Home  |  Contact

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q12882: Variant p.Cys29Arg

Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase [NADP(+)]
Gene: DPYD
Variant information

Variant position:  29
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Arginine (R) at position 29 (C29R, p.Cys29Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency (DPYDD) [MIM:274270]: A metabolic disorder with large phenotypic variability, ranging from no symptoms to a convulsive disorder with motor and mental retardation. It is characterized by persistent urinary excretion of excessive amounts of uracil, thymine and 5-hydroxymethyluracil. Patients suffering from this disease show a severe reaction to the anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:14702039, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16710414, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9266349, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9439663}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In DPYDD; allele DPYD*9A and allele DPYD*9B; loss of activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  29
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  1025
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   SADIESILALNPRTQTHATL  C STSAKKLDKKHWKRNPDKNC
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         SADIESILALNPRTQTHATLCSTSAKKLDKKHWKRNPDKNC-

Mouse                         APDIESILALNPRVQAHATLRSTAAKKLDKKHWKRNTDKNC

Rat                           APDIESILALNPRIQAHATLRSTMAKKLDKKHWKRNTDKNC

Pig                           VADIESILALNPRTQSHAALHSTLAKKLDKKHWKRNPDKNC

Bovine                        VADIESILALNPRTQSRATLRSTLAKKLDKKHWKRNPDKNC

Zebrafish                     LQDIESILALNPRVKSHANVHSTASKKNEKKHWKRNPERSC

Caenorhabditis elegans        SPDIESLLILNPKVQDKANAVPSAVTKKNKHNWKRNEEKGC

Slime mold                    VHDIE-ILALNPTVNKHATFKPTIVSKKDKENWARLD--HC

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 4 – 1025 Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase [NADP(+)]


Literature citations

Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.
Ota T.; Suzuki Y.; Nishikawa T.; Otsuki T.; Sugiyama T.; Irie R.; Wakamatsu A.; Hayashi K.; Sato H.; Nagai K.; Kimura K.; Makita H.; Sekine M.; Obayashi M.; Nishi T.; Shibahara T.; Tanaka T.; Ishii S.; Yamamoto J.; Saito K.; Kawai Y.; Isono Y.; Nakamura Y.; Nagahari K.; Murakami K.; Yasuda T.; Iwayanagi T.; Wagatsuma M.; Shiratori A.; Sudo H.; Hosoiri T.; Kaku Y.; Kodaira H.; Kondo H.; Sugawara M.; Takahashi M.; Kanda K.; Yokoi T.; Furuya T.; Kikkawa E.; Omura Y.; Abe K.; Kamihara K.; Katsuta N.; Sato K.; Tanikawa M.; Yamazaki M.; Ninomiya K.; Ishibashi T.; Yamashita H.; Murakawa K.; Fujimori K.; Tanai H.; Kimata M.; Watanabe M.; Hiraoka S.; Chiba Y.; Ishida S.; Ono Y.; Takiguchi S.; Watanabe S.; Yosida M.; Hotuta T.; Kusano J.; Kanehori K.; Takahashi-Fujii A.; Hara H.; Tanase T.-O.; Nomura Y.; Togiya S.; Komai F.; Hara R.; Takeuchi K.; Arita M.; Imose N.; Musashino K.; Yuuki H.; Oshima A.; Sasaki N.; Aotsuka S.; Yoshikawa Y.; Matsunawa H.; Ichihara T.; Shiohata N.; Sano S.; Moriya S.; Momiyama H.; Satoh N.; Takami S.; Terashima Y.; Suzuki O.; Nakagawa S.; Senoh A.; Mizoguchi H.; Goto Y.; Shimizu F.; Wakebe H.; Hishigaki H.; Watanabe T.; Sugiyama A.; Takemoto M.; Kawakami B.; Yamazaki M.; Watanabe K.; Kumagai A.; Itakura S.; Fukuzumi Y.; Fujimori Y.; Komiyama M.; Tashiro H.; Tanigami A.; Fujiwara T.; Ono T.; Yamada K.; Fujii Y.; Ozaki K.; Hirao M.; Ohmori Y.; Kawabata A.; Hikiji T.; Kobatake N.; Inagaki H.; Ikema Y.; Okamoto S.; Okitani R.; Kawakami T.; Noguchi S.; Itoh T.; Shigeta K.; Senba T.; Matsumura K.; Nakajima Y.; Mizuno T.; Morinaga M.; Sasaki M.; Togashi T.; Oyama M.; Hata H.; Watanabe M.; Komatsu T.; Mizushima-Sugano J.; Satoh T.; Shirai Y.; Takahashi Y.; Nakagawa K.; Okumura K.; Nagase T.; Nomura N.; Kikuchi H.; Masuho Y.; Yamashita R.; Nakai K.; Yada T.; Nakamura Y.; Ohara O.; Isogai T.; Sugano S.;
Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA] (ISOFORM 1); VARIANT DPYDD ARG-29;

