UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q16586: Variant p.Arg77Cys

Alpha-sarcoglycan
Gene: SGCA
Chromosomal location: 17q21
Variant information

Variant position:  77
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Cysteine (C) at position 77 (R77C, p.Arg77Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In LGMD2D.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  77
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  387
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   AVHITYHAHLQGHPDLPRWL  R YTQRSPHHPGFLYGSATPED
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         AVHITYHAHLQGHPDLPRWLRYTQRSPHHPGFLYGSATPED

Mouse                         TVRLTYHAHLQGHPDLPRWLHYTQRSPYNPGFLYGSPTPED

Rabbit                        TIPVTYHAHLQGHPDLPRWLRYTQRSPHHPGFLYGAATPED

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 24 – 387 Alpha-sarcoglycan
Topological domain 24 – 290 Extracellular


Literature citations

A common missense mutation in the adhalin gene in three unrelated Brazilian families with a relatively mild form of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.
Bueno M.R.P.; Moreira E.S.; Vainzof M.; Chamberlain J.; Marie S.K.; Pereira L.; Akiyama J.; Roberds S.L.; Campbell K.P.; Zatz M.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 4:1163-1167(1995)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] OF 1-214; VARIANT LGMD2D CYS-77;

Adhalin gene mutations in patients with autosomal recessive childhood onset muscular dystrophy with adhalin deficiency.
Kawai H.; Akaike M.; Endo T.; Adachi K.; Inui T.; Mitsui T.; Kashiwagi S.; Fujiwara T.; Okuno S.; Shin S.; Miyoshi K.; Campbell K.P.; Yamada H.; Shimizu T.; Matsumura K.; Saito S.;
J. Clin. Invest. 96:1202-1207(1995)
Cited for: VARIANTS LGMD2D CYS-77; PRO-GLY-ALA-GLN-PRO-136 INS AND GLY-137;

Primary adhalinopathy: a common cause of autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy of variable severity.
Piccolo F.; Roberds S.L.; Jeanpierre M.; Leturcq F.; Azibi K.; Beldjord C.; Carrie A.; Recan D.; Chaouch M.; Reghis A.; El Kerch F.; Sefiani A.; Voit T.; Merlini L.; Collin H.; Eymard B.; Beckmann J.S.; Romero N.B.; Tome F.M.S.; Fardeau M.; Campbell K.P.; Kaplan J.-C.;
Nat. Genet. 10:243-245(1995)
Cited for: VARIANTS LGMD2D HIS-34; HIS-62; GLU-68; CYS-77 AND HIS-98;

Mutational diversity and hot spots in the alpha-sarcoglycan gene in autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy (LGMD2D).
Carrie A.; Piccolo F.; Leturcq F.; de Toma C.; Azibi K.; Beldjord C.; Vallat J.-M.; Merlini L.; Voit T.; Sewry C.; Urtizberea J.A.; Romero N.B.; Tome F.M.S.; Fardeau M.; Sunada Y.; Campbell K.P.; Kaplan J.-C.; Jeanpierre M.;
J. Med. Genet. 34:470-475(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS LGMD2D LEU-30; CYS-34; CYS-77; ARG-91; THR-124; LYS-137; PRO-173 AND CYS-284;

Mutations in the sarcoglycan genes in patients with myopathy.
Duggan D.J.; Gorospe J.R.; Fanin M.; Hoffman E.P.; Angelini C.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 336:618-624(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS LGMD2D CYS-77; VAL-93; GLY-97; THR-124; PHE-158; PRO-173; ILE-196 AND HIS-205;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.