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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P78363: Variant p.Gly1961Glu

Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter
Gene: ABCA4
Chromosomal location: 1p21-p22.1
Variant information

Variant position:  1961
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Glutamate (E) at position 1961 (G1961E, p.Gly1961Glu).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to medium size and acidic (E)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Stargardt disease 1 (STGD1) [MIM:248200]: A common hereditary macular degeneration. It is characterized by decreased central vision, atrophy of the macula and underlying retinal pigment epithelium, and frequent presence of prominent flecks in the posterior pole of the retina. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10090887, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10206579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10612508, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10634594, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10711710, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10746567, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10958763, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11328725, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11385708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11527935, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11594993, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18977788, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24444108, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9054934, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9490294, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9503029, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9781034, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9973280}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Involvement in disease:  Fundus flavimaculatus (FFM) [MIM:248200]: Autosomal recessive retinal disorder very similar to Stargardt disease. In contrast to Stargardt disease, FFM is characterized by later onset and slowly progressive course. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11379881, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11385708, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9781034}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In STGD1 and FFM; frequent mutation; may be associated with ARMD2; inhibition of ATP hydrolysis by retinal.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  1961
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2273
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   HELTKIYPGTSSPAVDRLCV  G VRPGECFGLLGVNGAGKTTT
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         HELTKIYPG----TSSPAVDRLCVGVRPGECFGLLGVNGAGKTTT

Mouse                         NELTKVYSG----SSSPAVDRLCVGVRPGECFGLLGVNGAG

Slime mold                    NNLYKKFNSVGNYKSKIAVYNSTLAIPTGQTFGLLGLNGCG

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2273 Retinal-specific ATP-binding cassette transporter
Topological domain 1895 – 2273 Cytoplasmic
Domain 1938 – 2170 ABC transporter 2
Mutagenesis 1975 – 1975 G -> D. Inhibition of retinal-stimulated ATP hydrolysis.
Mutagenesis 1978 – 1978 K -> M. Inhibition of retinal-stimulated ATP hydrolysis.


Literature citations

Variation of clinical expression in patients with Stargardt dystrophy and sequence variations in the ABCR gene.
Fishman G.A.; Stone E.M.; Grover S.; Derlacki D.J.; Haines H.L.; Hockey R.R.;
Arch. Ophthalmol. 117:504-510(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 VAL-60; ARG-206; ASN-300; PRO-541; ALA-849; PRO-974; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; LEU-1408; ARG-1488; ASP-1652; PRO-1729; GLU-1961; TRP-2038; TRP-2077; HIS-2107; ARG-2128 AND TYR-2150;

Further evidence for an association of ABCR alleles with age-related macular degeneration.
Allikmets R.; Tammur J.; Hutchinson A.; Lewis R.A.; Shroyer N.F.; Dalakishvili K.; Lupski J.R.; Steiner K.; Pauleikhoff D.; Holz F.G.; Weber B.H.F.; Dean M.; Atkinson A.; Gail M.H.; Bernstein P.S.; Singh N.; Peiffer A.; Zabriskie N.A.; Leppert M.; Seddon J.M.; Zhang K.; Sunness J.S.; Udar N.S.; Yelchits S.; Silva-Garcia R.; Small K.W.; Simonelli F.; Testa F.; D'Urso M.; Brancato R.; Rinaldi E.; Ingvast S.; Taube A.; Wadelius C.; Souied E.; Ducroq D.; Kaplan J.; Assink J.J.M.; ten Brink J.B.; de Jong P.T.V.M.; Bergen A.A.B.; Maugeri A.; van Driel M.A.; Hoyng C.B.; Cremers F.P.M.; Paloma E.; Coco R.; Balcells S.; Gonzalez-Duarte R.; Kermani S.; Stanga P.; Bhattacharya S.S.; Bird A.C.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:487-491(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLU-1961 AND ASN-2177;

