ID   SK-MEL-31
AC   CVCL_0600
SY   Sk-Mel-31; SKMEL-31; SKMel-31; SkMel31; SKMEL31; AX-Mel
DR   CLO; CLO_0009046
DR   EFO; EFO_0006489
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2706
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2770
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-3610
DR   ATCC; HTB-73
DR   BioSample; SAMN03472881
DR   BioSample; SAMN10988127
DR   CCLE; SKMEL31_SKIN
DR   Cell_Model_Passport; SIDM01104
DR   Cosmic; 688054
DR   Cosmic; 851406
DR   Cosmic; 932998
DR   Cosmic; 933113
DR   Cosmic; 1022273
DR   Cosmic; 1047689
DR   Cosmic; 1102384
DR   Cosmic; 1459643
DR   Cosmic; 1669147
DR   Cosmic; 2159444
DR   Cosmic; 2479254
DR   Cosmic-CLP; 909727
DR   DepMap; ACH-000640
DR   GDSC; 909727
DR   GEO; GSM156033
DR   GEO; GSM276762
DR   GEO; GSM887587
DR   GEO; GSM888670
DR   GEO; GSM1670442
DR   KCLB; 30073
DR   LiGeA; CCLE_731
DR   Lonza; 1344
DR   Wikidata; Q54954067
RX   DOI=10.1007/978-1-4615-7228-2_39;
RX   PubMed=978138;
RX   PubMed=1067619;
RX   PubMed=2784858;
RX   PubMed=3473501;
RX   PubMed=3518877;
RX   PubMed=6582512;
RX   PubMed=6864164;
RX   PubMed=6933476;
RX   PubMed=7017212;
RX   PubMed=7175440;
RX   PubMed=17260012;
RX   PubMed=21725359;
RX   PubMed=22460905;
RX   PubMed=23285177;
RX   PubMed=24576830;
RX   PubMed=25485619;
RX   PubMed=27397505;
RX   PubMed=28196595;
RX   PubMed=30894373;
RX   PubMed=31068700;
WW   https://www.mskcc.org/research-advantage/support/technology/tangible-material/human-melanoma-cell-line-sk-mel-31
WW   http://tcpaportal.org/mclp/
CC   Part of: Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project.
CC   Part of: COSMIC cell lines project.
CC   Part of: MD Anderson Cell Lines Project.
CC   From: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; New York; USA.
CC   Registration: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Office of Technology Development; SK1980-527.
CC   Characteristics: Non-pigmented (PubMed=3473501).
CC   Microsatellite instability: Stable (MSS) (Sanger).
CC   Sequence variation: BRAF p.Val600Glu (c.1799T>A) (PubMed=17260012).
CC   Sequence variation: Homozygous for CDKN2A deletion (PubMed=17260012).
CC   Sequence variation: Homozygous for PTEN deletion (PubMed=17260012).
CC   Omics: Array-based CGH.
CC   Omics: Deep exome analysis.
CC   Omics: Deep RNAseq analysis.
CC   Omics: DNA methylation analysis.
CC   Omics: Protein expression by reverse-phase protein arrays.
CC   Omics: SNP array analysis.
CC   Omics: Transcriptome analysis.
CC   Genome ancestry: African=3.89%; Native American=0.03%; East Asian, North=4.7%; East Asian, South=0%; South Asian=4.17%; European, North=26.77%; European, South=60.44% (PubMed=30894373).
CC   Discontinued: KCLB; 30073; probable.
ST   Source(s): ATCC; Cosmic-CLP; PubMed=25877200
ST   Amelogenin: X
ST   CSF1PO: 10
ST   D13S317: 12
ST   D16S539: 13
ST   D18S51: 15
ST   D21S11: 30,32.2
ST   D3S1358: 17,18
ST   D5S818: 11,13
ST   D7S820: 10
ST   D8S1179: 12,14
ST   FGA: 24
ST   Penta D: 9
ST   Penta E: 12,18
ST   TH01: 6,9
ST   TPOX: 8,11
ST   vWA: 16,18
DI   NCIt; C3510; Cutaneous melanoma
OX   NCBI_TaxID=9606; ! Homo sapiens
SX   Female
AG   33Y
CA   Cancer cell line
DT   Created: 04-04-12; Last updated: 05-07-19; Version: 26
//
RX   DOI=10.1007/978-1-4615-7228-2_39;
RA   Houghton A.N., Oettgen H.F., Old L.J.;
RT   "Malignant melanoma. Current status of the search for melanoma-specific
RT   antigens.";
RL   (In) Immunodermatology. Comprehensive Immunology, Vol 7; Safai B., Good R.A. (eds.); pp.557-576; Springer; Boston (1981).
