UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P46019: Variant p.Arg186His

Phosphorylase b kinase regulatory subunit alpha, liver isoform
Gene: PHKA2
Chromosomal location: Xp22.1-p22.2
Variant information

Variant position:  186
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 186 (R186H, p.Arg186His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In GSD9A; type 2.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  186
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1235
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   QNLVFYIEAAYKVADYGMWE  R GDKTNQGIPELNASSVGMAK
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         QNLVFYIEAAYKVADYGMWERGDKTNQGIPELNASSVGMAK

Mouse                         QNLVFYIEAAYKVADYGMWERGDKTNQGIPELNASSVGVAK

Rabbit                        QNLVFYIEAAYKVADYGMWERGDKTNQGIPELNASSVGMAK

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1235 Phosphorylase b kinase regulatory subunit alpha, liver isoform


Literature citations

Complete genomic structure and mutational spectrum of PHKA2 in patients with X-linked liver glycogenosis type I and II.
Hendrickx J.; Lee P.; Keating J.P.; Carton D.; Sardharwalla I.B.; Tuchman M.; Baussan C.; Willems P.J.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 64:1541-1549(1999)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS GSD9A CYS-186; HIS-186; 189-LYS-THR-190 DEL; HIS-295 AND LYS-1125;

Mutation hotspots in the PHKA2 gene in X-linked liver glycogenosis due to phosphorylase kinase deficiency with atypical activity in blood cells (XLG2).
Burwinkel B.; Shin Y.S.; Bakker H.D.; Deutsch J.; Lozano M.J.; Maire I.; Kilimann M.W.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 5:653-658(1996)
Cited for: VARIANTS GSD9A PRO-132; TYR-132; HIS-186 AND GLY-299;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.