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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P04070: Variant p.Arg220Gln

Vitamin K-dependent protein C
Gene: PROC
Variant information

Variant position:  220
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glutamine (Q) at position 220 (R220Q, p.Arg220Gln).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (Q)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Thrombophilia due to protein C deficiency, autosomal dominant (THPH3) [MIM:176860]: A hemostatic disorder characterized by impaired regulation of blood coagulation and a tendency to recurrent venous thrombosis. Individuals with decreased amounts of protein C are classically referred to as having type I protein C deficiency and those with normal amounts of a functionally defective protein as having type II deficiency. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1301959, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1347706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1511989, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1868249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2437584, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25618265, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25748729, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2602169, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7792728, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7865674, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8292730, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8398832, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8499568, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8560401, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8829639, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9798967}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In THPH3; Vermont-3.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  220
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  461
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 43 – 461 Vitamin K-dependent protein C
Chain 200 – 461 Vitamin K-dependent protein C heavy chain
Domain 212 – 450 Peptidase S1
Disulfide bond 183 – 319 Interchain (between light and heavy chains)

Literature citations

Two different missense mutations at Arg 178 of the protein C (PROC) gene causing recurrent venous thrombosis.
Grundy C.B.; Schulman S.; Tengborn L.; Kakkar V.V.; Cooper D.N.;
Hum. Genet. 89:685-686(1992)
Cited for: VARIANTS THPH3 GLN-220 AND TRP-220;

Two novel mutations responsible for hereditary type I protein C deficiency: characterization by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
Gandrille S.; Vidaud M.; Aiach M.; Alhenc-Gelas M.; Fischer A.M.; Gouault-Heilman M.; Toulon P.; Fiessinger J.-N.; Goossens M.;
Hum. Mutat. 1:491-500(1992)
Cited for: VARIANT THPH3 GLN-220;

Type I protein C deficiency in French Canadians: evidence of a founder effect and association of specific protein C gene mutations with plasma protein C levels.
Couture P.; Demers C.; Morissette J.; Delage R.; Jomphe M.; Couture L.; Simard J.;
Thromb. Haemost. 80:551-556(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS THPH3 GLN-220 AND MET-340;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.