UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P55075: Variant p.Lys89Glu

Fibroblast growth factor 8
Gene: FGF8
Chromosomal location: 10q24
Variant information

Variant position:  89
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Lysine (K) to Glutamate (E) at position 89 (K89E, p.Lys89Glu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (K) to medium size and acidic (E)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In HH6; phenotype consistent with normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism; some patients also carry mutations in FGFR1.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  89
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  233
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   IRTYQLYSRTSGKHVQVLAN  K RINAMAEDGDPFAKLIVETD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         IRTYQLYSRTSGKHVQVLANKRINAMAEDGDPFAKLIVETD

Mouse                         IRTYQLYSRTSGKHVQVLANKRINAMAEDGDPFAKLIVETD

Chicken                       VRTYQLYSRTSGKHVQILDNKKINAMAEDGDVHAKLIVETD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 23 – 233 Fibroblast growth factor 8


Literature citations

Decreased FGF8 signaling causes deficiency of gonadotropin-releasing hormone in humans and mice.
Falardeau J.; Chung W.C.J.; Beenken A.; Raivio T.; Plummer L.; Sidis Y.; Jacobson-Dickman E.E.; Eliseenkova A.V.; Ma J.; Dwyer A.; Quinton R.; Na S.; Hall J.E.; Huot C.; Alois N.; Pearce S.H.; Cole L.W.; Hughes V.; Mohammadi M.; Tsai P.; Pitteloud N.;
J. Clin. Invest. 118:2822-2831(2008)
Cited for: VARIANTS HH6 ASN-14; LEU-26; LEU-40; GLU-89; GLY-116 AND MET-218;

Mutations in FGF17, IL17RD, DUSP6, SPRY4, and FLRT3 are identified in individuals with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.
Miraoui H.; Dwyer A.A.; Sykiotis G.P.; Plummer L.; Chung W.; Feng B.; Beenken A.; Clarke J.; Pers T.H.; Dworzynski P.; Keefe K.; Niedziela M.; Raivio T.; Crowley W.F. Jr.; Seminara S.B.; Quinton R.; Hughes V.A.; Kumanov P.; Young J.; Yialamas M.A.; Hall J.E.; Van Vliet G.; Chanoine J.P.; Rubenstein J.; Mohammadi M.; Tsai P.S.; Sidis Y.; Lage K.; Pitteloud N.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 92:725-743(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS HH6 LEU-40 AND GLU-89;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.