ID   HCC44
AC   CVCL_2060
SY   HCC-44; HCC0044
DR   EFO; EFO_0003133
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2706
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-2770
DR   ArrayExpress; E-MTAB-3610
DR   BioSample; SAMN03473080
DR   BioSample; SAMN03473528
DR   BioSample; SAMN10988276
DR   CCLE; HCC44_LUNG
DR   Cell_Model_Passport; SIDM01069
DR   Cosmic; 877254
DR   Cosmic; 903626
DR   Cosmic; 1146937
DR   Cosmic; 1239870
DR   Cosmic; 1995433
DR   Cosmic; 2125202
DR   Cosmic-CLP; 1240145
DR   DepMap; ACH-000667
DR   DSMZ; ACC-534
DR   GDSC; 1240145
DR   GEO; GSM253314
DR   GEO; GSM434321
DR   GEO; GSM794374
DR   GEO; GSM827372
DR   GEO; GSM887056
DR   GEO; GSM888126
DR   GEO; GSM1669860
DR   IARC_TP53; 28359
DR   IARC_TP53; 28435
DR   IGRhCellID; HCC44GEO
DR   KCLB; 70044
DR   LiGeA; CCLE_613
DR   LINCS_LDP; LCL-1606
DR   PharmacoDB; HCC44_459_2019
DR   Progenetix; CVCL_2060
DR   Wikidata; Q54881754
RX   PubMed=10987304;
RX   PubMed=11314036;
RX   PubMed=18083107;
RX   PubMed=19472407;
RX   PubMed=20215515;
RX   PubMed=20679594;
RX   PubMed=22460905;
RX   PubMed=22961666;
RX   PubMed=25485619;
RX   PubMed=25984343;
RX   PubMed=27397505;
RX   PubMed=29681454;
RX   PubMed=30038707;
RX   PubMed=30894373;
RX   PubMed=31068700;
RX   PubMed=31803961;
RX   PubMed=31978347;
WW   http://www.utsouthwestern.edu/edumedia/edufiles/about_us/admin_offices/technology_development/available_technologies/cell-lines.pdf
CC   Part of: Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project.
CC   Part of: COSMIC cell lines project.
CC   Doubling time: 29 hours (PubMed=25984343); 36.8 hours (PubMed=29681454); ~30 hours (DSMZ).
CC   Microsatellite instability: Stable (MSS) (Sanger).
CC   Sequence variation: Mutation; HGNC; 6407; KRAS; Simple; p.Gly12Cys (c.34G>T); ClinVar=VCV000012578; Zygosity=Homozygous (CCLE; Cosmic-CLP).
CC   Sequence variation: Mutation; HGNC; 11730; TERT; Simple; c.1-124C>A (c.228C>A) (C228A); Zygosity=Unspecified; Note=In promoter (PubMed=31068700).
CC   Sequence variation: Mutation; HGNC; 11998; TP53; Simple; p.Ser94Ter (c.281C>G); Zygosity=Homozygous (CCLE; Cosmic-CLP).
CC   Sequence variation: Mutation; HGNC; 11998; TP53; Simple; p.Arg175Leu (c.524G>T); ClinVar=VCV000182963; Zygosity=Homozygous (CCLE; Cosmic-CLP).
CC   Omics: Deep exome analysis.
CC   Omics: Deep quantitative proteome analysis.
CC   Omics: Deep RNAseq analysis.
CC   Omics: DNA methylation analysis.
CC   Omics: Protein expression by reverse-phase protein arrays.
CC   Omics: shRNA library screening.
CC   Omics: SNP array analysis.
CC   Omics: Transcriptome analysis.
CC   Genome ancestry: African=0%; Native American=0%; East Asian, North=2.25%; East Asian, South=0%; South Asian=0%; European, North=61.76%; European, South=35.99% (PubMed=30894373).
CC   Miscellaneous: Direct author submission of STR profile from Girard L. and Gazdar A.F.
