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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P49748: Variant p.Gly441Asp

Very long-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Gene: ACADVL
Variant information

Variant position:  441
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Aspartate (D) at position 441 (G441D, p.Gly441Asp).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and acidic (D)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In ACADVLD.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  441
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  655
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   FGSEAAWKVTDECIQIMGGM  G FMKEPGVERVLRDLRIFRIF
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         FGSEAAWKVTDECIQIMGGMGFMKEPGVERVLRDLRIFRIF

Mouse                         FCSEAAWKVADECIQIMGGMGFMKEPGVERVLRDIRIFRIF

Rat                           FGSEAAWKVTDECIQIMGGMGFMKEPGVERVLRDIRIFRIF

Bovine                        FGSEAAWKVTDECIQIMGGMGFMKEPGVERVLRDLRIFRIF

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 41 – 655 Very long-chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrial
Region 41 – 482 Catalytic
Mutagenesis 458 – 458 F -> T. Decreased acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. Decreased affinity for acyl-CoA. No effect on FAD cofactor-binding.
Mutagenesis 458 – 458 F -> V. Loss of acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. Loss of FAD cofactor-binding.
Mutagenesis 458 – 458 F -> Y. Decreased acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity. No effect on affinity for acyl-CoA. Decreased FAD cofactor-binding.
Helix 439 – 442


Literature citations

Cloning and characterization of human very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase cDNA, chromosomal assignment of the gene and identification in four patients of nine different mutations within the VLCAD gene.
Andresen B.S.; Bross P.; Vianey-Saban C.; Divry P.; Zabot M.-T.; Roe C.R.; Nada M.A.; Byskov A.; Kruse T.A.; Neve S.; Kristiansen K.; Knudsen I.; Corydon M.J.; Gregersen N.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 5:461-472(1996)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM 1); TISSUE SPECIFICITY; VARIANTS ACADVLD MET-260; ASP-281; ALA-283; ALA-317; CYS-366; GLU-381 DEL; ASP-441 AND ILE-602;

Molecular heterogeneity in very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency causing pediatric cardiomyopathy and sudden death.
Mathur A.; Sims H.F.; Gopalakrishnan D.; Gibson B.; Rinaldo P.; Vockley J.; Hug G.; Strauss A.W.;
Circulation 99:1337-1343(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS ACADVLD GLU-130 DEL; PRO-213; GLU-247; MET-260; LYS-278 DEL; ALA-283; ASP-441; LEU-458; PRO-490; LYS-534; TRP-613 AND GLN-615;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.