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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P11245: Variant p.Gly286Glu

Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2
Gene: NAT2
Chromosomal location: 8p22
Variant information

Variant position:  286
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Glutamate (E) at position 286 (G286E, p.Gly286Glu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and acidic (E)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Polymorphism:  Polymorphisms in NAT2 are the cause of slow and fast acetylation phenotypes [MIM:243400] and influence drug therapy response and susceptibility to chemical toxicity or carcinogenicity.
Additional information on the polymorphism described.

Variant description:  In allele NAT2*7A and allele NAT2*7B; a slow acetylator.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  286
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  290
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   VLKNIFKISLGRNLVPKPGD  G SLTI
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         VLKNIFKISLGRNLVPKPGDGSLTI

Rhesus macaque                VLKNIFKISLGRKLVPKPGNGSFTI

Mouse                         VLRTIFGVSLERKLVPKHGDRFFTI

Rat                           VLKTIFGVSLERKLVPKHGDRFFTI

Rabbit                        VLKTIFNISLGKKLVSKNGHLSFTI

Chicken                       TLKEKFNITLDKKFVPINTSRLSLF

Slime mold                    HLISIFNLP-PLKFLPK-------I

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 290 Arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2
Binding site 287 – 287 Coenzyme A
Beta strand 285 – 288


Literature citations

Cloning and expression of cDNAs for polymorphic and monomorphic arylamine N-acetyltransferases from human liver.
Ohsako S.; Deguchi T.;
J. Biol. Chem. 265:4630-4634(1990)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]; VARIANT GLU-286;

Sequences and expression of alleles of polymorphic arylamine N-acetyltransferase of human liver.
Deguchi T.;
J. Biol. Chem. 267:18140-18147(1992)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (ALLELE NAT2*6D); VARIANTS GLN-197 AND GLU-286;

Deciphering the ancient and complex evolutionary history of human arylamine N-acetyltransferase genes.
Patin E.; Barreiro L.B.; Sabeti P.C.; Austerlitz F.; Luca F.; Sajantila A.; Behar D.M.; Semino O.; Sakuntabhai A.; Guiso N.; Gicquel B.; McElreavey K.; Harding R.M.; Heyer E.; Quintana-Murci L.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 78:423-436(2006)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS ILE-24; GLN-64; THR-114; MET-193; GLN-197; HIS-208; ARG-268 AND GLU-286;

Submission
NIEHS SNPs program;
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS ILE-24; GLN-64; THR-114; GLN-197; LEU-228; ARG-268 AND GLU-286;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.