Cellosaurus SK-MEL-2 (CVCL_0069)

Cell line name SK-MEL-2
Synonyms SK-Mel-2; SK-mel-2; SK.MEL.2; SK Mel 2; SK MEL 2; SKMEL-2; SKMEL2; SKmel2; SK-ML2; SKml2
Accession CVCL_0069
Resource Identification Initiative To cite this cell line use: SK-MEL-2 (RRID:CVCL_0069)
Comments Part of: Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project.
Part of: MD Anderson Cell Lines Project.
Part of: NCI60 cancer cell line panel.
From: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; New York; USA.
Registration: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Office of Technology Development; SK 779.
Doubling time: 45.5 hours (NCI-DTP).
Microsatellite instability: Instable (MSI-high) (Sanger).
Sequence variation: Homozygous for NRAS p.Gln61Arg (PubMed=12068308; PubMed=17088437).
Sequence variation: Heterozygous for TP53 p.Gly245Ser (PubMed=17088437; PubMed=18277095; PubMed=21912889).
Omics: Array-based CGH.
Omics: CNV analysis.
Omics: Deep exome analysis.
Omics: Deep proteome analysis.
Omics: Deep RNAseq analysis.
Omics: DNA methylation analysis.
Omics: Fluorescence phenotype profiling.
Omics: lncRNA expression profiling.
Omics: Metabolome analysis.
Omics: Protein expression by reverse-phase protein arrays.
Omics: SNP array analysis.
Omics: Transcriptome analysis.
Misspelling: SKm12; Occasionally.
Disease Melanoma (NCIt: C3224)
Derived from metastatic site: Thigh skin.
Species of origin Homo sapiens (Human) (NCBI Taxonomy: 9606)
Hierarchy Children: CVCL_J266 (SK-MEL-2-Luc)
Sex of cell Male
Category Cancer cell line
STR profile Source(s): ATCC; Cosmic-CLP; PubMed=19372543; PubMed=25877200

Markers:
AmelogeninX,Y
CSF1PO10,12
D13S31710,11 (ATCC)
11 (Cosmic-CLP; PubMed=19372543; PubMed=25877200)
D16S5398,9
D18S5115,16
D19S43312,15
D21S1129,30
D3S135814,16
D5S81811,12,13 (ATCC)
12,13 (Cosmic-CLP; PubMed=19372543; PubMed=25877200)
D7S82011,12
D8S117912,13
FGA19,25
Penta D10,15
Penta E7,16
TH019
TPOX8,9
vWA16,17 (ATCC)
17 (Cosmic-CLP; PubMed=19372543; PubMed=25877200)
Web pages https://dtp.cancer.gov/discovery_development/nci-60/cell_list.htm
https://strap.nci.nih.gov/celline_detail.php?sample_id=45
https://www.mskcc.org/research-advantage/support/technology/tangible-material/human-melanoma-cell-line-sk-mel-2
http://tcpaportal.org/mclp/
Publications

DOI=10.1007/978-1-4757-1647-4_5
Fogh J., Trempe G.L.
New human tumor cell lines.
(In) Human tumor cells in vitro; Fogh J. (eds.); pp.115-159; Springer; New York (1975)

PubMed=327080; DOI=10.1093/jnci/59.1.221
Fogh J., Fogh J.M., Orfeo T.
One hundred and twenty-seven cultured human tumor cell lines producing tumors in nude mice.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 59:221-226(1977)

PubMed=833871; DOI=10.1093/jnci/58.2.209
Fogh J., Wright W.C., Loveless J.D.
Absence of HeLa cell contamination in 169 cell lines derived from human tumors.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 58:209-214(1977)

PubMed=6220172
Dracopoli N.C., Fogh J.
Polymorphic enzyme analysis of cultured human tumor cell lines.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 70:469-476(1983)

PubMed=3518877; DOI=10.3109/07357908609038260
Fogh J.
Human tumor lines for cancer research.
Cancer Invest. 4:157-184(1986)

PubMed=2784858; DOI=10.1073/pnas.86.8.2804
Knuth A., Wolfel T., Klehmann E., Boon T., Meyer zum Buschenfelde K.-H.
Cytolytic T-cell clones against an autologous human melanoma: specificity study and definition of three antigens by immunoselection.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:2804-2808(1989)

PubMed=2041050; DOI=10.1093/jnci/83.11.757
Monks A., Scudiero D.A., Skehan P., Shoemaker R.H., Paull K., Vistica D.T., Hose C., Langley J., Cronise P., Vaigro-Wolff A., Gray-Goodrich M., Campbell H., Mayo J., Boyd M.
Feasibility of a high-flux anticancer drug screen using a diverse panel of cultured human tumor cell lines.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 83:757-766(1991)

