UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P68032: Variant p.His90Tyr

Actin, alpha cardiac muscle 1
Gene: ACTC1
Chromosomal location: 15q11-q14
Variant information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Histidine (H) to Tyrosine (Y) at position 90 (H90Y, p.His90Tyr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (H) to large size and aromatic (Y)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Cardiomyopathy, familial hypertrophic 11 (CMH11) [MIM:612098]: A hereditary heart disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy, which is usually asymmetric and often involves the interventricular septum. The symptoms include dyspnea, syncope, collapse, palpitations, and chest pain. They can be readily provoked by exercise. The disorder has inter- and intrafamilial variability ranging from benign to malignant forms with high risk of cardiac failure and sudden cardiac death. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CMH11.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  90
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  377
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWH  H TFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Mouse                         KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Rat                           KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Bovine                        KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Chicken                       KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Xenopus laevis                KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Xenopus tropicalis            KYPIEHGIITNWDDMEKIWHHTFYNELRVAPEEHPTLLTEA

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 3 – 377 Actin, alpha cardiac muscle 1
Modified residue 75 – 75 Tele-methylhistidine
Modified residue 86 – 86 N6-methyllysine


Literature citations

Shared genetic causes of cardiac hypertrophy in children and adults.
Morita H.; Rehm H.L.; Menesses A.; McDonough B.; Roberts A.E.; Kucherlapati R.; Towbin J.A.; Seidman J.G.; Seidman C.E.;
N. Engl. J. Med. 358:1899-1908(2008)
Cited for: VARIANTS CMH11 TYR-90 AND CYS-97;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.