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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Ala1038Val

Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Gene: ABCA4
Variant information

Variant position:  1038
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Valine (V) at position 1038 (A1038V, p.Ala1038Val).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to medium size and hydrophobic (V)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Cone-rod dystrophy 3 (CORD3) [MIM:604116]: An inherited retinal dystrophy characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination, predominantly in the macular region, and initial loss of cone photoreceptors followed by rod degeneration. This leads to decreased visual acuity and sensitivity in the central visual field, followed by loss of peripheral vision. Severe loss of vision occurs earlier than in retinitis pigmentosa, due to cone photoreceptors degenerating at a higher rate than rod photoreceptors. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10958761, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11385708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11527935}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Stargardt disease 1 (STGD1) [MIM:248200]: A common hereditary macular degeneration. It is characterized by decreased central vision, atrophy of the macula and underlying retinal pigment epithelium, and frequent presence of prominent flecks in the posterior pole of the retina. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10090887, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10206579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10612508, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10634594, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10711710, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10746567, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10958763, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11328725, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11385708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11527935, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11594993, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18977788, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24097981, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24444108, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9054934, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9490294, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9503029, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9781034, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9973280}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Fundus flavimaculatus (FFM) [MIM:248200]: Autosomal recessive retinal disorder very similar to Stargardt disease. In contrast to Stargardt disease, FFM is characterized by later onset and slowly progressive course. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11379881, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11385708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9781034}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In STGD1, FFM and CORD3; frequent mutation; reduced ATP-binding and retinal-stimulated ATP hydrolysis.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1038
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   LTVAEHMLFYAQLKGKSQEE  A QLEMEAMLEDTGLHHKRNEE
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         LTVAEHMLFYAQLKG-KSQEEAQLEMEAMLEDTGLHHKRNEE

Mouse                         LTVAEHILFYAQLKG-RSWEEAQLEMEAMLEDTGLHHKRNE

Slime mold                    LTVMEHLEFYAALKGFTNSNQRKVEATKIALEVGLGEKLNA

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA4
Topological domain 857 – 1376 Cytoplasmic
Domain 929 – 1160 ABC transporter 1


Literature citations

Spectrum of ABCR gene mutations in autosomal recessive macular dystrophies.
Rozet J.-M.; Gerber S.; Souied E.; Perrault I.; Chatelin S.; Ghazi I.; Leowski C.; Dufier J.-L.; Munnich A.; Kaplan J.;
Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 6:291-295(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 TRP-18; CYS-212; HIS-636; MET-1019; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; TRP-1640; SER-1977 AND HIS-2107; VARIANTS FFM PRO-11; PRO-541; VAL-1038; GLU-1091; CYS-1508; PHE-1970 AND ARG-1971;

Variation of clinical expression in patients with Stargardt dystrophy and sequence variations in the ABCR gene.
Fishman G.A.; Stone E.M.; Grover S.; Derlacki D.J.; Haines H.L.; Hockey R.R.;
Arch. Ophthalmol. 117:504-510(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 VAL-60; ARG-206; ASN-300; PRO-541; ALA-849; PRO-974; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; LEU-1408; ARG-1488; ASP-1652; PRO-1729; GLU-1961; TRP-2038; TRP-2077; HIS-2107; ARG-2128 AND TYR-2150;

A comprehensive survey of sequence variation in the ABCA4 (ABCR) gene in Stargardt disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Rivera A.; White K.; Stoehr H.; Steiner K.; Hemmrich N.; Grimm T.; Jurklies B.; Lorenz B.; Scholl H.P.N.; Apfelstedt-Sylla E.; Weber B.H.F.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:800-813(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 GLU-60; THR-60; GLU-65; LEU-68; ARG-72; CYS-212; SER-230; SER-247; VAL-328; LYS-471; PRO-541; GLN-572; ARG-607; LYS-635; CYS-653; TYR-764; ARG-765; ALA-901; ILE-959; LYS-1036; VAL-1038; PRO-1063; ASP-1087; CYS-1097; CYS-1108; LEU-1380; LYS-1399; PRO-1430; VAL-1440; HIS-1443; LEU-1486; TYR-1488; MET-1537; PRO-1689; LEU-1705; THR-1733; ARG-1748; PRO-1763; LYS-1885; HIS-1898; GLU-1961; ARG-1975; SER-1977; GLY-2077; TRP-2077 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS GLN-152; HIS-212; ARG-423; ILE-552; ARG-914; GLN-943; THR-1562; ILE-1868; MET-1921; LEU-1948; PHE-1970; ALA-2059; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2216;

Mutations in the ABCA4 (ABCR) gene are the major cause of autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy.
Maugeri A.; Klevering B.J.; Rohrschneider K.; Blankenagel A.; Brunner H.G.; Deutman A.F.; Hoyng C.B.; Cremers F.P.M.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:960-966(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS CORD3 GLU-65; CYS-212; PRO-541; ALA-863; GLY-863 DEL; VAL-1038; LYS-1122; TYR-1490 AND ASP-1598;

Complex inheritance of ABCR mutations in Stargardt disease: linkage disequilibrium, complex alleles, and pseudodominance.
Shroyer N.F.; Lewis R.A.; Lupski J.R.;
Hum. Genet. 106:244-248(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 ASP-340; GLN-572; ALA-863; SER-965; VAL-1038; ALA-1780 AND HIS-1898; VARIANT GLN-943;

New ABCR mutations and clinical phenotype in Italian patients with Stargardt disease.
Simonelli F.; Testa F.; de Crecchio G.; Rinaldi E.; Hutchinson A.; Atkinson A.; Dean M.; D'Urso M.; Allikmets R.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41:892-897(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 CYS-212; ASP-767; ILE-897; VAL-1038; LYS-1087; LYS-1399; GLN-1640 AND GLU-1961; VARIANT HIS-212;

Late-onset Stargardt disease is associated with missense mutations that map outside known functional regions of ABCR (ABCA4).
Yatsenko A.N.; Shroyer N.F.; Lewis R.A.; Lupski J.R.;
Hum. Genet. 108:346-355(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS FFM GLY-339; ALA-863; TRP-943; ARG-991; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; ARG-1488; THR-1562; GLN-1640; PHE-2027; GLN-2030 AND CYS-2106; VARIANTS HIS-212; ARG-423; GLN-943; THR-1148; ILE-1868 AND ILE-2255;

Mutations in ABCR (ABCA4) in patients with Stargardt macular degeneration or cone-rod degeneration.
Briggs C.E.; Rucinski D.; Rosenfeld P.J.; Hirose T.; Berson E.L.; Dryja T.P.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 42:2229-2236(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 13-LYS--TRP-15 DEL; TYR-54; LYS-58; VAL-60; GLU-65; GLU-77; HIS-190; PRO-244; ARG-309; CYS-525; CYS-537; PRO-541; PRO-549; ARG-550; GLN-602; ARG-607; MET-643; ASP-767; PRO-797; ARG-821; THR-824; ALA-863; ALA-935; TRP-943; ALA-989; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; LEU-1108; LYS-1122; ARG-1201; GLN-1300; LEU-1380; PRO-1388; ARG-1408; LEU-1486; ARG-1488; TYR-1490; MET-1526; ASN-1532; THR-1562; TRP-1640; LEU-1776; THR-1846; GLU-1961; SER-1977; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; PRO-2035; LEU-2050; CYS-2107; HIS-2107; TRP-2139; ARG-2150 AND TYR-2150; VARIANTS CORD3 GLN-1640 AND ASP-2146; VARIANTS HIS-212; ARG-423; GLN-943; THR-1637; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.