UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O15118: Variant p.Gly248Val

Niemann-Pick C1 protein
Gene: NPC1
Chromosomal location: 18q11-q12
Variant information

Variant position:  248
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Valine (V) at position 248 (G248V, p.Gly248Val).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and hydrophobic (V)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Niemann-Pick disease C1 (NPC1) [MIM:257220]: A lysosomal storage disorder that affects the viscera and the central nervous system. It is due to defective intracellular processing and transport of low-density lipoprotein derived cholesterol. It causes accumulation of cholesterol in lysosomes, with delayed induction of cholesterol homeostatic reactions. Niemann-Pick disease type C1 has a highly variable clinical phenotype. Clinical features include variable hepatosplenomegaly and severe progressive neurological dysfunction such as ataxia, dystonia and dementia. The age of onset can vary from infancy to late adulthood. An allelic variant of Niemann-Pick disease type C1 is found in people with Nova Scotia ancestry. Patients with the Nova Scotian clinical variant are less severely affected. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In NPC1.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  248
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1278
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   DESVDEVTAPCSCQDCSIVC  G PKPQPPPPPAPWTILGLDAM
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DESVDEVTAP-CSCQDCSIVCGPKPQPPPPPA----PWTILGLDAM

Mouse                         NESVDEVTGP-CSCQDCSIVCGPKPQPPPPPM----PWRIW

Pig                           DESVDEVTGP-CSCQDCSIVCGPKPQPPPPPV----PWRIL

Caenorhabditis elegans        DKS-ARVGWPACSTSECNKEEYANLIDLDDGKTSGQTCNVH

Baker's yeast                 DDAQYK-----CACSDCQESC-PHLKPLKDGV-----CKVG

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 23 – 1278 Niemann-Pick C1 protein
Topological domain 23 – 269 Lumenal


Literature citations

Niemann-Pick C variant detection by altered sphingolipid trafficking and correlation with mutations within a specific domain of NPC1.
Sun X.; Marks D.L.; Park W.D.; Wheatley C.L.; Puri V.; O'Brien J.F.; Kraft D.L.; Lundquist P.A.; Patterson M.C.; Pagano R.E.; Snow K.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 68:1361-1372(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS NPC1 ARG-92; MET-137; SER-237; ASN-242; VAL-248; THR-401; GLN-404; ASP-612; TRP-652; CYS-789; CYS-825; VAL-874; SER-888; PRO-929; LEU-940; ASN-944; ASN-948; GLN-958; ARG-976; CYS-978; LEU-1004; ALA-1007; GLY-1023; THR-1061; LYS-1089; THR-1142; LYS-1150; SER-1156; MET-1165; HIS-1186 AND GLY-1189;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.