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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P69905: Variant p.Pro45Arg

Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Gene: HBA2
Chromosomal location: 16p13.3
Variant information

Variant position:  45
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Proline (P) to Arginine (R) at position 45 (P45R, p.Pro45Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (P) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In Kawachi; O(2) affinity up.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  45
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  142
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYF  P HFDLSHGSAQVKGHGKKVAD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGKKVAD

Gorilla                       YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGKKVA

                              YGGEALDRTFQSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSPGSAQVKAHGKKVA

Rhesus macaque                YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGKKVA

Chimpanzee                    YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGKKVA

Mouse                         YGAEALERMFASFPTTKTYFPHF-DVSHGSAQVKGHGKKVA

Rat                           YGEEALQRMFAAFPTTKTYFSHI-DVSPGSAQVKAHGKKVA

Pig                           HGAEALERMFLGFPTTKTYFPHF-NLSHGSDQVKAHGQKVA

Bovine                        YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGAKVA

Rabbit                        YGAEAVERMFLGFPTTKTYFPHF-DFTHGSEQIKAHGKKVS

Sheep                         YGAEALERMFLSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKGHGEKVA

Cat                           YGAEALERTFCSFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKAHGQKVA

Horse                         YGAEALERMFLGFPTTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQVKAHGKKVG

Chicken                       YGAETLERMFTTYPPTKTYFPHF-DLSHGSAQIKGHGKKVV

Xenopus tropicalis            YGGEALHRMFMCAPKTKTYFPDF-DFSEHSKHILAHGKKVS

Zebrafish                     IGAEALARMLTVYPQTKTYFSHWADLSPGSGPVKKHGKTIM

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 2 – 142 Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Metal binding 59 – 59 Iron (heme distal ligand)
Site 57 – 57 Not glycated
Site 61 – 61 Not glycated
Modified residue 25 – 25 Phosphotyrosine
Modified residue 36 – 36 Phosphoserine
Modified residue 41 – 41 N6-succinyllysine; alternate
Modified residue 50 – 50 Phosphoserine
Glycosylation 41 – 41 N-linked (Glc) (glycation) lysine; alternate
Glycosylation 62 – 62 N-linked (Glc) (glycation) lysine
Beta strand 45 – 47


Literature citations

Hemoglobin Kawachi [alpha 44 (CE2) Pro leads to Arg]: a new hemoglobin variant of high oxygen affinity with amino acid substitution at alpha 1 beta 2 contact.
Harano T.; Harano K.; Ueda S.; Shibata S.; Imai K.; Ohba Y.; Shinohara T.; Horio S.; Nishioka K.; Shirotani H.;
Hemoglobin 6:43-49(1982)
Cited for: VARIANT KAWACHI ARG-45;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.