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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P01130: Variant p.Asp221Gly

Low-density lipoprotein receptor
Gene: LDLR
Variant information

Variant position:  221
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Aspartate (D) to Glycine (G) at position 221 (D221G, p.Asp221Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and acidic (D) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In FHCL1; Padova.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  221
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  860
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   EFHCLSGECIHSSWRCDGGP  D CKDKSDEENCAVATCRPDEF
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         EFHCLSGECIHSSWRCDGGPDCKDKSDEENCAVATCRPDEF

Mouse                         EFHCGSSECIHRSWVCDGEADCKDKSDEEHCAVATCRPDEF

Rat                           EFHCGSSECIHRSWVCDGAADCKDKSDEENCAVTTCRPDEF

Bovine                        EFHCGSGECIHSSWHCDHDPDCKDKSDEENCAVATCRPDEF

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 22 – 860 Low-density lipoprotein receptor
Topological domain 22 – 788 Extracellular
Domain 195 – 233 LDL-receptor class A 5
Disulfide bond 204 – 222
Disulfide bond 216 – 231
Alternative sequence 105 – 272 Missing. In isoform 3.
Alternative sequence 106 – 232 Missing. In isoform 2.


Literature citations

Screening for mutations in exon 4 of the LDL receptor gene in a German population with severe hypercholesterolemia.
Geisel J.; Holzem G.; Oette K.;
Hum. Genet. 96:301-304(1995)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 COLOGNE GLY-221; TYR-221 AND VAL-224;

Spectrum of LDL receptor gene mutations in heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.
Day I.N.M.; Whittall R.A.; O'Dell S.D.; Haddad L.; Bolla M.K.; Gudnason V.; Humphries S.E.;
Hum. Mutat. 10:116-127(1997)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 TRP-27; CYS-78; GLY-87; TYR-89; ASN-90; GLY-90; LYS-101; TYR-160; ASN-168; LEU-177; GLY-221; GLU-227; ARG-286; TYR-313; TYR-327; ASN-342; PRO-350; ASP-399; TRP-416; HIS-482; ARG-483; SER-526; ASP-549; CYS-633; LEU-649 AND ILE-726;

Identification of recurrent and novel mutations in the LDL receptor gene in Spanish patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.
Cenarro A.; Jensen H.K.; Casao E.; Civeira F.; Gonzalez-Bonillo J.; Rodriguez-Rey J.C.; Gregersen N.; Pocovi M.;
Hum. Mutat. 11:413-413(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 GLU-92; GLY-95; ARG-116; LEU-177; GLY-221; TYR-221; LYS-277; TYR-302; LYS-434; TYR-667 AND GLU-700;

Genetic causes of familial hypercholesterolaemia in patients in the UK: relation to plasma lipid levels and coronary heart disease risk.
Humphries S.E.; Whittall R.A.; Hubbart C.S.; Maplebeck S.; Cooper J.A.; Soutar A.K.; Naoumova R.; Thompson G.R.; Seed M.; Durrington P.N.; Miller J.P.; Betteridge D.J.B.; Neil H.A.W.;
J. Med. Genet. 43:943-949(2006)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 TYR-89; LYS-101; GLY-218 DEL; GLY-221; ASN-221; TYR-358; PRO-479; HIS-482; ARG-677 AND LEU-685; FUNCTION;

Diagnosis of families with familial hypercholesterolaemia and/or Apo B-100 defect by means of DNA analysis of LDL-receptor gene mutations.
Widhalm K.; Dirisamer A.; Lindemayr A.; Kostner G.;
J. Inherit. Metab. Dis. 30:239-247(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 THR-50; LEU-211; GLY-221; GLU-266; LYS-277; ARG-286; ARG-314; ARG-352; LYS-408; THR-431; HIS-442; MET-523; GLY-577; THR-585 AND LEU-685;

Presence and type of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) mutation influences the lipid profile and response to lipid-lowering therapy in Brazilian patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.
Santos P.C.; Morgan A.C.; Jannes C.E.; Turolla L.; Krieger J.E.; Santos R.D.; Pereira A.C.;
Atherosclerosis 233:206-210(2014)
Cited for: VARIANTS FHCL1 TYR-160; ALA-168; LEU-177; TYR-184; GLY-221; GLN-228; LYS-228; TRP-276; TYR-285; GLY-301; PHE-318; CYS-326; SER-343; TYR-368; ASP-373; TRP-406; MET-429; ASN-492; ASP-549; HIS-564; HIS-574; TRP-595; HIS-601; LEU-685; LEU-699; MET-797 AND GLN-814;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.