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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P46100: Variant p.Tyr2084His

Transcriptional regulator ATRX
Gene: ATRX
Chromosomal location: Xq13.1-q21.1
Variant information

Variant position:  2084
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Histidine (H) at position 2084 (Y2084H, p.Tyr2084His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Alpha-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome, X-linked (ATRX) [MIM:301040]: A disorder characterized by severe psychomotor retardation, facial dysmorphism, urogenital abnormalities, and alpha-thalassemia. An essential phenotypic trait are hemoglobin H erythrocyte inclusions. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10204841, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10417298, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10660327, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10995512, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12116232, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14990586, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16955409, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21421568, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7697714, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8968741, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9043863, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9326931}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In ATRX; impairs ATPase activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  2084
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2492
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   DKDKPLIYKGEGKWLRNIDY  Y RLDGSTTAQSRKKWAEEFND
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DKDKPLIYKGE-----GKWLRNIDYYRLDGSTTAQSRKKWAEEFND

Chimpanzee                    DKDKPLIYKGE-----GKWLRNIDYYRLDGSTTAQSRKKWA

Mouse                         DKEKPLIYKGE-----GKWIRNIDYYRLDGSTNAQSRKKWA

Caenorhabditis elegans        DGHEALNAEGEET---WSWLEGEDYMTIDGSVQSGKRDAVQ

Drosophila                    SNTKNYEFEGDVGDFKGCWTSGKDYFRLDGSCSVEQREAMC

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2492 Transcriptional regulator ATRX
Domain 2025 – 2205 Helicase C-terminal
Region 2010 – 2280 Interaction with MECP2
Alternative sequence 1419 – 2492 Missing. In isoform 6.


Literature citations

A novel transcription regulatory complex containing death domain-associated protein and the ATR-X syndrome protein.
Tang J.; Wu S.; Liu H.; Stratt R.; Barak O.G.; Shiekhattar R.; Picketts D.J.; Yang X.;
J. Biol. Chem. 279:20369-20377(2004)
Cited for: FUNCTION; INTERACTION WITH DAXX; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; MUTAGENESIS OF LYS-1600; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS ATRX VAL-2035 AND HIS-2084;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.