The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.
Gregory S.G.; Barlow K.F.; McLay K.E.; Kaul R.; Swarbreck D.; Dunham A.; Scott C.E.; Howe K.L.; Woodfine K.; Spencer C.C.A.; Jones M.C.; Gillson C.; Searle S.; Zhou Y.; Kokocinski F.; McDonald L.; Evans R.; Phillips K.; Atkinson A.; Cooper R.; Jones C.; Hall R.E.; Andrews T.D.; Lloyd C.; Ainscough R.; Almeida J.P.; Ambrose K.D.; Anderson F.; Andrew R.W.; Ashwell R.I.S.; Aubin K.; Babbage A.K.; Bagguley C.L.; Bailey J.; Beasley H.; Bethel G.; Bird C.P.; Bray-Allen S.; Brown J.Y.; Brown A.J.; Buckley D.; Burton J.; Bye J.; Carder C.; Chapman J.C.; Clark S.Y.; Clarke G.; Clee C.; Cobley V.; Collier R.E.; Corby N.; Coville G.J.; Davies J.; Deadman R.; Dunn M.; Earthrowl M.; Ellington A.G.; Errington H.; Frankish A.; Frankland J.; French L.; Garner P.; Garnett J.; Gay L.; Ghori M.R.J.; Gibson R.; Gilby L.M.; Gillett W.; Glithero R.J.; Grafham D.V.; Griffiths C.; Griffiths-Jones S.; Grocock R.; Hammond S.; Harrison E.S.I.; Hart E.; Haugen E.; Heath P.D.; Holmes S.; Holt K.; Howden P.J.; Hunt A.R.; Hunt S.E.; Hunter G.; Isherwood J.; James R.; Johnson C.; Johnson D.; Joy A.; Kay M.; Kershaw J.K.; Kibukawa M.; Kimberley A.M.; King A.; Knights A.J.; Lad H.; Laird G.; Lawlor S.; Leongamornlert D.A.; Lloyd D.M.; Loveland J.; Lovell J.; Lush M.J.; Lyne R.; Martin S.; Mashreghi-Mohammadi M.; Matthews L.; Matthews N.S.W.; McLaren S.; Milne S.; Mistry S.; Moore M.J.F.; Nickerson T.; O'Dell C.N.; Oliver K.; Palmeiri A.; Palmer S.A.; Parker A.; Patel D.; Pearce A.V.; Peck A.I.; Pelan S.; Phelps K.; Phillimore B.J.; Plumb R.; Rajan J.; Raymond C.; Rouse G.; Saenphimmachak C.; Sehra H.K.; Sheridan E.; Shownkeen R.; Sims S.; Skuce C.D.; Smith M.; Steward C.; Subramanian S.; Sycamore N.; Tracey A.; Tromans A.; Van Helmond Z.; Wall M.; Wallis J.M.; White S.; Whitehead S.L.; Wilkinson J.E.; Willey D.L.; Williams H.; Wilming L.; Wray P.W.; Wu Z.; Coulson A.; Vaudin M.; Sulston J.E.; Durbin R.M.; Hubbard T.; Wooster R.; Dunham I.; Carter N.P.; McVean G.; Ross M.T.; Harrow J.; Olson M.V.; Beck S.; Rogers J.; Bentley D.R.;
Nature 441:315-321(2006)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANT DPYDD ARG-29;

Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency: identification and expression of missense mutations C29R, R886H and R235W.
Vreken P.; van Kuilenburg A.B.P.; Meinsma R.; van Gennip A.H.;
Hum. Genet. 101:333-338(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS DPYDD ARG-29; TRP-235 AND HIS-886;

Identification of novel point mutations in the dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase gene.
Vreken P.; van Kuilenburg A.B.P.; Meinsma R.; van Gennip A.H.;
J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 20:335-338(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS DPYDD ARG-29; TRP-235 AND HIS-886;

DNA sequencing of a cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukaemia genome.
Ley T.J.; Mardis E.R.; Ding L.; Fulton B.; McLellan M.D.; Chen K.; Dooling D.; Dunford-Shore B.H.; McGrath S.; Hickenbotham M.; Cook L.; Abbott R.; Larson D.E.; Koboldt D.C.; Pohl C.; Smith S.; Hawkins A.; Abbott S.; Locke D.; Hillier L.W.; Miner T.; Fulton L.; Magrini V.; Wylie T.; Glasscock J.; Conyers J.; Sander N.; Shi X.; Osborne J.R.; Minx P.; Gordon D.; Chinwalla A.; Zhao Y.; Ries R.E.; Payton J.E.; Westervelt P.; Tomasson M.H.; Watson M.; Baty J.; Ivanovich J.; Heath S.; Shannon W.D.; Nagarajan R.; Walter M.J.; Link D.C.; Graubert T.A.; DiPersio J.F.; Wilson R.K.;
Nature 456:66-72(2008)
Cited for: VARIANT [LARGE SCALE ANALYSIS] ARG-29;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.