UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P26367: Variant p.Ala33Pro

Paired box protein Pax-6
Gene: PAX6
Chromosomal location: 11p13
Variant information

Variant position:  33
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Proline (P) at position 33 (A33P, p.Ala33Pro).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and hydrophobic (P)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Aniridia (AN) [MIM:106210]: A congenital, bilateral, panocular disorder characterized by complete absence of the iris or extreme iris hypoplasia. Aniridia is not just an isolated defect in iris development but it is associated with macular and optic nerve hypoplasia, cataract, corneal changes, nystagmus. Visual acuity is generally low but is unrelated to the degree of iris hypoplasia. Glaucoma is a secondary problem causing additional visual loss over time. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In AN.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  33
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  422
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVEL  A HSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Mouse                         GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Rat                           GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Bovine                        GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Xenopus laevis                GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Zebrafish                     GVFVNGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Drosophila                    GVFVGGRPLPDSTRQKIVELAHSGARPCDISRILQVSNGCV

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 422 Paired box protein Pax-6
Domain 4 – 130 Paired
Alternative sequence 47 – 47 Q -> QTHADAKVQVLDNQN. In isoform 5a.
Helix 23 – 34


Literature citations

Missense mutations in the most ancient residues of the PAX6 paired domain underlie a spectrum of human congenital eye malformations.
Hanson I.M.; Churchill A.; Love J.; Axton R.; Moore T.; Clarke M.; Meire F.; van Heyningen V.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 8:165-172(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS AN PRO-33; PRO-43 AND ASP-126; VARIANT FVH1 VAL-64;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.