ID   SK-MM-2
AC   CVCL_1699
SY   SK-MM2; SKMM-2; SKMM2
DR   CLO; CLO_0009050
DR   EFO; EFO_0005458
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-783
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2706
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2770
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-3610
DR   ArrayExpress; E-TABM-937
DR   BioSample; SAMN03472942
DR   BioSample; SAMN10988476
DR   CCLE; SKMM2_HAEMATOPOIETIC_AND_LYMPHOID_TISSUE
DR   Cell_Model_Passport; SIDM00391
DR   ChEMBL-Cells; CHEMBL3308277
DR   ChEMBL-Targets; CHEMBL2366232
DR   Cosmic; 720793
DR   Cosmic; 753612
DR   Cosmic; 2081408
DR   Cosmic; 2159573
DR   Cosmic; 2302409
DR   Cosmic; 2367263
DR   Cosmic; 2809766
DR   Cosmic-CLP; 753612
DR   DepMap; ACH-000363
DR   DSMZ; ACC-430
DR   GDSC; 753612
DR   GEO; GSM887591
DR   GEO; GSM888674
DR   GEO; GSM1374882
DR   GEO; GSM1670446
DR   IARC_TP53; 27241
DR   IARC_TP53; 28509
DR   LiGeA; CCLE_323
DR   LINCS_LDP; LCL-2051
DR   PharmacoDB; SKMM2_1403_2019
DR   Progenetix; CVCL_1699
DR   Wikidata; Q54954410
RX   CelloPub=CLPUB00604;
RX   DOI=10.1007/0-306-46877-8_4;
RX   DOI=10.1016/B978-0-12-221970-2.50457-5;
RX   PubMed=2506399;
RX   PubMed=8695815;
RX   PubMed=8943038;
RX   PubMed=10936422;
RX   PubMed=11157491;
RX   PubMed=17692805;
RX   PubMed=18647998;
RX   PubMed=20164919;
RX   PubMed=21173094;
RX   PubMed=22460905;
RX   PubMed=25485619;
RX   PubMed=25688540;
RX   PubMed=25984343;
RX   PubMed=27397505;
RX   PubMed=28196595;
RX   PubMed=30285677;
RX   PubMed=30545397;
RX   PubMed=30894373;
RX   PubMed=31068700;
WW   https://www.mskcc.org/research-advantage/support/technology/tangible-material/human-multiple-myeloma-cell-line-sk-mm-2
WW   https://www.keatslab.org/myeloma-cell-lines/hmcl-characteristics
WW   https://tcpaportal.org/mclp/
CC   Part of: Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project.
CC   Part of: COSMIC cell lines project.
CC   Part of: MD Anderson Cell Lines Project.
CC   From: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; New York; USA.
CC   Registration: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Office of Technology Development; SK1989-002.
CC   Characteristics: Produces Ig kappa.
CC   Doubling time: 60 hours (PubMed=2506399); 85 hours (PubMed=25984343); ~100 hours (DSMZ).
CC   HLA typing: A*30,68; B*49,51; C*07,07 (PubMed=25688540).
CC   Microsatellite instability: Stable (MSS) (Sanger).
CC   Sequence variation: Gene fusion; HGNC; 1582; CCND1 + HGNC; 5477; IGH; Name(s)=IGH-CCND1 (PubMed=8695815).
CC   Sequence variation: Mutation; HGNC; 11998; TP53; Simple; p.Lys132Asn (c.396G>T); ClinVar=VCV000634773; Zygosity=Homozygous (PubMed=21173094; CCLE; Cosmic-CLP).
CC   Omics: Array-based CGH.
CC   Omics: Deep exome analysis.
CC   Omics: Deep RNAseq analysis.
CC   Omics: DNA methylation analysis.
CC   Omics: Protein expression by reverse-phase protein arrays.
CC   Omics: shRNA library screening.
CC   Omics: SNP array analysis.
CC   Omics: Transcriptome analysis.
CC   Genome ancestry: African=3.65%; Native American=0%; East Asian, North=2.84%; East Asian, South=0%; South Asian=3.06%; European, North=38.09%; European, South=52.35% (PubMed=30894373).
CC   Derived from sampling site: Peripheral blood.