//
RX   PubMed=978138; DOI=10.1084/jem.144.4.873;
RA   Shiku H., Takahashi T., Oettgen H.F., Old L.J.;
RT   "Cell surface antigens of human malignant melanoma. II. Serological
RT   typing with immune adherence assays and definition of two new surface
RT   antigens.";
RL   J. Exp. Med. 144:873-881(1976).
//
RX   PubMed=1067619; DOI=10.1073/pnas.73.9.3278;
RA   Carey T.E., Takahashi T., Resnick L.A., Oettgen H.F., Old L.J.;
RT   "Cell surface antigens of human malignant melanoma: mixed
RT   hemadsorption assays for humoral immunity to cultured autologous
RT   melanoma cells.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 73:3278-3282(1976).
//
RX   PubMed=2784858; DOI=10.1073/pnas.86.8.2804;
RA   Knuth A., Wolfel T., Klehmann E., Boon T.,
RA   Meyer zum Buschenfelde K.-H.;
RT   "Cytolytic T-cell clones against an autologous human melanoma:
RT   specificity study and definition of three antigens by
RT   immunoselection.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:2804-2808(1989).
//
RX   PubMed=3473501; DOI=10.1073/pnas.84.12.4200;
RA   Welt S., Mattes M.J., Grando R., Thomson T.M., Leonard R.W.,
RA   Zanzonico P.B., Bigler R.E., Yeh S., Oettgen H.F., Old L.J.;
RT   "Monoclonal antibody to an intracellular antigen images human melanoma
RT   transplants in nu/nu mice.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 84:4200-4204(1987).
//
RX   PubMed=3518877; DOI=10.3109/07357908609038260;
RA   Fogh J.;
RT   "Human tumor lines for cancer research.";
RL   Cancer Invest. 4:157-184(1986).
//
RX   PubMed=6582512; DOI=10.1073/pnas.81.2.568;
RA   Mattes M.J., Cordon-Cardo C., Lewis J.L. Jr., Old L.J., Lloyd K.O.;
RT   "Cell surface antigens of human ovarian and endometrial carcinoma
RT   defined by mouse monoclonal antibodies.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81:568-572(1984).
//
RX   PubMed=6864164; DOI=10.1084/jem.158.1.53;
RA   Houghton A.N., Brooks H., Cote R.J., Taormina M.C., Oettgen H.F.,
RA   Old L.J.;
RT   "Detection of cell surface and intracellular antigens by human
RT   monoclonal antibodies. Hybrid cell lines derived from lymphocytes of
RT   patients with malignant melanoma.";
RL   J. Exp. Med. 158:53-65(1983).
//
RX   PubMed=6933476; DOI=10.1073/pnas.77.7.4260;
RA   Houghton A.N., Taormina M.C., Ikeda H., Watanabe T., Oettgen H.F.,
RA   Old L.J.;
RT   "Serological survey of normal humans for natural antibody to cell
RT   surface antigens of melanoma.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:4260-4264(1980).
//
RX   PubMed=7017212; DOI=10.1093/jnci/66.6.1003;
RA   Pollack M.S., Heagney S.D., Livingston P.O., Fogh J.;
RT   "HLA-A, B, C and DR alloantigen expression on forty-six cultured human
RT   tumor cell lines.";
RL   J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 66:1003-1012(1981).