PubMed=7999427; DOI=10.1016/0959-8049(94)90188-0
Marshall E.S., Matthews J.H.L., Shaw J.H.F., Nixon J., Tumewu P., Finlay G.J., Holdaway K.M., Baguley B.C.
Radiosensitivity of new and established human melanoma cell lines: comparison of [3H]thymidine incorporation and soft agar clonogenic assays.
Eur. J. Cancer 30:1370-1376(1994)

PubMed=8755562; DOI=10.1073/pnas.93.15.7832
Liu D., Pearlman E., Diaconu E., Guo K., Mori H., Haqqi T., Markowitz S., Willson J., Sy M.-S.
Expression of hyaluronidase by tumor cells induces angiogenesis in vivo.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93:7832-7837(1996)

PubMed=10700174; DOI=10.1038/73432
Ross D.T., Scherf U., Eisen M.B., Perou C.M., Rees C., Spellman P., Iyer V., Jeffrey S.S., Van de Rijn M., Waltham M., Pergamenschikov A., Lee J.C.F., Lashkari D., Shalon D., Myers T.G., Weinstein J.N., Botstein D., Brown P.O.
Systematic variation in gene expression patterns in human cancer cell lines.
Nat. Genet. 24:227-235(2000)

PubMed=12068308; DOI=10.1038/nature00766
Davies H., Bignell G.R., Cox C., Stephens P., Edkins S., Clegg S., Teague J.W., Woffendin H., Garnett M.J., Bottomley W., Davis N., Dicks E., Ewing R., Floyd Y., Gray K., Hall S., Hawes R., Hughes J., Kosmidou V., Menzies A., Mould C., Parker A., Stevens C., Watt S., Hooper S., Wilson R., Jayatilake H., Gusterson B.A., Cooper C., Shipley J., Hargrave D., Pritchard-Jones K., Maitland N.J., Chenevix-Trench G., Riggins G.J., Bigner D.D., Palmieri G., Cossu A., Flanagan A.M., Nicholson A., Ho J.W.C., Leung S.Y., Yuen S.T., Weber B.L., Seigler H.F., Darrow T.L., Paterson H., Marais R., Marshall C.J., Wooster R., Stratton M.R., Futreal P.A.
Mutations of the BRAF gene in human cancer.
Nature 417:949-954(2002)

PubMed=15467732; DOI=10.1038/sj.onc.1208152
Tanami H., Imoto I., Hirasawa A., Yuki Y., Sonoda I., Inoue J., Yasui K., Misawa-Furihata A., Kawakami Y., Inazawa J.
Involvement of overexpressed wild-type BRAF in the growth of malignant melanoma cell lines.
Oncogene 23:8796-8804(2004)

PubMed=17088437; DOI=10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-06-0433
Ikediobi O.N., Davies H., Bignell G.R., Edkins S., Stevens C., O'Meara S., Santarius T., Avis T., Barthorpe S., Brackenbury L., Buck G., Butler A., Clements J., Cole J., Dicks E., Forbes S., Gray K., Halliday K., Harrison R., Hills K., Hinton J., Hunter C., Jenkinson A., Jones D., Kosmidou V., Lugg R., Menzies A., Mironenko T., Parker A., Perry J., Raine K., Richardson D., Shepherd R., Small A., Smith R., Solomon H., Stephens P., Teague J.W., Tofts C., Varian J., Webb T., West S., Widaa S., Yates A., Reinhold W.C., Weinstein J.N., Stratton M.R., Futreal P.A., Wooster R.
Mutation analysis of 24 known cancer genes in the NCI-60 cell line set.
Mol. Cancer Ther. 5:2606-2612(2006)

PubMed=18277095; DOI=10.4161/cbt.7.5.5712
Berglind H., Pawitan Y., Kato S., Ishioka C., Soussi T.
Analysis of p53 mutation status in human cancer cell lines: a paradigm for cell line cross-contamination.
Cancer Biol. Ther. 7:699-708(2008)

PubMed=19372543; DOI=10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0921
Lorenzi P.L., Reinhold W.C., Varma S., Hutchinson A.A., Pommier Y., Chanock S.J., Weinstein J.N.
DNA fingerprinting of the NCI-60 cell line panel.
Mol. Cancer Ther. 8:713-724(2009)

PubMed=19727395; DOI=10.1371/journal.pone.0006888
Wadlow R.C., Wittner B.S., Finley S.A., Bergquist H., Upadhyay R., Finn S., Loda M., Mahmood U., Ramaswamy S.
Systems-level modeling of cancer-fibroblast interaction.
PLoS ONE 4:E6888-E6888(2009)

