UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O14746: Variant p.Ala202Thr

Telomerase reverse transcriptase
Gene: TERT
Chromosomal location: 5p15.33
Variant information

Variant position:  202
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Threonine (T) at position 202 (A202T, p.Ala202Thr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and polar (T)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Pulmonary fibrosis, and/or bone marrow failure, telomere-related, 1 (PFBMFT1) [MIM:614742]: A disease associated with shortened telomeres. Pulmonary fibrosis is the most common manifestation. Other manifestations include aplastic anemia due to bone marrow failure, hepatic fibrosis, and increased cancer risk, particularly myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. Phenotype, age at onset, and severity are determined by telomere length. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In PFBMFT1 and AA susceptibilty; severe and moderate; shorter telomeres.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  202
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1132
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   TQARPPPHASGPRRRLGCER  A WNHSVREAGVPLGLPAPGAR
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         T------QA--RPPPHASGPRRRLGCER--AWNHSVREAGVPLGLPAPGAR

Mouse                         TDIWPSVSASYRPTRPVGRNFTNLRFLQQ-IKSSSRQEAPK

Rat                           TDTWSSVPAGYRPTRPVGGNFTNLGSAHQ-IKNSGHQEAPK

Bovine                        A------AAARRPTRQVGGTRAGFGLPRPASSNGGHGEAEG

Dog                           A------SLP-LPAPGLPGLP---GLPGLGAGAGASADLRP

Baker's yeast                 -----------------------------------------

Fission yeast                 ----------------------------------------K

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1132 Telomerase reverse transcriptase
Region 1 – 230 RNA-interacting domain 1


Literature citations

Mutations in the reverse transcriptase component of telomerase (TERT) in patients with bone marrow failure.
Vulliamy T.J.; Walne A.; Baskaradas A.; Mason P.J.; Marrone A.; Dokal I.;
Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 34:257-263(2005)
Cited for: VARIANT AA SUSCEPTIBILITY THR-202; VARIANTS DKCA2 TRP-979 AND LEU-1127; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT AA SUSCEPTIBILTY THR-202; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS DKCA2 TRP-979 AND LEU-1127;

Mutations in TERT, the gene for telomerase reverse transcriptase, in aplastic anemia.
Yamaguchi H.; Calado R.T.; Ly H.; Kajigaya S.; Baerlocher G.M.; Chanock S.J.; Lansdorp P.M.; Young N.S.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 352:1413-1424(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS PFBMFT1 THR-202; TYR-412; MET-694; CYS-772 AND MET-1090; VARIANTS THR-279; GLU-441 DEL AND THR-1062;

Defining the pathogenic role of telomerase mutations in myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia.
Kirwan M.; Vulliamy T.; Marrone A.; Walne A.J.; Beswick R.; Hillmen P.; Kelly R.; Stewart A.; Bowen D.; Schonland S.O.; Whittle A.M.; McVerry A.; Gilleece M.; Dokal I.;
Hum. Mutat. 30:1567-1573(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS ALA-65; MET-299; LYS-522 AND THR-1062; VARIANTS AA SUSCEPTIBILITY THR-202; TYR-412; GLU-441 DEL; ASN-570; GLN-631; MET-694 AND LEU-785;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.