UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P23415: Variant p.Arg299Leu

Glycine receptor subunit alpha-1
Gene: GLRA1
Chromosomal location: 5q31-q35
Variant information

Variant position:  299
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Leucine (L) at position 299 (R299L, p.Arg299Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and hydrophobic (L)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Hyperekplexia 1 (HKPX1) [MIM:149400]: A neurologic disorder characterized by muscular rigidity of central nervous system origin, particularly in the neonatal period, and by an exaggerated startle response to unexpected acoustic or tactile stimuli. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10514101, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7611730, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7881416, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7981700, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8298642, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8571969, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8733061, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9067762, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9920650, ECO:0000269|Ref.10}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In HKPX1; decreased potency of glycine to activate the channel.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  299
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  457
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.






Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 29 – 457 Glycine receptor subunit alpha-1
Helix 299 – 301

Literature citations

Mutations in the alpha 1 subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor cause the dominant neurologic disorder, hyperekplexia.
Shiang R.; Ryan S.G.; Zhu Y.-Z.; Hahn A.F.; O'Connell P.; Wasmuth J.J.;
Nat. Genet. 5:351-357(1993)
Cited for: VARIANTS HKPX1 LEU-299 AND GLN-299;

Decreased agonist affinity and chloride conductance of mutant glycine receptors associated with human hereditary hyperekplexia.
Langosch D.; Laube B.; Runstroem N.; Schmieden V.; Bormann J.; Betz H.;
EMBO J. 13:4223-4228(1994)

An additional family with Startle disease and a G1192A mutation at the alpha 1 subunit of the inhibitory glycine receptor gene.
Schorderet D.F.; Pescia G.; Bernasconi A.; Regli F.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 3:1201-1201(1994)
Cited for: VARIANT HKPX1 LEU-299;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.