PubMed=21725359; DOI=10.1038/onc.2011.250
Xing F., Persaud Y., Pratilas C.A., Taylor B.S., Janakiraman M., She Q.-B., Gallardo H., Liu C., Merghoub T., Hefter B., Dolgalev I., Viale A., Heguy A., de Stanchina E., Cobrinik D., Bollag G., Wolchok J.D., Houghton A.N., Solit D.B.
Concurrent loss of the PTEN and RB1 tumor suppressors attenuates RAF dependence in melanomas harboring (V600E)BRAF.
Oncogene 31:446-457(2012)

PubMed=21912889; DOI=10.1007/s10637-011-9744-z
Sutherland H.S., Hwang I.Y., Marshall E.S., Lindsay B.S., Denny W.A., Gilchrist C., Joseph W.R., Greenhalgh D., Richardson E., Kestell P., Ding A., Baguley B.C.
Therapeutic reactivation of mutant p53 protein by quinazoline derivatives.
Invest. New Drugs 30:2035-2045(2012)

PubMed=22384151; DOI=10.1371/journal.pone.0032096
Lee J.-S., Kim Y.K., Kim H.J., Hajar S., Tan Y.L., Kang N.-Y., Ng S.H., Yoon C.N., Chang Y.-T.
Identification of cancer cell-line origins using fluorescence image-based phenomic screening.
PLoS ONE 7:E32096-E32096(2012)

PubMed=22460905; DOI=10.1038/nature11003
Barretina J.G., Caponigro G., Stransky N., Venkatesan K., Margolin A.A., Kim S., Wilson C.J., Lehar J., Kryukov G.V., Sonkin D., Reddy A., Liu M., Murray L., Berger M.F., Monahan J.E., Morais P., Meltzer J., Korejwa A., Jane-Valbuena J., Mapa F.A., Thibault J., Bric-Furlong E., Raman P., Shipway A., Engels I.H., Cheng J., Yu G.K., Yu J., Aspesi P. Jr., de Silva M., Jagtap K., Jones M.D., Wang L., Hatton C., Palescandolo E., Gupta S., Mahan S., Sougnez C., Onofrio R.C., Liefeld T., MacConaill L., Winckler W., Reich M., Li N., Mesirov J.P., Gabriel S.B., Getz G., Ardlie K., Chan V., Myer V.E., Weber B.L., Porter J., Warmuth M., Finan P., Harris J.L., Meyerson M., Golub T.R., Morrissey M.P., Sellers W.R., Schlegel R., Garraway L.A.
The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling of anticancer drug sensitivity.
Nature 483:603-607(2012)

PubMed=22628656; DOI=10.1126/science.1218595
Jain M., Nilsson R., Sharma S., Madhusudhan N., Kitami T., Souza A.L., Kafri R., Kirschner M.W., Clish C.B., Mootha V.K.
Metabolite profiling identifies a key role for glycine in rapid cancer cell proliferation.
Science 336:1040-1044(2012)

PubMed=23856246; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-12-3342
Abaan O.D., Polley E.C., Davis S.R., Zhu Y.J., Bilke S., Walker R.L., Pineda M., Gindin Y., Jiang Y., Reinhold W.C., Holbeck S.L., Simon R.M., Doroshow J.H., Pommier Y., Meltzer P.S.
The exomes of the NCI-60 panel: a genomic resource for cancer biology and systems pharmacology.
Cancer Res. 73:4372-4382(2013)

PubMed=23933261; DOI=10.1016/j.celrep.2013.07.018
Moghaddas Gholami A., Hahne H., Wu Z., Auer F.J., Meng C., Wilhelm M., Kuster B.
Global proteome analysis of the NCI-60 cell line panel.
Cell Rep. 4:609-620(2013)

PubMed=24279929; DOI=10.1186/2049-3002-1-20
Dolfi S.C., Chan L.L.-Y., Qiu J., Tedeschi P.M., Bertino J.R., Hirshfield K.M., Oltvai Z.N., Vazquez A.
The metabolic demands of cancer cells are coupled to their size and protein synthesis rates.
Cancer Metab. 1:20-20(2013)

PubMed=24576830; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-2625
Nissan M.H., Pratilas C.A., Jones A.M., Ramirez R., Won H., Liu C., Tiwari S., Kong L., Hanrahan A.J., Yao Z., Merghoub T., Ribas A., Chapman P.B., Yaeger R., Taylor B.S., Schultz N., Berger M.F., Rosen N., Solit D.B.
Loss of NF1 in cutaneous melanoma is associated with RAS activation and MEK dependence.
Cancer Res. 74:2340-2350(2014)

PubMed=24670534; DOI=10.1371/journal.pone.0092047
Varma S., Pommier Y., Sunshine M., Weinstein J.N., Reinhold W.C.
High resolution copy number variation data in the NCI-60 cancer cell lines from whole genome microarrays accessible through CellMiner.
PLoS ONE 9:E92047-E92047(2014)

