UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q96J92: Variant p.Glu562Lys

Serine/threonine-protein kinase WNK4
Gene: WNK4
Chromosomal location: 17q21-q22
Variant information

Variant position:  562
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Glutamate (E) to Lysine (K) at position 562 (E562K, p.Glu562Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (E) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In PHA2B; impaired interaction with KLHL3.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  562
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1243
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   ATVPMAPGPPSVFPPEPEEP  E ADQHQPFLFRHASYSSTTSD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         ATVPMAPGPPSVFPPEPEEPEADQHQPFLFRHASYSSTTSD

Mouse                         ATVSLAPGPPSAFPPEPEEPEADQHQSFLFRHASYSSTTSD

Rat                           ATVSMTPGPPSAFPPEPEEPEADQHQSFLFRHASYSSTTSD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1243 Serine/threonine-protein kinase WNK4
Helix 562 – 564


Literature citations

Human hypertension caused by mutations in WNK kinases.
Wilson F.H.; Disse-Nicodeme S.; Choate K.A.; Ishikawa K.; Nelson-Williams C.; Desitter I.; Gunel M.; Milford D.V.; Lipkin G.W.; Achard J.-M.; Feely M.P.; Dussol B.; Berland Y.; Unwin R.J.; Mayan H.; Simon D.B.; Farfel Z.; Jeunemaitre X.; Lifton R.P.;
Science 293:1107-1112(2001)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1); DISEASE; VARIANTS PHA2B LYS-562; ALA-564; GLU-565 AND CYS-1185;

The CUL3-KLHL3 E3 ligase complex mutated in Gordon's hypertension syndrome interacts with and ubiquitylates WNK isoforms: disease-causing mutations in KLHL3 and WNK4 disrupt interaction.
Ohta A.; Schumacher F.R.; Mehellou Y.; Johnson C.; Knebel A.; Macartney T.J.; Wood N.T.; Alessi D.R.; Kurz T.;
Biochem. J. 451:111-122(2013)
Cited for: INTERACTION WITH KLHL3; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS PHA2B LYS-562 AND GLU-565;

Kelch-like 3 and Cullin 3 regulate electrolyte homeostasis via ubiquitination and degradation of WNK4.
Shibata S.; Zhang J.; Puthumana J.; Stone K.L.; Lifton R.P.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110:7838-7843(2013)
Cited for: UBIQUITINATION AT LYS-157; LYS-175; LYS-186; LYS-226; LYS-241; LYS-328; LYS-387; LYS-393; LYS-450; LYS-454; LYS-1010; LYS-1144; LYS-1157 AND LYS-1158; INTERACTION WITH KLHL3; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS PHA2B LYS-562 AND GLU-565;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.