ST   Source(s): Cosmic-CLP; DSMZ; PubMed=25877200
ST   Amelogenin: X
ST   CSF1PO: 10,12
ST   D13S317: 10
ST   D16S539: 11
ST   D18S51: 11
ST   D21S11: 30,31.2
ST   D3S1358: 16
ST   D5S818: 9,11
ST   D7S820: 8,11
ST   D8S1179: 12,13
ST   FGA: 21
ST   Penta D: 11,15
ST   Penta E: 10,20
ST   TH01: 6
ST   TPOX: 8,11
ST   vWA: 14,20
DI   NCIt; C3242; Plasma cell myeloma
DI   ORDO; Orphanet_29073; Multiple myeloma
OX   NCBI_TaxID=9606; ! Homo sapiens
SX   Male
AG   54Y
CA   Cancer cell line
DT   Created: 04-04-12; Last updated: 20-05-21; Version: 33
//
RX   CelloPub=CLPUB00604;
RA   Chow S.;
RT   "Targeted capture and sequencing of immunoglobulin rearrangements
RT   in multiple myeloma to enable detection of minimal residual disease.";
RL   Thesis MSc (2017), University of Toronto, Canada.
//
RX   DOI=10.1007/0-306-46877-8_4;
RA   Jernberg-Wiklund H., Nilsson K.;
RT   "Multiple myeloma cell lines.";
RL   (In) Human cell culture. Vol. 3. Cancer Cell Lines part 3; Masters J.R.W., Palsson B.O. (eds.); pp.81-155; Kluwer Academic Publishers; New York (2000).
//
RX   DOI=10.1016/B978-0-12-221970-2.50457-5;
RA   Drexler H.G.;
RT   "The leukemia-lymphoma cell line factsbook.";
RL   (In) ISBN 9780122219702; pp.1-733; Academic Press; London (2001).
//
RX   PubMed=2506399;
RA   Eton O., Scheinberg D.A., Houghton A.N.;
RT   "Establishment and characterization of two human myeloma cell lines
RT   secreting kappa light chains.";
RL   Leukemia 3:729-735(1989).
//
RX   PubMed=8695815; DOI=10.1182/blood.V88.2.674.bloodjournal882674;
RA   Chesi M., Bergsagel P.L., Brents L.A., Smith C.M., Gerhard D.S.,
RA   Kuehl W.M.;
RT   "Dysregulation of cyclin D1 by translocation into an IgH gamma switch
RT   region in two multiple myeloma cell lines.";
RL   Blood 88:674-681(1996).
//
RX   PubMed=8943038; DOI=10.1073/pnas.93.24.13931;
RA   Bergsagel P.L., Chesi M., Nardini E., Brents L.A., Kirby S.L.,
RA   Kuehl W.M.;
RT   "Promiscuous translocations into immunoglobulin heavy chain switch
RT   regions in multiple myeloma.";
RL   Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 93:13931-13936(1996).
//
RX   PubMed=10936422; DOI=10.1016/S0145-2126(99)00195-2;
RA   Drexler H.G., Matsuo Y.;
RT   "Malignant hematopoietic cell lines: in vitro models for the study of
RT   multiple myeloma and plasma cell leukemia.";
RL   Leuk. Res. 24:681-703(2000).
//
RX   PubMed=11157491; DOI=10.1182/blood.V97.3.729;
RA   Chesi M., Brents L.A., Ely S.A., Bais C., Robbiani D.F., Mesri E.A.,
RA   Kuehl W.M., Bergsagel P.L.;
RT   "Activated fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 is an oncogene that
RT   contributes to tumor progression in multiple myeloma.";
RL   Blood 97:729-736(2001).
//
RX   PubMed=17692805; DOI=10.1016/j.ccr.2007.07.003;
RA   Keats J.J., Fonseca R., Chesi M., Schop R., Baker A., Chng W.-J.,
RA   Van Wier S., Tiedemann R., Shi C.-X., Sebag M., Braggio E., Henry T.,
RA   Zhu Y.-X., Fogle H., Price-Troska T.L., Ahmann G.J., Mancini C.,
RA   Brents L.A., Kumar S., Greipp P., Dispenzieri A., Bryant B.,
RA   Mulligan G., Bruhn L., Barrett M.T., Valdez R., Trent J.M.,
RA   Stewart A.K., Carpten J., Bergsagel P.L.;
RT   "Promiscuous mutations activate the noncanonical NF-kappaB pathway in
RT   multiple myeloma.";
RL   Cancer Cell 12:131-144(2007).
//
RX   PubMed=18647998; DOI=10.1093/jncimonographs/lgn011;
RA   Dib A., Gabrea A., Glebov O.K., Bergsagel P.L., Kuehl W.M.;
RT   "Characterization of MYC translocations in multiple myeloma cell
RT   lines.";
RL   J. Natl. Cancer Inst. Monogr. 39:25-31(2008).
//
RX   PubMed=20164919; DOI=10.1038/nature08768;
RA   Bignell G.R., Greenman C.D., Davies H., Butler A.P., Edkins S.,
RA   Andrews J.M., Buck G., Chen L., Beare D., Latimer C., Widaa S.,
RA   Hinton J., Fahey C., Fu B., Swamy S., Dalgliesh G.L., Teh B.T.,
RA   Deloukas P., Yang F., Campbell P.J., Futreal P.A., Stratton M.R.;
RT   "Signatures of mutation and selection in the cancer genome.";
RL   Nature 463:893-898(2010).
