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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P01130: Variant p.Cys116Arg

Low-density lipoprotein receptor
Gene: LDLR
Variant information

Variant position:  116
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Arginine (R) at position 116 (C116R, p.Cys116Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -3
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In FHCL1; does not affect receptor expression at the cell surface; results in reduced LDL binding; results in reduced LDL uptake and internalization.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  116
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  860
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   DNGSDEQGCPPKTCSQDEFR  C HDGKCISRQFVCDSDRDCLD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DNGSDEQGCPPKTCSQDEFRCHDGKCISRQFVCDSDRDCLD

Mouse                         ENDSDEQGCPPKTCSQDDFRCQDGKCISPQFVCDGDRDCLD

Rat                           ENGSDELDCSPKTCSLDEFRCQDGKCISRQFVCDQDWDCLD

Bovine                        ENGSDEEGCSPKTCSQDEFRCNDGKCIAPKFVCDLDLDCLD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 22 – 860 Low-density lipoprotein receptor
Topological domain 22 – 788 Extracellular
Domain 107 – 145 LDL-receptor class A 3
Glycosylation 97 – 97 N-linked (GlcNAc...) asparagine
Disulfide bond 109 – 121
Disulfide bond 116 – 134
Alternative sequence 35 – 155 Missing. In isoform 6.
Alternative sequence 105 – 272 Missing. In isoform 3.
Alternative sequence 106 – 232 Missing. In isoform 2.


Literature citations

Identification of recurrent and novel mutations in the LDL receptor gene in Spanish patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.
Cenarro A.; Jensen H.K.; Casao E.; Civeira F.; Gonzalez-Bonillo J.; Rodriguez-Rey J.C.; Gregersen N.; Pocovi M.;
Hum. Mutat. 11:413-413(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 GLU-92; GLY-95; ARG-116; LEU-177; GLY-221; TYR-221; LYS-277; TYR-302; LYS-434; TYR-667 AND GLU-700;

Activity-associated effect of LDL receptor missense variants located in the cysteine-rich repeats.
Etxebarria A.; Benito-Vicente A.; Stef M.; Ostolaza H.; Palacios L.; Martin C.;
Atherosclerosis 238:304-312(2015)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS FHCL1 ARG-116; ASN-168; ASN-172; GLY-300 AND GLY-301; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT TRP-257;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.