ST   Source(s): Cosmic-CLP; Direct_author_submission; DSMZ; KCLB; PubMed=20679594; PubMed=25877200
ST   Amelogenin: X
ST   CSF1PO: 9,11
ST   D10S1248: 13,14
ST   D12S391: 20
ST   D13S317: 11
ST   D16S539: 9,13
ST   D18S51: 17
ST   D19S433: 14,16
ST   D1S1656: 16
ST   D21S11: 28,32.2 (Direct_author_submission)
ST   D21S11: 28,32.2,33.2 (PubMed=25877200)
ST   D22S1045: 14,15
ST   D2S1338: 17
ST   D2S441: 14
ST   D3S1358: 14,15
ST   D5S818: 11,13
ST   D7S820: 8,10
ST   D8S1179: 14,15
ST   FGA: 24
ST   Penta D: 12
ST   Penta E: 10,12
ST   TH01: 9
ST   TPOX: 8,12 (Cosmic-CLP; Direct_author_submission; DSMZ; KCLB; PubMed=20679594)
ST   TPOX: 12 (PubMed=25877200)
ST   vWA: 15
DI   NCIt; C3512; Lung adenocarcinoma
OX   NCBI_TaxID=9606; ! Homo sapiens
OI   CVCL_L065 ! HCC44 BL
SX   Female
AG   54Y
CA   Cancer cell line
DT   Created: 04-04-12; Last updated: 20-05-21; Version: 30
//
RX   PubMed=10987304;
RA   Girard L., Zochbauer-Muller S., Virmani A.K., Gazdar A.F., Minna J.D.;
RT   "Genome-wide allelotyping of lung cancer identifies new regions of
RT   allelic loss, differences between small cell lung cancer and non-small
RT   cell lung cancer, and loci clustering.";
RL   Cancer Res. 60:4894-4906(2000).
//
RX   PubMed=11314036; DOI=10.1038/sj.onc.1204211;
RA   Forgacs E., Wren J.D., Kamibayashi C., Kondo M., Xu X.L.,
RA   Markowitz S.D., Tomlinson G.E., Muller C.Y., Gazdar A.F., Garner H.R.,
RA   Minna J.D.;
RT   "Searching for microsatellite mutations in coding regions in lung,
RT   breast, ovarian and colorectal cancers.";
RL   Oncogene 20:1005-1009(2001).
//
RX   PubMed=18083107; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2007.11.025;
RA   Rikova K., Guo A., Zeng Q., Possemato A., Yu J., Haack H., Nardone J.,
RA   Lee K., Reeves C., Li Y., Hu Y., Tan Z., Stokes M., Sullivan L.,
RA   Mitchell J., Wetzel R., Macneill J., Ren J.M., Yuan J.,
RA   Bakalarski C.E., Villen J., Kornhauser J.M., Smith B., Li D., Zhou X.,
RA   Gygi S.P., Gu T.-L., Polakiewicz R.D., Rush J., Comb M.J.;
RT   "Global survey of phosphotyrosine signaling identifies oncogenic
RT   kinases in lung cancer.";
RL   Cell 131:1190-1203(2007).
//
RX   PubMed=19472407; DOI=10.1002/humu.21028;
RA   Blanco R., Iwakawa R., Tang M., Kohno T., Angulo B., Pio R.,
RA   Montuenga L.M., Minna J.D., Yokota J., Sanchez-Cespedes M.;
RT   "A gene-alteration profile of human lung cancer cell lines.";
RL   Hum. Mutat. 30:1199-1206(2009).
//
RX   PubMed=20215515; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-3458;
RA   Rothenberg S.M., Mohapatra G., Rivera M.N., Winokur D., Greninger P.,
RA   Nitta M., Sadow P.M., Sooriyakumar G., Brannigan B.W., Ulman M.J.,
RA   Perera R.M., Wang R., Tam A., Ma X.-J., Erlander M., Sgroi D.C.,
RA   Rocco J.W., Lingen M.W., Cohen E.E.W., Louis D.N., Settleman J.,
RA   Haber D.A.;
RT   "A genome-wide screen for microdeletions reveals disruption of
RT   polarity complex genes in diverse human cancers.";
RL   Cancer Res. 70:2158-2164(2010).
//
RX   PubMed=20679594; DOI=10.1093/jnci/djq279;
RA   Gazdar A.F., Girard L., Lockwood W.W., Lam W.L., Minna J.D.;
RT   "Lung cancer cell lines as tools for biomedical discovery and
RT   research.";
RL   J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 102:1310-1321(2010).