//
RX   PubMed=7175440; DOI=10.1084/jem.156.6.1755;
RA   Houghton A.N., Eisinger M., Albino A.P., Cairncross J.G., Old L.J.;
RT   "Surface antigens of melanocytes and melanomas. Markers of melanocyte
RT   differentiation and melanoma subsets.";
RL   J. Exp. Med. 156:1755-1766(1982).
//
RX   PubMed=17260012; DOI=10.1038/sj.onc.1210252;
RA   Jonsson G., Dahl C., Staaf J., Sandberg T., Bendahl P.-O., Ringner M.,
RA   Guldberg P., Borg A.;
RT   "Genomic profiling of malignant melanoma using tiling-resolution
RT   arrayCGH.";
RL   Oncogene 26:4738-4748(2007).
//
RX   PubMed=21725359; DOI=10.1038/onc.2011.250;
RA   Xing F., Persaud Y., Pratilas C.A., Taylor B.S., Janakiraman M.,
RA   She Q.-B., Gallardo H., Liu C., Merghoub T., Hefter B., Dolgalev I.,
RA   Viale A.J., Heguy A., de Stanchina E., Cobrinik D., Bollag G.,
RA   Wolchok J.D., Houghton A.N., Solit D.B.;
RT   "Concurrent loss of the PTEN and RB1 tumor suppressors attenuates RAF
RT   dependence in melanomas harboring (V600E)BRAF.";
RL   Oncogene 31:446-457(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=22460905; DOI=10.1038/nature11003;
RA   Barretina J.G., Caponigro G., Stransky N., Venkatesan K., Margolin A.A.,
RA   Kim S., Wilson C.J., Lehar J., Kryukov G.V., Sonkin D., Reddy A.,
RA   Liu M., Murray L., Berger M.F., Monahan J.E., Morais P., Meltzer J.,
RA   Korejwa A., Jane-Valbuena J., Mapa F.A., Thibault J., Bric-Furlong E.,
RA   Raman P., Shipway A., Engels I.H., Cheng J., Yu G.K., Yu J.,
RA   Aspesi P. Jr., de Silva M., Jagtap K., Jones M.D., Wang L., Hatton C.,
RA   Palescandolo E., Gupta S., Mahan S., Sougnez C., Onofrio R.C.,
RA   Liefeld T., MacConaill L.E., Winckler W., Reich M., Li N., Mesirov J.P.,
RA   Gabriel S.B., Getz G., Ardlie K., Chan V., Myer V.E., Weber B.L.,
RA   Porter J., Warmuth M., Finan P., Harris J.L., Meyerson M., Golub T.R.,
RA   Morrissey M.P., Sellers W.R., Schlegel R., Garraway L.A.;
RT   "The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling of
RT   anticancer drug sensitivity.";
RL   Nature 483:603-607(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=23285177; DOI=10.1371/journal.pone.0052760;
RA   Schayowitz A., Bertenshaw G., Jeffries E., Schatz T., Cotton J.,
RA   Villanueva J., Herlyn M., Krepler C., Vultur A., Xu W., Yu G.H.,
RA   Schuchter L.M., Clark D.P.;
RT   "Functional profiling of live melanoma samples using a novel automated
RT   platform.";
RL   PLoS ONE 7:E52760-E52760(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=24576830; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-13-2625;
RA   Nissan M.H., Pratilas C.A., Jones A.M., Ramirez R., Won H., Liu C.,
RA   Tiwari S., Kong L., Hanrahan A.J., Yao Z., Merghoub T., Ribas A.,
RA   Chapman P.B., Yaeger R., Taylor B.S., Schultz N., Berger M.F.,
RA   Rosen N., Solit D.B.;
RT   "Loss of NF1 in cutaneous melanoma is associated with RAS activation
RT   and MEK dependence.";
RL   Cancer Res. 74:2340-2350(2014).
//
RX   PubMed=25485619; DOI=10.1038/nbt.3080;
RA   Klijn C., Durinck S., Stawiski E.W., Haverty P.M., Jiang Z., Liu H.,
RA   Degenhardt J., Mayba O., Gnad F., Liu J., Pau G., Reeder J., Cao Y.,
RA   Mukhyala K., Selvaraj S.K., Yu M., Zynda G.J., Brauer M.J., Wu T.D.,
RA   Gentleman R.C., Manning G., Yauch R.L., Bourgon R., Stokoe D.,
RA   Modrusan Z., Neve R.M., de Sauvage F.J., Settleman J., Seshagiri S.,
RA   Zhang Z.;
RT   "A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell
RT   lines.";
RL   Nat. Biotechnol. 33:306-312(2015).