PubMed=25485619; DOI=10.1038/nbt.3080
Klijn C., Durinck S., Stawiski E.W., Haverty P.M., Jiang Z., Liu H., Degenhardt J., Mayba O., Gnad F., Liu J., Pau G., Reeder J., Cao Y., Mukhyala K., Selvaraj S.K., Yu M., Zynda G.J., Brauer M.J., Wu T.D., Gentleman R.C., Manning G., Yauch R.L., Bourgon R., Stokoe D., Modrusan Z., Neve R.M., de Sauvage F.J., Settleman J., Seshagiri S., Zhang Z.
A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell lines.
Nat. Biotechnol. 33:306-312(2015)

PubMed=27377824; DOI=10.1038/sdata.2016.52
Mestdagh P., Lefever S., Volders P.-J., Derveaux S., Hellemans J., Vandesompele J.
Long non-coding RNA expression profiling in the NCI60 cancer cell line panel using high-throughput RT-qPCR.
Sci. Data 3:160052-160052(2016)

PubMed=27397505; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2016.06.017
Iorio F., Knijnenburg T.A., Vis D.J., Bignell G.R., Menden M.P., Schubert M., Aben N., Goncalves E., Barthorpe S., Lightfoot H., Cokelaer T., Greninger P., van Dyk E., Chang H., de Silva H., Heyn H., Deng X., Egan R.K., Liu Q., Mironenko T., Mitropoulos X., Richardson L., Wang J., Zhang T., Moran S., Sayols S., Soleimani M., Tamborero D., Lopez-Bigas N., Ross-Macdonald P., Esteller M., Gray N.S., Haber D.A., Stratton M.R., Benes C.H., Wessels L.F.A., Saez-Rodriguez J., McDermott U., Garnett M.J.
A landscape of pharmacogenomic interactions in cancer.
Cell 166:740-754(2016)

PubMed=27807467; DOI=10.1186/s13100-016-0078-4
Zampella J.G., Rodic N., Yang W.R., Huang C.R.L., Welch J., Gnanakkan V.P., Cornish T.C., Boeke J.D., Burns K.H.
A map of mobile DNA insertions in the NCI-60 human cancer cell panel.
Mob. DNA 7:20-20(2016)

PubMed=28196595; DOI=10.1016/j.ccell.2017.01.005
Li J., Zhao W., Akbani R., Liu W., Ju Z., Ling S., Vellano C.P., Roebuck P., Yu Q., Eterovic A.K., Byers L.A., Davies M.A., Deng W., Gopal Y.N.V., Chen G., von Euw E.M., Slamon D.J., Conklin D., Heymach J.V., Gazdar A.F., Minna J.D., Myers J.N., Lu Y., Mills G.B., Liang H.
Characterization of human cancer cell lines by reverse-phase protein arrays.
Cancer Cell 31:225-239(2017)

Cross-references
Cell line collections ATCC; HTB-68
CLS; 300423/NA - Discontinued
KCLB; 30068
NCI-DTP; SK-MEL-2
Cell line databases/resources CCLE; SKMEL2_SKIN
CGH-DB; 9322-4
Cosmic-CLP; 905955
GDSC; 905955
LINCS_LDP; LCL-1256
SKY/M-FISH/CGH; 2820
Ontologies BTO; BTO:0003476
CLO; CLO_0009041
EFO; EFO_0002079
Biological sample resources BioSample; SAMN03471882
BioSample; SAMN03472752
Chemistry resources ChEMBL-Cells; CHEMBL3307743
ChEMBL-Targets; CHEMBL614917
Gene expression databases GEO; GSM2109
GEO; GSM50204
GEO; GSM50266
GEO; GSM188225
GEO; GSM188255
GEO; GSM188314
GEO; GSM750824
GEO; GSM799356
GEO; GSM799419
GEO; GSM847115
GEO; GSM844688
GEO; GSM844689
GEO; GSM887585
GEO; GSM888668
GEO; GSM1153426
GEO; GSM1181281
GEO; GSM1181359
GEO; GSM1670437
GEO; GSM2124650
Polymorphism and mutation databases Cosmic; 724824
Cosmic; 875885
Cosmic; 897468
Cosmic; 905235
Cosmic; 905955
Cosmic; 974073
Cosmic; 974257
Cosmic; 1006555
Cosmic; 1022288
Cosmic; 1044266
Cosmic; 1045411
Cosmic; 1067222
Cosmic; 1092632
Cosmic; 1132585
Cosmic; 1155283
Cosmic; 1175871
Cosmic; 1303053
Cosmic; 1305367
Cosmic; 1458964
Cosmic; 1459662
Cosmic; 1477419
Cosmic; 1669129
Cosmic; 1995633
Cosmic; 1998475
Cosmic; 2159450
Cosmic; 2479250