Cellosaurus GR-M (CVCL_2451)

Cell line name GR-M
Synonyms GRM
Accession CVCL_2451
Resource Identification Initiative To cite this cell line use: GR-M (RRID:CVCL_2451)
Comments Problematic cell line: Contaminated. Shown to be a PSN1 derivative (PubMed=25877200). Was originally thought to originate from the thorax of a 36 year old male melanoma patient with skin metastases.
Part of: Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE) project.
Sequence variation: Heterozygous for KRAS p.Gly12Arg (from the parent cell line).
Omics: Deep RNAseq analysis.
Omics: SNP array analysis.
Disease Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (NCIt: C8294)
Species of origin Homo sapiens (Human) (NCBI Taxonomy: 9606)
Hierarchy Parent: CVCL_1644 (PSN1)
Sex of cell Male
Category Cancer cell line
STR profile Source(s): PubMed=25877200

Markers:
AmelogeninX
CSF1PO12
D13S31710
D16S53910,11
D18S5121
D21S1129,30
D3S135815
D5S81811,13
D7S82010
D8S117910,14
FGA23
Penta D9,12
Penta E14,15
TH016
TPOX8,11
vWA17
Publications

PubMed=7780963
Easty D.J., Guthrie B.A., Maung K., Farr C.J., Lindberg R.A., Toso R.J., Herlyn M., Bennett D.C.
Protein B61 as a new growth factor: expression of B61 and up-regulation of its receptor epithelial cell kinase during melanoma progression.
Cancer Res. 55:2528-2532(1995)

PubMed=25485619; DOI=10.1038/nbt.3080
Klijn C., Durinck S., Stawiski E.W., Haverty P.M., Jiang Z., Liu H., Degenhardt J., Mayba O., Gnad F., Liu J., Pau G., Reeder J., Cao Y., Mukhyala K., Selvaraj S.K., Yu M., Zynda G.J., Brauer M.J., Wu T.D., Gentleman R.C., Manning G., Yauch R.L., Bourgon R., Stokoe D., Modrusan Z., Neve R.M., de Sauvage F.J., Settleman J., Seshagiri S., Zhang Z.
A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell lines.
Nat. Biotechnol. 33:306-312(2015)

PubMed=25877200; DOI=10.1038/nature14397
Yu M., Selvaraj S.K., Liang-Chu M.M.Y., Aghajani S., Busse M., Yuan J., Lee G., Peale F., Klijn C., Bourgon R., Kaminker J.S., Neve R.M.
A resource for cell line authentication, annotation and quality control.
Nature 520:307-311(2015)

Cross-references
Cell line collections ECACC; 95032301
Cell line databases/resources CLDB; cl1513
CCLE; GRM_SKIN
ESTDAB; ESTDAB-036 - Discontinued
Ontologies CLO; CLO_0003564
EFO; EFO_0006577
Biological sample resources BioSample; SAMN03472907
Polymorphism and mutation databases Cosmic; 2163785