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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P05067: Variant p.Ala692Gly

Amyloid-beta precursor protein
Gene: APP
Variant information

Variant position:  692
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Glycine (G) at position 692 (A692G, p.Ala692Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In AD1; Flemish mutation; increases the solubility of processed amyloid-beta peptides and increases the stability of peptide oligomers.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  692
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  770
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DAEFRHD----------------SGYEVHHQKLVFFAEDVGSNKGAIIGLMVGGVVI

Chimpanzee                    DAEFRHD----------------SGYEVHHQKLVFFAEDVG

Mouse                         DAEFGHD----------------SGFEVRHQKLVFFAEDVG

Rat                           DAEFGHD----------------SGFEVRHQKLVFFAEDVG

Pig                           DAEFRHD----------------SGYEVHHQKLVFFAEDVG

Caenorhabditis elegans        DIEPIIDEP--------------ASFY-RHDKLIQSPEVER


Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 18 – 770 Amyloid-beta precursor protein
Chain 672 – 770 C99
Chain 672 – 713 Amyloid-beta protein 42
Chain 672 – 711 Amyloid-beta protein 40
Chain 688 – 770 C83
Peptide 688 – 713 P3(42)
Peptide 688 – 711 P3(40)
Chain 691 – 770 C80
Topological domain 18 – 701 Extracellular
Binding site 677 – 677
Binding site 677 – 677
Binding site 681 – 681
Binding site 681 – 681
Binding site 684 – 684
Binding site 684 – 684
Binding site 685 – 685
Binding site 685 – 685
Site 704 – 704 Implicated in free radical propagation
Site 706 – 706 Susceptible to oxidation
Glycosylation 681 – 681 O-linked (HexNAc...) tyrosine; partial
Alternative sequence 306 – 770 Missing. In isoform APP305.
Mutagenesis 676 – 676 R -> G. 60-70% zinc-induced amyloid-beta protein 28 aggregation.
Mutagenesis 681 – 681 Y -> F. 60-70% zinc-induced amyloid-beta protein 28 aggregation.
Mutagenesis 684 – 684 H -> R. Only 23% zinc-induced amyloid-beta protein 28 aggregation.
Mutagenesis 695 – 695 V -> C. Causes formation of an artifactual disulfide bond with PSEN1.
Mutagenesis 704 – 704 G -> V. Reduced protein oxidation. No hippocampal neuron toxicity.
Mutagenesis 706 – 706 M -> L. Reduced lipid peroxidation inhibition.
Mutagenesis 706 – 706 M -> V. No free radical production. No hippocampal neuron toxicity.
Beta strand 692 – 694

Literature citations

Presenile dementia and cerebral haemorrhage linked to a mutation at codon 692 of the beta-amyloid precursor protein gene.
Hendriks L.; van Duijn C.M.; Cras P.; Cruts M.; Van Hul W.; van Harskamp F.; Warren A.; McInnis M.G.; Antonarakis S.E.; Martin J.J.; Hofman A.; Van Broeckhoven C.;
Nat. Genet. 1:218-221(1992)
Cited for: VARIANT AD1 GLY-692;

Presenile Alzheimer dementia characterized by amyloid angiopathy and large amyloid core type senile plaques in the APP 692Ala-->Gly mutation.
Cras P.; van Harskamp F.; Hendriks L.; Ceuterick C.; van Duijn C.M.; Stefanko S.Z.; Hofman A.; Kros J.M.; Van Broeckhoven C.; Martin J.J.;
Acta Neuropathol. 96:253-260(1998)

In vitro studies of amyloid beta-protein fibril assembly and toxicity provide clues to the aetiology of Flemish variant (Ala692-->Gly) Alzheimer's disease.
Walsh D.M.; Hartley D.M.; Condron M.M.; Selkoe D.J.; Teplow D.B.;
Biochem. J. 355:869-877(2001)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.