UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P55017: Variant p.Arg642Gly

Solute carrier family 12 member 3
Gene: SLC12A3
Chromosomal location: 16q13
Variant information

Variant position:  642
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glycine (G) at position 642 (R642G, p.Arg642Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Gitelman syndrome (GS) [MIM:263800]: An autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypokalemic alkalosis in combination with hypomagnesemia, low urinary calcium, and increased renin activity associated with normal blood pressure. Patients are often asymptomatic or present transient periods of muscular weakness and tetany, usually accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting and fever. The phenotype is highly heterogeneous in terms of age at onset and severity. Cardinal features such as hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia might also change during the life cycle of a given patient. It has overlapping features with Bartter syndrome. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10616841, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10988270, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11168953, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11940055, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12008755, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12112667, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15069170, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15687331, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16429844, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17654016, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17873326, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8528245, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8900229, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8954067, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9734597}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In GS.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  642
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1021
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 1021 Solute carrier family 12 member 3

Literature citations

Gitelman's syndrome revisited: an evaluation of symptoms and health-related quality of life.
Cruz D.N.; Shaer A.J.; Bia M.J.; Lifton R.P.; Simon D.B.;
Kidney Int. 59:710-717(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS GS PHE-154; LEU-178; GLN-209; ARG-284; VAL-313; TRP-321; TRP-334; CYS-399; LEU-555; LEU-615; GLY-642; LEU-643 AND VAL-729;

Identification of fifteen novel mutations in the SLC12A3 gene encoding the Na-Cl Co-transporter in Italian patients with Gitelman syndrome.
Syren M.-L.; Tedeschi S.; Cesareo L.; Bellantuono R.; Colussi G.; Procaccio M.; Ali A.; Domenici R.; Malberti F.; Sprocati M.; Sacco M.; Miglietti N.; Edefonti A.; Sereni F.; Casari G.; Coviello D.A.; Bettinelli A.;
Hum. Mutat. 20:78-78(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS GS GLN-158; MET-163; ARG-172; TRP-209; VAL-316; VAL-374; GLU-463; THR-464; LEU-615; TRP-615; GLY-642; HIS-642; MET-677; CYS-852; SER-852; GLY-958 AND TYR-985; VARIANT GLN-904;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.