//
RX   PubMed=22460905; DOI=10.1038/nature11003;
RA   Barretina J.G., Caponigro G., Stransky N., Venkatesan K., Margolin A.A.,
RA   Kim S., Wilson C.J., Lehar J., Kryukov G.V., Sonkin D., Reddy A.,
RA   Liu M., Murray L., Berger M.F., Monahan J.E., Morais P., Meltzer J.,
RA   Korejwa A., Jane-Valbuena J., Mapa F.A., Thibault J., Bric-Furlong E.,
RA   Raman P., Shipway A., Engels I.H., Cheng J., Yu G.-Y.K., Yu J.-J.,
RA   Aspesi P. Jr., de Silva M., Jagtap K., Jones M.D., Wang L., Hatton C.,
RA   Palescandolo E., Gupta S., Mahan S., Sougnez C., Onofrio R.C.,
RA   Liefeld T., MacConaill L.E., Winckler W., Reich M., Li N.-X., Mesirov J.P.,
RA   Gabriel S.B., Getz G., Ardlie K., Chan V., Myer V.E., Weber B.L.,
RA   Porter J., Warmuth M., Finan P., Harris J.L., Meyerson M., Golub T.R.,
RA   Morrissey M.P., Sellers W.R., Schlegel R., Garraway L.A.;
RT   "The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling of
RT   anticancer drug sensitivity.";
RL   Nature 483:603-607(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=22961666; DOI=10.1158/2159-8290.CD-12-0112;
RA   Byers L.A., Wang J., Nilsson M.B., Fujimoto J., Saintigny P.,
RA   Yordy J., Giri U., Peyton M., Fan Y.-H., Diao L.-X., Masrorpour F.,
RA   Shen L., Liu W.-B., Duchemann B., Tumula P., Bhardwaj V., Welsh J.,
RA   Weber S., Glisson B.S., Kalhor N., Wistuba I.I., Girard L.,
RA   Lippman S.M., Mills G.B., Coombes K.R., Weinstein J.N., Minna J.D.,
RA   Heymach J.V.;
RT   "Proteomic profiling identifies dysregulated pathways in small cell
RT   lung cancer and novel therapeutic targets including PARP1.";
RL   Cancer Discov. 2:798-811(2012).
//
RX   PubMed=25485619; DOI=10.1038/nbt.3080;
RA   Klijn C., Durinck S., Stawiski E.W., Haverty P.M., Jiang Z.-S.,
RA   Liu H.-B., Degenhardt J., Mayba O., Gnad F., Liu J.-F., Pau G.,
RA   Reeder J., Cao Y., Mukhyala K., Selvaraj S.K., Yu M.-M., Zynda G.J.,
RA   Brauer M.J., Wu T.D., Gentleman R.C., Manning G., Yauch R.L.,
RA   Bourgon R., Stokoe D., Modrusan Z., Neve R.M., de Sauvage F.J.,
RA   Settleman J., Seshagiri S., Zhang Z.-M.;
RT   "A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell
RT   lines.";
RL   Nat. Biotechnol. 33:306-312(2015).
//
RX   PubMed=25984343; DOI=10.1038/sdata.2014.35;
RA   Cowley G.S., Weir B.A., Vazquez F., Tamayo P., Scott J.A., Rusin S.,
RA   East-Seletsky A., Ali L.D., Gerath W.F.J., Pantel S.E., Lizotte P.H.,
RA   Jiang G.-Z., Hsiao J., Tsherniak A., Dwinell E., Aoyama S., Okamoto M.,
RA   Harrington W., Gelfand E., Green T.M., Tomko M.J., Gopal S.,
RA   Wong T.C., Li H.-B., Howell S., Stransky N., Liefeld T., Jang D.,
RA   Bistline J., Meyers B.H., Armstrong S.A., Anderson K.C.,
RA   Stegmaier K., Reich M., Pellman D., Boehm J.S., Mesirov J.P.,
RA   Golub T.R., Root D.E., Hahn W.C.;
RT   "Parallel genome-scale loss of function screens in 216 cancer cell
RT   lines for the identification of context-specific genetic
RT   dependencies.";
RL   Sci. Data 1:140035-140035(2014).
//
RX   PubMed=27397505; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2016.06.017;
RA   Iorio F., Knijnenburg T.A., Vis D.J., Bignell G.R., Menden M.P.,
RA   Schubert M., Aben N., Goncalves E., Barthorpe S., Lightfoot H.,
RA   Cokelaer T., Greninger P., van Dyk E., Chang H., de Silva H., Heyn H.,
RA   Deng X., Egan R.K., Liu Q., Mironenko T., Mitropoulos X.,
RA   Richardson L., Wang J., Zhang T., Moran S., Sayols S., Soleimani M.,
RA   Tamborero D., Lopez-Bigas N., Ross-Macdonald P., Esteller M.,
RA   Gray N.S., Haber D.A., Stratton M.R., Benes C.H., Wessels L.F.A.,
RA   Saez-Rodriguez J., McDermott U., Garnett M.J.;
RT   "A landscape of pharmacogenomic interactions in cancer.";
RL   Cell 166:740-754(2016).
