UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P37840: Variant p.Glu46Lys

Gene: SNCA
Chromosomal location: 4q21
Variant information

Variant position:  46
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Glutamate (E) to Lysine (K) at position 46 (E46K, p.Glu46Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (E) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In PARK1 and DLB; significant increase in binding to negatively charged phospholipid liposomes.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  46
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  140
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.








Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 140 Alpha-synuclein
Repeat 42 – 56 3; approximate
Region 20 – 67 4 X 11 AA tandem repeats of [EGS]-K-T-K-[EQ]-[GQ]-V-X(4)
Metal binding 50 – 50 Copper
Alternative sequence 41 – 54 Missing. In isoform 2-5.
Mutagenesis 39 – 39 Y -> F. No effect on osmotic stress-induced phosphorylation.
Mutagenesis 50 – 50 H -> A. Impairs copper-binding.
Beta strand 45 – 47

Literature citations

The new mutation, E46K, of alpha-synuclein causes Parkinson and Lewy body dementia.
Zarranz J.J.; Alegre J.; Gomez-Esteban J.C.; Lezcano E.; Ros R.; Ampuero I.; Vidal L.; Hoenicka J.; Rodriguez O.; Atares B.; Llorens V.; Gomez Tortosa E.; del Ser T.; Munoz D.G.; de Yebenes J.G.;
Ann. Neurol. 55:164-173(2004)
Cited for: VARIANT PARK1/DLB LYS-46;

Mutation E46K increases phospholipid binding and assembly into filaments of human alpha-synuclein.
Choi W.; Zibaee S.; Jakes R.; Serpell L.C.; Davletov B.; Crowther R.A.; Goedert M.;
FEBS Lett. 576:363-368(2004)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.