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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P03886: Variant p.Ala4Thr

NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1
Gene: MT-ND1
Chromosomal location: M
Variant information

Variant position:  4
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Threonine (T) at position 4 (A4T, p.Ala4Thr).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and polar (T)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  Might contribute to non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus susceptibility in some populations.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  4
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  318
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   MPM  A NLLLLIVPILIAMAFLMLTE
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         MPMA-----NLLLLIVPILIAMAFLMLTE

Gorilla                       MSMA-----NLLLLIVPILIAMAF


Chimpanzee                    MPMT-----NLLLLIVPILIAMAF

Mouse                         MFFI-----NILTLLVPILIAMAF

Rat                           MYFI-----NILTLLIPILIAMAF

Pig                           MFMI-----NILSLIIPILLAVAF

Bovine                        MFMI-----NILMLIIPILLAVAF

Rabbit                        MFLI-----NTLLLILPVLLAMAF

Sheep                         MFMI-----NVLTLIIPILLAVAF

Cat                           MFMI-----NVLSLIIPILLAVAF

Horse                         MFMI-----NVLLLIVPILLAVAF

Chicken                       NLLI-----MTLSYILPILIAVAF

Xenopus laevis                THLI-----NPLLYMIPILLAVAF

Zebrafish                     SHLI-----NPLAYAVPVLIAVAF

Caenorhabditis elegans        LVLL-----MVILMMIFIVQSIAF

Drosophila                    LSLI-----GSLLLIICVLVSVAF

Slime mold                    LYIIIEGGLKSLIVIIGLLIGVAF

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 318 NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1
Transmembrane 2 – 22 Helical

Literature citations

A new mitochondrial DNA mutation associated with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
Nakagawa Y.; Ikegami H.; Yamato E.; Takekawa K.; Fujisawa T.; Hamada Y.; Ueda H.; Uchigata Y.; Miki T.; Kumahara Y.;
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 209:664-668(1995)

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.