UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q71U36: Variant p.Leu286Phe

Tubulin alpha-1A chain
Gene: TUBA1A
Chromosomal location: 12q12-q14.3
Variant information

Variant position:  286
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Leucine (L) to Phenylalanine (F) at position 286 (L286F, p.Leu286Phe).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (L) to large size and aromatic (F)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Lissencephaly 3 (LIS3) [MIM:611603]: A classic type lissencephaly associated with psychomotor retardation and seizures. Features include agyria or pachygyria or laminar heterotopia, severe mental retardation, motor delay, variable presence of seizures, and abnormalities of corpus callosum, hippocampus, cerebellar vermis and brainstem. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In LIS3.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  286
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  451
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQ  L SVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD

Chimpanzee                    HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD

Mouse                         HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD

Rat                           HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD

Pig                           HFPLATYAPVISAEKAYHEQLSVAEITNACFEPANQMVKCD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 451 Tubulin alpha-1A chain
Modified residue 282 – 282 Nitrated tyrosine


Literature citations

Large spectrum of lissencephaly and pachygyria phenotypes resulting from de novo missense mutations in tubulin alpha 1A (TUBA1A).
Poirier K.; Keays D.A.; Francis F.; Saillour Y.; Bahi N.; Manouvrier S.; Fallet-Bianco C.; Pasquier L.; Toutain A.; Tuy F.P.; Bienvenu T.; Joriot S.; Odent S.; Ville D.; Desguerre I.; Goldenberg A.; Moutard M.L.; Fryns J.-P.; van Esch H.; Harvey R.J.; Siebold C.; Flint J.; Beldjord C.; Chelly J.;
Hum. Mutat. 28:1055-1064(2007)
Cited for: TISSUE SPECIFICITY; VARIANTS LIS3 LEU-188; THR-263; CYS-264; PHE-286; HIS-402; CYS-402 AND LEU-419;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.