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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q06187: Variant p.Arg525Gln

Tyrosine-protein kinase BTK
Gene: BTK
Variant information

Variant position:  525
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glutamine (Q) at position 525 (R525Q, p.Arg525Gln).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (Q)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) [MIM:300755]: Humoral immunodeficiency disease which results in developmental defects in the maturation pathway of B-cells. Affected boys have normal levels of pre-B-cells in their bone marrow but virtually no circulating mature B-lymphocytes. This results in a lack of immunoglobulins of all classes and leads to recurrent bacterial infections like otitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, sinusitis in the first few years of life, or even some patients present overwhelming sepsis or meningitis, resulting in death in a few hours. Treatment in most cases is by infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10220140, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10612838, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10678660, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7627183, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7633420, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7633429, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7711734, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7809124, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7849006, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7849697, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7849721, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7880320, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7897635, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8013627, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8162018, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8162056, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8594569, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8634718, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8695804, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8723128, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8834236, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9016530, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9260159, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9280283, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9445504, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9545398}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In XLA; severe; disturbs ATP-binding.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  525
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  659
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.




Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 2 – 659 Tyrosine-protein kinase BTK
Domain 402 – 655 Protein kinase
Active site 521 – 521 Proton acceptor
Binding site 538 – 538 Inhibitor
Binding site 539 – 539 Inhibitor; via amide nitrogen
Binding site 542 – 542 Inhibitor; via carbonyl oxygen
Turn 524 – 526

Literature citations

Structural basis for chromosome X-linked agammaglobulinemia: a tyrosine kinase disease.
Vihinen M.; Vetrie D.; Maniar H.S.; Ochs H.D.; Zhu Q.; Vorechovsky I.; Webster A.D.B.; Notarangelo L.D.; Nilsson L.; Sowadski J.M.; Smith C.I.E.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91:12803-12807(1994)
Cited for: VARIANTS XLA GLU-430; GLN-520; GLN-525; PRO-562; VAL-582; GLY-589; GLU-594 AND ASP-613;

Mutation screening of the BTK gene in 56 families with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA): 47 unique mutations without correlation to clinical course.
Holinski-Feder E.; Weiss M.; Brandau O.; Jedele K.B.; Nore B.; Baeckesjoe C.-M.; Vihinen M.; Hubbard S.R.; Belohradsky B.H.; Smith C.I.E.; Meindl A.;
Pediatrics 101:276-284(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS XLA GLU-19; HIS-28; ASN-61; PRO-117; HIS-127; ARG-155; PRO-295; PHE-369; GLY-372; ARG-414; TYR-506; GLY-521; GLN-525; SER-559; TRP-562; GLU-594; THR-619; GLY-626 AND HIS-641;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.