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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot variant pages

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P69905: Variant p.Pro78Arg

Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Gene: HBA2
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Variant information Variant position: help 78 The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.
Type of variant: help LB/B The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change: help From Proline (P) to Arginine (R) at position 78 (P78R, p.Pro78Arg). Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.
Physico-chemical properties: help Change from medium size and hydrophobic (P) to large size and basic (R) The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.
BLOSUM score: help -2 The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description: help In Guizhou. Any additional useful information about the variant.
Other resources: help Links to websites of interest for the variant.


Sequence information Variant position: help 78 The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.
Protein sequence length: help 142 The length of the canonical sequence.
Location on the sequence: help GHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDM P NALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.
Residue conservation: help The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.
Human                         GHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Gorilla                       GHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

                              AHGKKVADALTTAVAHLDDLPGALSALSDLHAYKLRVDPVN

Rhesus macaque                GHGKKVADALTLAVGHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Chimpanzee                    GHGKKVADALTNAVAHVDDMPNALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Mouse                         GHGKKVADALASAAGHLDDLPGALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Rat                           AHGKKVADALAKAADHVEDLPGALSTLSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Pig                           AHGQKVADALTKAVGHLDDLPGALSALSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Bovine                        GHGAKVAAALTKAVEHLDDLPGALSELSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Rabbit                        AHGKKVSEALTKAVGHLDDLPGALSTLSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Sheep                         GHGEKVAAALTKAVGHLDDLPGTLSDLSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Cat                           AHGQKVADALTQAVAHMDDLPTAMSALSDLHAYKLRVDPVN

Horse                         AHGKKVGDALTLAVGHLDDLPGALSNLSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Chicken                       GHGKKVVAALIEAANHIDDIAGTLSKLSDLHAHKLRVDPVN

Xenopus tropicalis            AHGKKVSDALNEACNHLDNIAGCLSKLSDLHAYDLRVDPGN

Zebrafish                     KHGKTIMGAVGEAISKIDDLVGGLAALSELHAFKLRVDPAN

Sequence annotation in neighborhood: help The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.
TypePositionsDescription
Chain 2 – 142 Hemoglobin subunit alpha
Binding site 59 – 59 distal binding residue
Binding site 88 – 88 proximal binding residue
Site 61 – 61 Not glycated
Site 91 – 91 Not glycated
Glycosylation 62 – 62 N-linked (Glc) (glycation) lysine
Helix 77 – 80



Literature citations
No reference for the current variant in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.