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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q03692: Variant p.Cys591Arg

Collagen alpha-1(X) chain
Gene: COL10A1
Variant information

Variant position:  591
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Arginine (R) at position 591 (C591R, p.Cys591Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Schmid type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia (SMCD) [MIM:156500]: Dominantly inherited disorder of the osseous skeleton. The cardinal features of the phenotype are mild short stature, coxa vara and a waddling gait. Radiography usually shows sclerosis of the ribs, flaring of the metaphyses, and a wide irregular growth plate, especially of the knees. A variant form of SMCD is spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Japanese type. It is characterized by spinal involvement comprising mild platyspondyly, vertebral body abnormalities, and end-plate irregularity. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15880705, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7607655, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7876225, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8004099, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8304336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8782043, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9067753, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9852679}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In SMCD.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  591
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  680
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   FDKILYNRQQHYDPRTGIFT  C QIPGIYYFSYHVHVKGTHVW
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         FDKILYNRQQHYDPRTGIFTCQIPGIYYFSYHVHVKGTHVW

Mouse                         FDEILYNRQQHYDPRSGIFTCKIPGIYYFSYHVHVKGTHVW

Bovine                        FDKILYNKQQHYDPRTGIFTCKIPGIYYFSYHIHVKGTHAW

Chicken                       FDKILYNRQQHYDPRTGIFTCRIPGLYYFSYHVHAKGTNVW

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 19 – 680 Collagen alpha-1(X) chain
Domain 547 – 680 C1q
Region 520 – 680 Nonhelical region (NC1)


Literature citations

Additional mutations of type X collagen confirm COL10A1 as the Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia locus.
McIntosh I.; Abbott M.H.; Warman M.L.; Olsen B.R.; Francomano C.A.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 3:303-307(1994)
Cited for: VARIANT SMCD ARG-591;

Mutations of COL10A1 in Schmid metaphyseal chondrodysplasia.
Bateman J.F.; Wilson R.; Freddi S.; Lamande S.R.; Savarirayan R.;
Hum. Mutat. 25:525-534(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS SMCD ARG-18; GLU-18; ASP-582; ARG-591; ARG-595; GLU-595; HIS-597; CYS-597; ASP-598; PRO-600; PRO-614; LYS-617; VAL-618; ARG-644; GLY-648; ARG-651; PRO-653 AND PRO-671; VARIANTS THR-27; HIS-198; ARG-545 AND MET-603;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.