UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q5S007: Variant p.Arg1941His

Leucine-rich repeat serine/threonine-protein kinase 2
Gene: LRRK2
Chromosomal location: 12q12
Variant information

Variant position:  1941
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 1941 (R1941H, p.Arg1941His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Parkinson disease 8 (PARK8) [MIM:607060]: A slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by bradykinesia, rigidity, resting tremor, postural instability, neuronal loss in the substantia nigra, and the presence of neurofibrillary MAPT (tau)-positive and Lewy bodies in some patients. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PARK8.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1941
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2527
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LVVLCHLHHPSLISLLAAGI  R PRMLVMELASKGSLDRLLQQ
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LVVLCHLHHPSLISLLAAGIRPRMLVMELASKGSLDRLLQQ

Mouse                         LVVLCHLHHPSLISLLAAGIRPRMLVMELASKGSLDRLLQQ

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2527 Leucine-rich repeat serine/threonine-protein kinase 2
Domain 1879 – 2138 Protein kinase


Literature citations

Mutations in the gene LRRK2 encoding dardarin (PARK8) cause familial Parkinson's disease: clinical, pathological, olfactory and functional imaging and genetic data.
Khan N.L.; Jain S.; Lynch J.M.; Pavese N.; Abou-Sleiman P.M.; Holton J.L.; Healy D.G.; Gilks W.P.; Sweeney M.G.; Ganguly M.; Gibbons V.; Gandhi S.; Vaughan J.; Eunson L.H.; Katzenschlager R.; Gayton J.; Lennox G.; Revesz T.; Nicholl D.; Bhatia K.P.; Quinn N.; Brooks D.; Lees A.J.; Davis M.B.; Piccini P.; Singleton A.B.; Wood N.W.;
Brain 128:2786-2796(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS PARK8 CYS-1699; HIS-1941; SER-2019 AND ILE-2356;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.