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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Arg943Gln

Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Gene: ABCA4
Variant information

Variant position:  943
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  US
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Glutamine (Q) at position 943 (R943Q, p.Arg943Gln).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (Q)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In linkage disequilibrium with A-863 in the European population and STGD1; found in a patient with macular dystrophy; unknown pathological significance; decreases 11-cis-Retinal binding affinity by 100-fold.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  943
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   PGWVPGVCVKNLVKIFEPCG  R PAVDRLNITFYENQITAFLG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         PGWVPGVCVKNLVKIFEP--CGRPAVDRLNITFYENQITAFLG

Mouse                         PGLVPGVCVKNLVKVFEP--SGRPAVDRLNITFYENQITAF

Bovine                        PGLVPGVCVKNLVKIFEP--YGRPAVDRLNITFYESQITAF

Slime mold                    QLERPTISIRNLRKEFKTGDGNRIAVNDLSIDMYKNRIHSF

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Topological domain 857 – 1376 Cytoplasmic
Domain 929 – 1160 ABC transporter 1
Disulfide bond 641 – 1490 Interchain
Mutagenesis 940 – 940 P -> R. Decreases 11-cis-Retinal binding affinity by 50%.


Literature citations

A photoreceptor cell-specific ATP-binding transporter gene (ABCR) is mutated in recessive Stargardt macular dystrophy.
Allikmets R.; Singh N.; Sun H.; Shroyer N.F.; Hutchinson A.; Chidambaram A.; Gerrard B.; Baird L.; Stauffer D.; Peiffer A.; Rattner A.; Smallwood P.M.; Li Y.; Anderson K.L.; Lewis R.A.; Nathans J.; Leppert M.; Dean M.; Lupski J.R.;
Nat. Genet. 15:236-246(1997)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]; VARIANTS STGD1; VARIANTS HIS-846; GLN-943 AND ASP-1817;

Preparation of a set of expression-ready clones of mammalian long cDNAs encoding large proteins by the ORF trap cloning method.
Nakajima D.; Saito K.; Yamakawa H.; Kikuno R.F.; Nakayama M.; Ohara R.; Okazaki N.; Koga H.; Nagase T.; Ohara O.;
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE MRNA]; VARIANT GLN-943;

Retinoid binding properties of nucleotide binding domain 1 of the Stargardt disease-associated ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter, ABCA4.
Biswas-Fiss E.E.; Affet S.; Ha M.; Biswas S.B.;
J. Biol. Chem. 287:44097-44107(2012)
Cited for: DOMAIN; FUNCTION; VARIANT STGD1 ALA-863; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT STGD1 ALA-863; MUTAGENESIS OF PRO-940; VARIANT GLN-943;

A comprehensive survey of sequence variation in the ABCA4 (ABCR) gene in Stargardt disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Rivera A.; White K.; Stoehr H.; Steiner K.; Hemmrich N.; Grimm T.; Jurklies B.; Lorenz B.; Scholl H.P.N.; Apfelstedt-Sylla E.; Weber B.H.F.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:800-813(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 GLU-60; THR-60; GLU-65; LEU-68; ARG-72; CYS-212; SER-230; SER-247; VAL-328; LYS-471; PRO-541; GLN-572; ARG-607; LYS-635; CYS-653; TYR-764; ARG-765; ALA-901; ILE-959; LYS-1036; VAL-1038; PRO-1063; ASP-1087; CYS-1097; CYS-1108; LEU-1380; LYS-1399; PRO-1430; VAL-1440; HIS-1443; LEU-1486; TYR-1488; MET-1537; PRO-1689; LEU-1705; THR-1733; ARG-1748; PRO-1763; LYS-1885; HIS-1898; GLU-1961; ARG-1975; SER-1977; GLY-2077; TRP-2077 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS GLN-152; HIS-212; ARG-423; ILE-552; ARG-914; GLN-943; THR-1562; ILE-1868; MET-1921; LEU-1948; PHE-1970; ALA-2059; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2216;

Complex inheritance of ABCR mutations in Stargardt disease: linkage disequilibrium, complex alleles, and pseudodominance.
Shroyer N.F.; Lewis R.A.; Lupski J.R.;
Hum. Genet. 106:244-248(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 ASP-340; GLN-572; ALA-863; SER-965; VAL-1038; ALA-1780 AND HIS-1898; VARIANT GLN-943;

An analysis of ABCR mutations in British patients with recessive retinal dystrophies.
Papaioannou M.; Ocaka L.; Bessant D.; Lois N.; Bird A.C.; Payne A.; Bhattacharya S.S.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41:16-19(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLN-943 AND SER-1948; VARIANTS STGD1 TYR-54; ASP-96; HIS-96; VAL-156; VAL-407; ALA-424; ARG-445; TRP-602; 779-CYS--ASP-2273 DEL; ALA-863; ALA-1429; TRP-1640; GLU-1703; 1779-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL AND ARG-2160; VARIANTS CORD3 VAL-407; 2030-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL AND TYR-2150; VARIANT RP19 ALA-424;

Different clinical expressions in two families with Stargardt's macular dystrophy (STGD1).
Eksandh L.; Ekstroem U.; Abrahamson M.; Bauer B.; Andreasson S.;
Acta Ophthalmol. Scand. 79:524-530(2001)
Cited for: VARIANT STGD1 ASN-972; VARIANTS GLN-943; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Late-onset Stargardt disease is associated with missense mutations that map outside known functional regions of ABCR (ABCA4).
Yatsenko A.N.; Shroyer N.F.; Lewis R.A.; Lupski J.R.;
Hum. Genet. 108:346-355(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS FFM GLY-339; ALA-863; TRP-943; ARG-991; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; ARG-1488; THR-1562; GLN-1640; PHE-2027; GLN-2030 AND CYS-2106; VARIANTS HIS-212; ARG-423; GLN-943; THR-1148; ILE-1868 AND ILE-2255;

