UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q96PV0: Variant p.Trp362Arg

Ras/Rap GTPase-activating protein SynGAP
Gene: SYNGAP1
Chromosomal location: 6p21.3
Variant information

Variant position:  362
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants have been found in patients and disease-association is reported in literature. However, this classification is not a definitive assessment of variant pathogenicity.
  • Polymorphism: No disease-association has been reported.
  • Unclassified: Variants have been found in patients but disease-association remains unclear.

Residue change:  From Tryptophan (W) to Arginine (R) at position 362 (W362R, p.Trp362Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (W) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In MRD5; the disease phenotype consists of intellectual disability, autism and epilepsy; the mutant protein is less efficient in inhibiting ERK phosphorylation induced by neuronal activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  362
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1343
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   YVGLVTVPVATLAGRHFTEQ  W YPVTLPTGSGGSGGMGSGGG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         YVGLVTVPVATLAGRHFTEQWYPVTLPTGSGGSGGMGSGGG

Mouse                         YVGLVTVPVATLAGRHFTEQWYPVTLPTGSGGSGGMGSGGG

Rat                           YVGLVTVPVATLAGRHFTEQWYPVTLPTGSGGSGGMGSGGG

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 1343 Ras/Rap GTPase-activating protein SynGAP
Modified residue 379 – 379 Phosphoserine


Literature citations

Mutations in SYNGAP1 cause intellectual disability, autism, and a specific form of epilepsy by inducing haploinsufficiency.
Berryer M.H.; Hamdan F.F.; Klitten L.L.; Moller R.S.; Carmant L.; Schwartzentruber J.; Patry L.; Dobrzeniecka S.; Rochefort D.; Neugnot-Cerioli M.; Lacaille J.C.; Niu Z.; Eng C.M.; Yang Y.; Palardy S.; Belhumeur C.; Rouleau G.A.; Tommerup N.; Immken L.; Beauchamp M.H.; Patel G.S.; Majewski J.; Tarnopolsky M.A.; Scheffzek K.; Hjalgrim H.; Michaud J.L.; Di Cristo G.;
Hum. Mutat. 34:385-394(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS MRD5 ARG-362 AND LEU-562; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS MRD5 ARG-362 AND LEU-562;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.