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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P03886: Variant p.Tyr304His

NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1
Gene: MT-ND1
Variant information

Variant position:  304
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Unclassified
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Histidine (H) at position 304 (Y304H, p.Tyr304His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) [MIM:535000]: A maternally inherited disease resulting in acute or subacute loss of central vision, due to optic nerve dysfunction. Cardiac conduction defects and neurological defects have also been described in some patients. LHON results from primary mitochondrial DNA mutations affecting the respiratory chain complexes. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1417830, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1674640, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1900003, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1928099, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1959619, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2018041}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In LHON; secondary mutation; unknown pathological significance.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  304
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  318
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALLMW  Y VSMPITISSIPPQT
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALLMWYVSMPITISSIPPQT

Gorilla                       QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALLMWYISMPTTISSIPPQT

                              QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHVALPIITASIPPQT

Chimpanzee                    QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLASLMWYISMPTTISSIPPQT

Mouse                         QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHISLPIFTAGVPPYM

Rat                           QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLAFCMWYISLPIFLAGIPPYT

Pig                           QLMHLLWKSFLPLTLALCMWHISLPIMTASIPPQS

Bovine                        QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHVSLPILTSGIPPQT

Rabbit                        QLMHLLWKSFLPLTLALCMWHISMPIMLSSIPPQM

Sheep                         QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHVSLPILLSSIPPQT

Cat                           QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHVSLPIITASIPPQT

Horse                         QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCMWHVSLPIMLSSIPPQT

Chicken                       QLMHLLWKNFLPLTLALCLWHTSMPISYAGLPPI-

Xenopus laevis                QLMHLVWKNFLPITLAMTLWHISLPISMLGLPSQT

Zebrafish                     QLMHLIWKNFLPITLVLVLWHIALPIALAGLPPQT

Caenorhabditis elegans        LMMSLFWFKLLPISLIMLCFYAVIFYY--------

Drosophila                    KLMYLAWKCFLSFSLNYLLFFIGFKILLFSLL---

Slime mold                    QLMYLGWKSLLPFALLIYIGVISMVLIIK------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 318 NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1
Transmembrane 294 – 314 Helical


Literature citations

Alternative, simultaneous complex I mitochondrial DNA mutations in Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy.
Johns D.R.; Berman J.;
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 174:1324-1330(1991)
Cited for: VARIANT LHON HIS-304;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.