A comprehensive survey of sequence variation in the ABCA4 (ABCR) gene in Stargardt disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Rivera A.; White K.; Stoehr H.; Steiner K.; Hemmrich N.; Grimm T.; Jurklies B.; Lorenz B.; Scholl H.P.N.; Apfelstedt-Sylla E.; Weber B.H.F.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 67:800-813(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 GLU-60; THR-60; GLU-65; LEU-68; ARG-72; CYS-212; SER-230; SER-247; VAL-328; LYS-471; PRO-541; GLN-572; ARG-607; LYS-635; CYS-653; TYR-764; ARG-765; ALA-901; ILE-959; LYS-1036; VAL-1038; PRO-1063; ASP-1087; CYS-1097; CYS-1108; LEU-1380; LYS-1399; PRO-1430; VAL-1440; HIS-1443; LEU-1486; TYR-1488; MET-1537; PRO-1689; LEU-1705; THR-1733; ARG-1748; PRO-1763; LYS-1885; HIS-1898; GLU-1961; ARG-1975; SER-1977; GLY-2077; TRP-2077 AND VAL-2241; VARIANTS GLN-152; HIS-212; ARG-423; ILE-552; ARG-914; GLN-943; THR-1562; ILE-1868; MET-1921; LEU-1948; PHE-1970; ALA-2059; ASN-2177 AND VAL-2216;

New ABCR mutations and clinical phenotype in Italian patients with Stargardt disease.
Simonelli F.; Testa F.; de Crecchio G.; Rinaldi E.; Hutchinson A.; Atkinson A.; Dean M.; D'Urso M.; Allikmets R.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41:892-897(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 CYS-212; ASP-767; ILE-897; VAL-1038; LYS-1087; LYS-1399; GLN-1640 AND GLU-1961; VARIANT HIS-212;

Variation of codons 1961 and 2177 of the Stargardt disease gene is not associated with age-related macular degeneration.
Guymer R.H.; Heon E.; Lotery A.J.; Munier F.L.; Schorderet D.F.; Baird P.N.; McNeil R.J.; Haines H.L.; Sheffield V.C.; Stone E.M.;
Arch. Ophthalmol. 119:745-751(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLU-1961 AND ASN-2177;

Mutations in ABCR (ABCA4) in patients with Stargardt macular degeneration or cone-rod degeneration.
Briggs C.E.; Rucinski D.; Rosenfeld P.J.; Hirose T.; Berson E.L.; Dryja T.P.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 42:2229-2236(2001)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 13-LYS--TRP-15 DEL; TYR-54; LYS-58; VAL-60; GLU-65; GLU-77; HIS-190; PRO-244; ARG-309; CYS-525; CYS-537; PRO-541; PRO-549; ARG-550; GLN-602; ARG-607; MET-643; ASP-767; PRO-797; ARG-821; THR-824; ALA-863; ALA-935; TRP-943; ALA-989; VAL-1038; CYS-1108; LEU-1108; LYS-1122; ARG-1201; GLN-1300; LEU-1380; PRO-1388; ARG-1408; LEU-1486; ARG-1488; TYR-1490; MET-1526; ASN-1532; THR-1562; TRP-1640; LEU-1776; THR-1846; GLU-1961; SER-1977; PHE-2027; GLN-2030; PRO-2035; LEU-2050; CYS-2107; HIS-2107; TRP-2139; ARG-2150 AND TYR-2150; VARIANTS CORD3 GLN-1640 AND ASP-2146; VARIANTS HIS-212; ARG-423; GLN-943; THR-1637; ILE-1868 AND LEU-1948;

Frequency of ABCA4 mutations in 278 Spanish controls: an insight into the prevalence of autosomal recessive Stargardt disease.
Riveiro-Alvarez R.; Aguirre-Lamban J.; Lopez-Martinez M.A.; Trujillo-Tiebas M.J.; Cantalapiedra D.; Vallespin E.; Avila-Fernandez A.; Ramos C.; Ayuso C.;
Br. J. Ophthalmol. 93:1359-1364(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS STGD1 VAL-156; CYS-212; LYS-380; ARG-550; PRO-572; TRP-602; ARG-607; CYS-653; ASP-767; ILE-897; ALA-901; MET-931; SER-965; MET-1019; HIS-1108; LEU-1129; LEU-1380; ILE-1433; LEU-1486; TYR-1490; GLN-1640; TRP-1640; ARG-1748; ASP-1799; PRO-1940; GLU-1961; SER-1977; PHE-2027; ARG-2060; HIS-2107; TYR-2150 AND VAL-2241;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.