//
RX   PubMed=21173094; DOI=10.3324/haematol.2010.033456;
RA   Moreaux J., Klein B., Bataille R., Descamps G., Maiga S., Hose D.,
RA   Goldschmidt H., Jauch A., Reme T., Jourdan M., Amiot M.,
RA   Pellat-Deceunynck C.;
RT   "A high-risk signature for patients with multiple myeloma established
RT   from the molecular classification of human myeloma cell lines.";
RL   Haematologica 96:574-582(2011).
//
RX   PubMed=22460905; DOI=10.1038/nature11003;
RA   Barretina J.G., Caponigro G., Stransky N., Venkatesan K., Margolin A.A.,
RA   Kim S., Wilson C.J., Lehar J., Kryukov G.V., Sonkin D., Reddy A.,
RA   Liu M., Murray L., Berger M.F., Monahan J.E., Morais P., Meltzer J.,
RA   Korejwa A., Jane-Valbuena J., Mapa F.A., Thibault J., Bric-Furlong E.,
RA   Raman P., Shipway A., Engels I.H., Cheng J., Yu G.-Y.K., Yu J.-J.,
RA   Aspesi P. Jr., de Silva M., Jagtap K., Jones M.D., Wang L., Hatton C.,
RA   Palescandolo E., Gupta S., Mahan S., Sougnez C., Onofrio R.C.,
RA   Liefeld T., MacConaill L.E., Winckler W., Reich M., Li N.-X., Mesirov J.P.,
RA   Gabriel S.B., Getz G., Ardlie K., Chan V., Myer V.E., Weber B.L.,
RA   Porter J., Warmuth M., Finan P., Harris J.L., Meyerson M., Golub T.R.,
RA   Morrissey M.P., Sellers W.R., Schlegel R., Garraway L.A.;
RT   "The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling of
RT   anticancer drug sensitivity.";
RL   Nature 483:603-607(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=25485619; DOI=10.1038/nbt.3080;
RA   Klijn C., Durinck S., Stawiski E.W., Haverty P.M., Jiang Z.-S.,
RA   Liu H.-B., Degenhardt J., Mayba O., Gnad F., Liu J.-F., Pau G.,
RA   Reeder J., Cao Y., Mukhyala K., Selvaraj S.K., Yu M.-M., Zynda G.J.,
RA   Brauer M.J., Wu T.D., Gentleman R.C., Manning G., Yauch R.L.,
RA   Bourgon R., Stokoe D., Modrusan Z., Neve R.M., de Sauvage F.J.,
RA   Settleman J., Seshagiri S., Zhang Z.-M.;
RT   "A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell
RT   lines.";
RL   Nat. Biotechnol. 33:306-312(2015).
//
RX   PubMed=25688540; DOI=10.1002/cyto.a.22643;
RA   Maiga S., Brosseau C., Descamps G., Dousset C., Gomez-Bougie P.,
RA   Chiron D., Menoret E., Kervoelen C., Vie H., Cesbron A.,
RA   Moreau-Aubry A., Amiot M., Pellat-Deceunynck C.;
RT   "A simple flow cytometry-based barcode for routine authentication of
RT   multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma cell lines.";
RL   Cytometry A 87:285-288(2015).
//
RX   PubMed=25984343; DOI=10.1038/sdata.2014.35;
RA   Cowley G.S., Weir B.A., Vazquez F., Tamayo P., Scott J.A., Rusin S.,
RA   East-Seletsky A., Ali L.D., Gerath W.F.J., Pantel S.E., Lizotte P.H.,
RA   Jiang G.-Z., Hsiao J., Tsherniak A., Dwinell E., Aoyama S., Okamoto M.,
RA   Harrington W., Gelfand E., Green T.M., Tomko M.J., Gopal S.,
RA   Wong T.C., Li H.-B., Howell S., Stransky N., Liefeld T., Jang D.,
RA   Bistline J., Meyers B.H., Armstrong S.A., Anderson K.C.,
RA   Stegmaier K., Reich M., Pellman D., Boehm J.S., Mesirov J.P.,
RA   Golub T.R., Root D.E., Hahn W.C.;
RT   "Parallel genome-scale loss of function screens in 216 cancer cell
RT   lines for the identification of context-specific genetic
RT   dependencies.";
RL   Sci. Data 1:140035-140035(2014).