Spectrum of ABCA4 (ABCR) gene mutations in Spanish patients with autosomal recessive macular dystrophies.
Paloma E.; Martinez-Mir A.; Vilageliu L.; Gonzalez-Duarte R.; Balcells S.;
Hum. Mutat. 17:504-510(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 SER-686; TRP-1055; ASP-1799; ASP-1805; PRO-1940 AND HIS-2107; VARIANTS FFM MET-1253 AND PRO-1940; VARIANTS CORD3 CYS-212 AND ARG-2060; VARIANTS GLN-943; LEU-1948 AND ILE-2255;

Mutations in ABCR (ABCA4) in patients with Stargardt macular degeneration or cone-rod degeneration.
Briggs C.E.; Rucinski D.; Rosenfeld P.J.; Hirose T.; Berson E.L.; Dryja T.P.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 42:2229-2236(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 13-LYS--TRP-15 DEL; TYR-54; LYS-58; VAL-60; GLU-65; GLU-77; HIS-190; PRO-244; ARG-309; CYS-525; CYS-537; PRO-541; PRO-549; ARG-550; GLN-602; ARG-607; MET-643; ASP-767; PRO-797; ARG-821; THR-824; ALA-863; ALA-935; TRP-943; ALA-989; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; LEU-1108; LYS-1122; ARG-1201; GLN-1300; LEU-1380; PRO-1388; ARG-1408; LEU-1486; ARG-1488; TYR-1490; MET-1526; ASN-1532; THR-1562; TRP-1640; LEU-1776; THR-1846; GLU-1961; SER-1977; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; PRO-2035; LEU-2050; CYS-2107; HIS-2107; TRP-2139; ARG-2150 AND TYR-2150; VARIANTS CORD3 GLN-1640 AND ASP-2146; VARIANTS HIS-212; ARG-423; GLN-943; THR-1637; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Denaturing HPLC profiling of the ABCA4 gene for reliable detection of allelic variations.
Stenirri S.; Fermo I.; Battistella S.; Galbiati S.; Soriani N.; Paroni R.; Manitto M.P.; Martina E.; Brancato R.; Allikmets R.; Ferrari M.; Cremonesi L.;
Clin. Chem. 50:1336-1343(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 TRP-18; LYS-96; VAL-108; LEU-143; GLN-152; HIS-212; GLN-223; SER-230; 245-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; THR-246; GLU-498; PRO-541; ARG-550; GLN-572; 639-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; SER-641; CYS-653; VAL-690; 700-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-767; ARG-821; ALA-863; 876-GLN--ASP-2273 DEL; ILE-897; ASP-954; SER-965; ASP-978; LYS-1022; VAL-1038; ASP-1050; LYS-1087; CYS-1098; PRO-1099; CYS-1108; HIS-1108; LEU-1129; ARG-1203; ASP-1203; 1300-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; GLN-1300; TYR-1490; ARG-1512; MET-1526; ASP-1598; 1652-TYR--ASP-2273 DEL; ASP-1762; ASN-1838; TYR-1838; GLU-1961; PHE-1970; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; LEU-2050; HIS-2107; TRP-2139; LEU-2149; TYR-2150; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS ARG-423; GLN-943; ASN-1204; LEU-1380; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Detection rate of pathogenic mutations in ABCA4 using direct sequencing: clinical and research implications.
Downes S.M.; Packham E.; Cranston T.; Clouston P.; Seller A.; Nemeth A.H.;
Arch. Ophthalmol. 130:1486-1490(2012)
Cited for: VARIANTS 219-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL; HIS-576; ARG-1488; MET-1526; CYS-1557; THR-1562; GLU-1773; ASP-1794; 2040-ARG--ASP-2273 DEL AND CYS-2107; VARIANTS STGD1 TYR-54; GLN-152; ARG-184; PHE-184; CYS-212; SER-418; LYS-471; MET-643; CYS-653; 782-TRP--ASP-2273 DEL; ALA-863; GLN-943; ALA-989; ARG-991; MET-1019; LYS-1022; SER-1097; CYS-1108; LYS-1122; LEU-1129; ARG-1201; LEU-1380; LYS-1442; LEU-1486; TYR-1490; ASP-1598; ASP-1754; THR-1846; GLU-1961; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; CYS-2106; LYS-2131; TYR-2150 AND PRO-2237;

ABCA4 mutational spectrum in Mexican patients with Stargardt disease: Identification of 12 novel mutations and evidence of a founder effect for the common p.A1773V mutation.
Chacon-Camacho O.F.; Granillo-Alvarez M.; Ayala-Ramirez R.; Zenteno J.C.;
Exp. Eye Res. 109:77-82(2013)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 TRP-18; HIS-24; 89-GLU--ASP-2273 DEL; CYS-212; ASP-241; TRP-290; TRP-602; GLU-818; SER-965; ARG-1014; LEU-1129; LEU-1380; PHE-1416 DEL; HIS-1443; TRP-1551 DEL; THR-1556; 1681-VAL--VAL-1685 DEL; GLN-1705; VAL-1773; ASN-1775; HIS-1779; ILE-1868; GLN-1942; VAL-2074 AND ARG-2128; VARIANTS GLN-943 AND ILE-2255;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.