//
RX   PubMed=27397505; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2016.06.017;
RA   Iorio F., Knijnenburg T.A., Vis D.J., Bignell G.R., Menden M.P.,
RA   Schubert M., Aben N., Goncalves E., Barthorpe S., Lightfoot H.,
RA   Cokelaer T., Greninger P., van Dyk E., Chang H., de Silva H., Heyn H.,
RA   Deng X., Egan R.K., Liu Q., Mironenko T., Mitropoulos X.,
RA   Richardson L., Wang J., Zhang T., Moran S., Sayols S., Soleimani M.,
RA   Tamborero D., Lopez-Bigas N., Ross-Macdonald P., Esteller M.,
RA   Gray N.S., Haber D.A., Stratton M.R., Benes C.H., Wessels L.F.A.,
RA   Saez-Rodriguez J., McDermott U., Garnett M.J.;
RT   "A landscape of pharmacogenomic interactions in cancer.";
RL   Cell 166:740-754(2016).
//
RX   PubMed=28196595; DOI=10.1016/j.ccell.2017.01.005;
RA   Li J., Zhao W., Akbani R., Liu W., Ju Z., Ling S., Vellano C.P.,
RA   Roebuck P., Yu Q., Eterovic A.K., Byers L.A., Davies M.A., Deng W.,
RA   Gopal Y.N.V., Chen G., von Euw E.M., Slamon D.J., Conklin D.,
RA   Heymach J.V., Gazdar A.F., Minna J.D., Myers J.N., Lu Y., Mills G.B.,
RA   Liang H.;
RT   "Characterization of human cancer cell lines by reverse-phase protein
RT   arrays.";
RL   Cancer Cell 31:225-239(2017).
//
RX   PubMed=30894373; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-2747;
RA   Dutil J., Chen Z., Monteiro A.N., Teer J.K., Eschrich S.A.;
RT   "An interactive resource to probe genetic diversity and estimated
RT   ancestry in cancer cell lines.";
RL   Cancer Res. 79:1263-1273(2019).
//
RX   PubMed=31068700; DOI=10.1038/s41586-019-1186-3;
RA   Ghandi M., Huang F.W., Jane-Valbuena J., Kryukov G.V., Lo C.C.,
RA   McDonald E.R. III, Barretina J., Gelfand E.T., Bielski C.M., Li H.,
RA   Hu K., Andreev-Drakhlin A.Y., Kim J., Hess J.M., Haas B.J., Aguet F.,
RA   Weir B.A., Rothberg M.V., Paolella B.R., Lawrence M.S., Akbani R.,
RA   Lu Y., Tiv H.L., Gokhale P.C., de Weck A., Mansour A.A., Oh C.,
RA   Shih J., Hadi K., Rosen Y., Bistline J., Venkatesan K., Reddy A.,
RA   Sonkin D., Liu M., Lehar J., Korn J.M., Porter D.A., Jones M.D.,
RA   Golji J., Caponigro G., Taylor J.E., Dunning C.M., Creech A.L.,
RA   Warren A.C., McFarland J.M., Zamanighomi M., Kauffmann A.,
RA   Stransky N., Imielinski M., Maruvka Y.E., Cherniack A.D.,
RA   Tsherniak A., Vazquez F., Jaffe J.D., Lane A.A., Weinstock D.M.,
RA   Johannessen C.M., Morrissey M.P., Stegmeier F., Schlegel R.,
RA   Hahn W.C., Getz G., Mills G.B., Boehm J.S., Golub T.R., Garraway L.A.,
RA   Sellers W.R.;
RT   "Next-generation characterization of the Cancer Cell Line
RT   Encyclopedia.";
RL   Nature 569:503-508(2019).
//