//
RX   PubMed=27397505; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2016.06.017;
RA   Iorio F., Knijnenburg T.A., Vis D.J., Bignell G.R., Menden M.P.,
RA   Schubert M., Aben N., Goncalves E., Barthorpe S., Lightfoot H.,
RA   Cokelaer T., Greninger P., van Dyk E., Chang H., de Silva H., Heyn H.,
RA   Deng X., Egan R.K., Liu Q., Mironenko T., Mitropoulos X.,
RA   Richardson L., Wang J., Zhang T., Moran S., Sayols S., Soleimani M.,
RA   Tamborero D., Lopez-Bigas N., Ross-Macdonald P., Esteller M.,
RA   Gray N.S., Haber D.A., Stratton M.R., Benes C.H., Wessels L.F.A.,
RA   Saez-Rodriguez J., McDermott U., Garnett M.J.;
RT   "A landscape of pharmacogenomic interactions in cancer.";
RL   Cell 166:740-754(2016).
//
RX   PubMed=28196595; DOI=10.1016/j.ccell.2017.01.005;
RA   Li J., Zhao W., Akbani R., Liu W.-B., Ju Z.-L., Ling S.-Y., Vellano C.P.,
RA   Roebuck P., Yu Q.-H., Eterovic A.K., Byers L.A., Davies M.A., Deng W.-L.,
RA   Gopal Y.N.V., Chen G., von Euw E.M., Slamon D.J., Conklin D.,
RA   Heymach J.V., Gazdar A.F., Minna J.D., Myers J.N., Lu Y.-L., Mills G.B.,
RA   Liang H.;
RT   "Characterization of human cancer cell lines by reverse-phase protein
RT   arrays.";
RL   Cancer Cell 31:225-239(2017).
//
RX   PubMed=30285677; DOI=10.1186/s12885-018-4840-5;
RA   Tan K.-T., Ding L.-W., Sun Q.-Y., Lao Z.-T., Chien W., Ren X.,
RA   Xiao J.-F., Loh X.-Y., Xu L., Lill M., Mayakonda A., Lin D.-C., Yang H.,
RA   Koeffler H.P.;
RT   "Profiling the B/T cell receptor repertoire of lymphocyte derived cell
RT   lines.";
RL   BMC Cancer 18:940.1-940.13(2018).
//
RX   PubMed=30545397; DOI=10.1186/s13045-018-0679-0;
RA   Tessoulin B., Moreau-Aubry A., Descamps G., Gomez-Bougie P., Maiga S.,
RA   Gaignard A., Chiron D., Menoret E., Le Gouill S., Moreau P., Amiot M.,
RA   Pellat-Deceunynck C.;
RT   "Whole-exon sequencing of human myeloma cell lines shows mutations
RT   related to myeloma patients at relapse with major hits in the DNA
RT   regulation and repair pathways.";
RL   J. Hematol. Oncol. 11:137.1-137.13(2018).
//
RX   PubMed=30894373; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-2747;
RA   Dutil J., Chen Z.-H., Monteiro A.N.A., Teer J.K., Eschrich S.A.;
RT   "An interactive resource to probe genetic diversity and estimated
RT   ancestry in cancer cell lines.";
RL   Cancer Res. 79:1263-1273(2019).
//
RX   PubMed=31068700; DOI=10.1038/s41586-019-1186-3;
RA   Ghandi M., Huang F.W., Jane-Valbuena J., Kryukov G.V., Lo C.C.,
RA   McDonald E.R. III, Barretina J., Gelfand E.T., Bielski C.M., Li H.,
RA   Hu K., Andreev-Drakhlin A.Y., Kim J., Hess J.M., Haas B.J., Aguet F.,
RA   Weir B.A., Rothberg M.V., Paolella B.R., Lawrence M.S., Akbani R.,
RA   Lu Y., Tiv H.L., Gokhale P.C., de Weck A., Mansour A.A., Oh C.,
RA   Shih J., Hadi K., Rosen Y., Bistline J., Venkatesan K., Reddy A.,
RA   Sonkin D., Liu M., Lehar J., Korn J.M., Porter D.A., Jones M.D.,
RA   Golji J., Caponigro G., Taylor J.E., Dunning C.M., Creech A.L.,
RA   Warren A.C., McFarland J.M., Zamanighomi M., Kauffmann A.,
RA   Stransky N., Imielinski M., Maruvka Y.E., Cherniack A.D.,
RA   Tsherniak A., Vazquez F., Jaffe J.D., Lane A.A., Weinstock D.M.,
RA   Johannessen C.M., Morrissey M.P., Stegmeier F., Schlegel R.,
RA   Hahn W.C., Getz G., Mills G.B., Boehm J.S., Golub T.R., Garraway L.A.,
RA   Sellers W.R.;
RT   "Next-generation characterization of the Cancer Cell Line
RT   Encyclopedia.";
RL   Nature 569:503-508(2019).
//