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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P35914: Variant p.Asp42Glu

Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase, mitochondrial
Variant information

Variant position:  42
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Aspartate (D) to Glutamate (E) at position 42 (D42E, p.Asp42Glu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are medium size and acidic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In HMGCLD; reduced activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  42
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  325
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.






Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 28 – 325 Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase, mitochondrial
Domain 33 – 300 Pyruvate carboxyltransferase
Binding site 41 – 41
Binding site 42 – 42
Modified residue 48 – 48 N6-acetyllysine; alternate
Modified residue 48 – 48 N6-succinyllysine; alternate
Mutagenesis 37 – 37 E -> D. Normal activity.
Mutagenesis 41 – 41 R -> M. Reduced activity, and loss of proton exchange.
Mutagenesis 42 – 42 D -> AN. Loss of activity, and reduced proton exchange rate.
Helix 42 – 45

Literature citations

HMG CoA lyase deficiency: identification of five causal point mutations in codons 41 and 42, including a frequent Saudi Arabian mutation, R41Q.
Mitchell G.A.; Ozand P.T.; Robert M.-F.; Ashmarina L.; Roberts J.; Gibson K.M.; Wanders R.J.; Wang S.; Chevalier I.; Ploechl E.; Miziorko H.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 62:295-300(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS HMGCLD GLN-41; GLU-42; GLY-42 AND HIS-42;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.