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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q03468: Variant p.Pro1042Leu

DNA excision repair protein ERCC-6
Gene: ERCC6
Variant information

Variant position:  1042
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Proline (P) to Leucine (L) at position 1042 (P1042L, p.Pro1042Leu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are medium size and hydrophobic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Cockayne syndrome B (CSB) [MIM:133540]: A rare disorder characterized by cutaneous sensitivity to sunlight, abnormal and slow growth, cachectic dwarfism, progeroid appearance, progressive pigmentary retinopathy and sensorineural deafness. There is delayed neural development and severe progressive neurologic degeneration resulting in mental retardation. Two clinical forms are recognized: in the classical form or Cockayne syndrome type 1, the symptoms are progressive and typically become apparent within the first few years or life; the less common Cockayne syndrome type 2 is characterized by more severe symptoms that manifest prenatally. Cockayne syndrome shows some overlap with certain forms of xeroderma pigmentosum. Unlike xeroderma pigmentosum, patients with Cockayne syndrome do not manifest increased freckling and other pigmentation abnormalities in the skin and have no significant increase in skin cancer. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10447254, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19894250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25820262, ECO:0000269|PubMed:29203878, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9443879}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In CSB.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  1042
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1493
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.



Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 1493 DNA excision repair protein ERCC-6
Modified residue 1054 – 1054 N6-methylated lysine; by EHMT2

Literature citations

Molecular analysis of mutations in the CSB (ERCC6) gene in patients with Cockayne syndrome.
Mallery D.L.; Tanganelli B.; Colella S.; Steingrimsdottir H.; van Gool A.J.; Troelstra C.; Stefanini M.; Lehmann A.R.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:77-85(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS CSB TRP-670; ARG-851; GLY-957 AND LEU-1042; VARIANTS THR-255; ASP-399; ARG-1095; VAL-1097; GLY-1213 AND ARG-1413;

Mutation update for the CSB/ERCC6 and CSA/ERCC8 genes involved in Cockayne syndrome.
Laugel V.; Dalloz C.; Durand M.; Sauvanaud F.; Kristensen U.; Vincent M.C.; Pasquier L.; Odent S.; Cormier-Daire V.; Gener B.; Tobias E.S.; Tolmie J.L.; Martin-Coignard D.; Drouin-Garraud V.; Heron D.; Journel H.; Raffo E.; Vigneron J.; Lyonnet S.; Murday V.; Gubser-Mercati D.; Funalot B.; Brueton L.; Sanchez Del Pozo J.; Munoz E.; Gennery A.R.; Salih M.; Noruzinia M.; Prescott K.; Ramos L.; Stark Z.; Fieggen K.; Chabrol B.; Sarda P.; Edery P.; Bloch-Zupan A.; Fawcett H.; Pham D.; Egly J.M.; Lehmann A.R.; Sarasin A.; Dollfus H.;
Hum. Mutat. 31:113-126(2010)
Cited for: VARIANTS CSB TRP-670; ASP-680; CYS-686; LEU-687; ARG-851; GLY-957 AND LEU-1042; VARIANTS COFS1 PRO-871 AND PRO-987; VARIANTS ARG-1095 AND GLY-1213;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.