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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P17661: Variant p.Asn393Ile

Desmin
Gene: DES
Chromosomal location: 2q35
Variant information

Variant position:  393
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Asparagine (N) to Isoleucine (I) at position 393 (N393I, p.Asn393Ile).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (N) to medium size and hydrophobic (I)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Myopathy, myofibrillar, 1 (MFM1) [MIM:601419]: A form of myofibrillar myopathy, a group of chronic neuromuscular disorders characterized at ultrastructural level by disintegration of the sarcomeric Z disc and myofibrils, and replacement of the normal myofibrillar markings by small dense granules, or larger hyaline masses, or amorphous material. MFM1 is characterized by skeletal muscle weakness associated with cardiac conduction blocks, arrhythmias, restrictive heart failure, and accumulation of desmin-reactive deposits in cardiac and skeletal muscle cells. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10545598, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10717012, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10905661, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11061256, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11668632, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12620971, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12766977, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14648196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14711882, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14724127, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15495235, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15800015, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16009553, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16865695, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17221859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18061454, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879535, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20829228, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22106715, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22395865, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25394388, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9697706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9736733}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Mutations in the DES gene are associated with a variable clinical phenotype which encompasses isolated myopathies, pure cardiac phenotypes (including dilated cardiomyopathy, restrictive cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy), cardiac conduction disease, and combinations of these disorders. If both cardiologic and neurologic features occur, they can manifest in any order, as cardiologic features can precede, occur simultaneously with, or follow manifestation of generalized neuromuscular disease (PubMed:19879535). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19879535}.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In MFM1; heterozygous with P-360 gives a severe childhood-onset; unable to form a functional filamentous network in the presence of P-360.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  393
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  470
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLL  N VKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

                              EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Mouse                         EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Rat                           EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Pig                           EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Bovine                        EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Chicken                       EIRHLKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDVEIATYRKLLEGEE

Xenopus laevis                EIRNMKDEMARHLREYQDLLNVKMALDMEIATYRKLLEGEE

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 2 – 470 Desmin
Region 109 – 412 Rod
Region 296 – 412 Coil 2B
Modified residue 378 – 378 N6-acetyllysine; alternate
Modified residue 388 – 388 Nitrated tyrosine
Cross 378 – 378 Glycyl lysine isopeptide (Lys-Gly) (interchain with G-Cter in SUMO2); alternate


Literature citations

Missense mutations in desmin associated with familial cardiac and skeletal myopathy.
Goldfarb L.G.; Park K.-Y.; Cervenakova L.; Gorokhova S.; Lee H.-S.; Vasconcelos O.; Nagle J.W.; Semino-Mora C.; Sivakumar K.; Dalakas M.C.;
Nat. Genet. 19:402-403(1998)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]; VARIANTS MFM1 PRO-337; PRO-360 AND ILE-393;

Desmin myopathy, a skeletal myopathy with cardiomyopathy caused by mutations in the desmin gene.
Dalakas M.C.; Park K.-Y.; Semino-Mora C.; Lee H.S.; Sivakumar K.; Goldfarb L.G.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 342:770-780(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS MFM1 PRO-337; ASP-342; PRO-360; ILE-393; TRP-406 AND MET-451; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS MFM1 PRO-337; ASP-342; PRO-360; ILE-393; TRP-406 AND MET-451;

Variable pathogenic potentials of mutations located in the desmin alpha-helical domain.
Goudeau B.; Rodrigues-Lima F.; Fischer D.; Casteras-Simon M.; Sambuughin N.; de Visser M.; Laforet P.; Ferrer X.; Chapon F.; Sjoberg G.; Kostareva A.; Sejersen T.; Dalakas M.C.; Goldfarb L.G.; Vicart P.;
Hum. Mutat. 27:906-913(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS MFM1 ARG-338; TYR-399 AND LYS-401; VARIANT VAL-213; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS MFM1 ARG-338; PRO-360; ILE-393; TYR-399 AND LYS-401; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT VAL-213;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.