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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P05089: Variant p.Gly235Arg

Gene: ARG1
Variant information

Variant position:  235
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Arginine (R) at position 235 (G235R, p.Gly235Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Argininemia (ARGIN) [MIM:207800]: A rare autosomal recessive disorder of the urea cycle. Arginine is elevated in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid, and periodic hyperammonemia occurs. Clinical manifestations include developmental delay, seizures, mental retardation, hypotonia, ataxia and progressive spastic quadriplegia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1463019, ECO:0000269|PubMed:22959135, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23859858, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7649538}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In ARGIN; decreases erythrocyte arginase activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  235
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  322
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 322 Arginase-1
Metal binding 232 – 232 Manganese 1
Metal binding 232 – 232 Manganese 2
Metal binding 234 – 234 Manganese 2
Binding site 246 – 246 Substrate
Modified residue 217 – 217 Phosphoserine
Alternative sequence 204 – 289 Missing. In isoform 3.
Helix 233 – 235

Literature citations

Three novel mutations in the liver-type arginase gene in three unrelated Japanese patients with argininemia.
Uchino T.; Haraguchi Y.; Aparicio J.M.; Mizutani N.; Higashikawa M.; Naitoh H.; Mori M.; Matsuda I.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 51:1406-1412(1992)
Cited for: VARIANT ARGIN ARG-235;

Five novel mutations in ARG1 gene in Chinese patients of argininemia.
Wu T.F.; Liu Y.P.; Li X.Y.; Wang Q.; Ding Y.; Ma Y.Y.; Song J.Q.; Yang Y.L.;
Pediatr. Neurol. 49:119-123(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS ARGIN VAL-125; THR-180 AND ARG-235;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.