//
RX   PubMed=29681454; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2018.03.028;
RA   McMillan E.A., Ryu M.-J., Diep C.H., Mendiratta S., Clemenceau J.R.,
RA   Vaden R.M., Kim J.-H., Motoyaji T., Covington K.R., Peyton M.,
RA   Huffman K., Wu X.-F., Girard L., Sung Y., Chen P.-H., Mallipeddi P.L.,
RA   Lee J.Y., Hanson J., Voruganti S., Yu Y., Park S., Sudderth J.,
RA   DeSevo C., Muzny D.M., Doddapaneni H., Gazdar A.F., Gibbs R.A.,
RA   Hwang T.-H., Heymach J.V., Wistuba I.I., Coombes K.R., Williams N.S.,
RA   Wheeler D.A., MacMillan J.B., Deberardinis R.J., Roth M.G.,
RA   Posner B.A., Minna J.D., Kim H.S., White M.A.;
RT   "Chemistry-first approach for nomination of personalized treatment in
RT   lung cancer.";
RL   Cell 173:864-878.e29(2018).
//
RX   PubMed=30038707; DOI=10.18632/oncotarget.25642;
RA   Du L.-Q., Zhao Z.-Z., Suraokar M., Shelton S.S., Ma X.-Y., Hsiao T.-H.,
RA   Minna J.D., Wistuba I.I., Pertsemlidis A.;
RT   "LMO1 functions as an oncogene by regulating TTK expression and
RT   correlates with neuroendocrine differentiation of lung cancer.";
RL   Oncotarget 9:29601-29618(2018).
//
RX   PubMed=30894373; DOI=10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-2747;
RA   Dutil J., Chen Z.-H., Monteiro A.N.A., Teer J.K., Eschrich S.A.;
RT   "An interactive resource to probe genetic diversity and estimated
RT   ancestry in cancer cell lines.";
RL   Cancer Res. 79:1263-1273(2019).
//
RX   PubMed=31068700; DOI=10.1038/s41586-019-1186-3;
RA   Ghandi M., Huang F.W., Jane-Valbuena J., Kryukov G.V., Lo C.C.,
RA   McDonald E.R. III, Barretina J., Gelfand E.T., Bielski C.M., Li H.,
RA   Hu K., Andreev-Drakhlin A.Y., Kim J., Hess J.M., Haas B.J., Aguet F.,
RA   Weir B.A., Rothberg M.V., Paolella B.R., Lawrence M.S., Akbani R.,
RA   Lu Y., Tiv H.L., Gokhale P.C., de Weck A., Mansour A.A., Oh C.,
RA   Shih J., Hadi K., Rosen Y., Bistline J., Venkatesan K., Reddy A.,
RA   Sonkin D., Liu M., Lehar J., Korn J.M., Porter D.A., Jones M.D.,
RA   Golji J., Caponigro G., Taylor J.E., Dunning C.M., Creech A.L.,
RA   Warren A.C., McFarland J.M., Zamanighomi M., Kauffmann A.,
RA   Stransky N., Imielinski M., Maruvka Y.E., Cherniack A.D.,
RA   Tsherniak A., Vazquez F., Jaffe J.D., Lane A.A., Weinstock D.M.,
RA   Johannessen C.M., Morrissey M.P., Stegmeier F., Schlegel R.,
RA   Hahn W.C., Getz G., Mills G.B., Boehm J.S., Golub T.R., Garraway L.A.,
RA   Sellers W.R.;
RT   "Next-generation characterization of the Cancer Cell Line
RT   Encyclopedia.";
RL   Nature 569:503-508(2019).
//
RX   PubMed=31803961; DOI=10.1002/jcb.29564;
RA   Mulshine J.L., Ujhazy P., Antman M., Burgess C.M., Kuzmin I.,
RA   Bunn P.A. Jr., Johnson B.E., Roth J.A., Pass H.I., Ross S.M.,
RA   Aldige C.R., Wistuba I.I., Minna J.D.;
RT   "From clinical specimens to human cancer preclinical models -- a journey
RT   the NCI-cell line database-25 years later.";
RL   J. Cell. Biochem. 121:3986-3999(2020).
//
RX   PubMed=31978347; DOI=10.1016/j.cell.2019.12.023;
RA   Nusinow D.P., Szpyt J., Ghandi M., Rose C.M., McDonald E.R. III,
RA   Kalocsay M., Jane-Valbuena J., Gelfand E., Schweppe D.K.,
RA   Jedrychowski M., Golji J., Porter D.A., Rejtar T., Wang Y.K.,
RA   Kryukov G.V., Stegmeier F., Erickson B.K., Garraway L.A.,
RA   Sellers W.R., Gygi S.P.;
RT   "Quantitative proteomics of the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia.";
RL   Cell 180:387-402.e16(2020).
//