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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot variant pages

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O75695: Variant p.Arg118His

Protein XRP2
Gene: RP2
Variant information Variant position: help 118 The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.
Type of variant: help LP/P [Disclaimer] The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change: help From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 118 (R118H, p.Arg118His). Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.
Physico-chemical properties: help Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H) The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.
BLOSUM score: help 0 The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description: help In RP2; reduces affinity for ARL3 800-fold; loss of stimulation of tubulin GTPase activity; no effect on subcellular location. Any additional useful information about the variant.
Other resources: help Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information Variant position: help 118 The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.
Protein sequence length: help 350 The length of the canonical sequence.
Location on the sequence: help GSVFFRNCRDCKCTLACQQF R VRDCRKLEVFLCCATQPIIE The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.
Residue conservation: help The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.





Sequence annotation in neighborhood: help The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.
Chain 2 – 350 Protein XRP2
Domain 24 – 179 C-CAP/cofactor C-like
Binding site 115 – 118
Mutagenesis 101 – 101 F -> A. Reduces affinity for mouse ARL3.
Mutagenesis 115 – 115 Q -> A. Reduces affinity for mouse ARL3.
Mutagenesis 116 – 116 Q -> A. Reduces affinity and GTP-hydrolysis rate for mouse ARL3.
Mutagenesis 118 – 118 R -> A. Reduces affinity and GTP-hydrolysis rate for mouse ARL3.
Mutagenesis 120 – 120 R -> H. Reduces affinity for mouse ARL3; when associated with S-121.
Mutagenesis 121 – 121 D -> S. Reduces affinity for mouse ARL3; when associated with H-120.
Beta strand 106 – 121

Literature citations
Positional cloning of the gene for X-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2.
Schwahn U.; Lenzner S.; Dong J.; Feil S.; Hinzmann B.; van Duijnhoven G.; Kirschner R.; Hemberger M.; Bergen A.A.B.; Rosenberg T.; Pinckers A.J.L.G.; Fundele R.; Rosenthal A.; Cremers F.P.M.; Ropers H.-H.; Berger W.;
Nat. Genet. 19:327-332(1998)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA]; VARIANTS RP2 SER-6 DEL AND HIS-118; Mutations in the N-terminus of the X-linked retinitis pigmentosa protein RP2 interfere with the normal targeting of the protein to the plasma membrane.
Chapple J.P.; Hardcastle A.J.; Grayson C.; Spackman L.A.; Willison K.R.; Cheetham M.E.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 9:1919-1926(2000)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS RP2 SER-6 DEL AND HIS-118; MYRISTOYLATION AT GLY-2; PALMITOYLATION AT CYS-3; MUTAGENESIS OF GLY-2 AND CYS-3; TISSUE SPECIFICITY; SUBCELLULAR LOCATION; Functional overlap between retinitis pigmentosa 2 protein and the tubulin-specific chaperone cofactor C.
Bartolini F.; Bhamidipati A.; Thomas S.; Schwahn U.; Lewis S.A.; Cowan N.J.;
J. Biol. Chem. 277:14629-14634(2002)
Cited for: FUNCTION; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS RP2 SER-6 DEL AND HIS-118; INTERACTION WITH ARL3; Crystal structure of the human retinitis pigmentosa 2 protein and its interaction with Arl3.
Kuehnel K.; Veltel S.; Schlichting I.; Wittinghofer A.;
Structure 14:367-378(2006)
Cited for: X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2.1 ANGSTROMS); INTERACTION WITH ARL3; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS RP2 HIS-118 AND GLY-138; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT TRP-282; Mutations in the RP2 gene cause disease in 10% of families with familial X-Linked retinitis pigmentosa assessed in this study.
Hardcastle A.J.; Thiselton D.L.; Van Maldergem L.; Saha B.K.; Jay M.; Plant C.; Taylor R.; Bird A.C.; Bhattacharya S.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 64:1210-1215(1999)
Cited for: VARIANT RP2 HIS-118; Genotype-phenotype correlation in X-linked retinitis pigmentosa 2 (RP2).
Rosenberg T.; Schwahn U.; Feil S.; Berger W.;
Ophthalmic Genet. 20:161-172(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS RP2 SER-6 DEL AND HIS-118; X-linked retinitis pigmentosa: mutation spectrum of the RPGR and RP2 genes and correlation with visual function.
Sharon D.; Bruns G.A.P.; McGee T.L.; Sandberg M.A.; Berson E.L.; Dryja T.P.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 41:2712-2721(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS RP2 TYR-86; LEU-95; HIS-118 AND ILE-137 DEL; VARIANT TRP-282; A comprehensive mutation analysis of RP2 and RPGR in a North American cohort of families with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa.
Breuer D.K.; Yashar B.M.; Filippova E.; Hiriyanna S.; Lyons R.H.; Mears A.J.; Asaye B.; Acar C.; Vervoort R.; Wright A.F.; Musarella M.A.; Wheeler P.; MacDonald I.; Iannaccone A.; Birch D.; Hoffman D.R.; Fishman G.A.; Heckenlively J.R.; Jacobson S.G.; Sieving P.A.; Swaroop A.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 70:1545-1554(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS RP2 TYR-67; HIS-118; ILE-137 DEL AND PRO-188; VARIANT TRP-282; RP2 and RPGR mutations and clinical correlations in patients with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa.
Sharon D.; Sandberg M.A.; Rabe V.W.; Stillberger M.; Dryja T.P.; Berson E.L.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 73:1131-1146(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS RP2 TYR-86; LEU-95; HIS-118 AND ILE-137 DEL; VARIANT TRP-282; X-linked retinitis pigmentosa: RPGR mutations in most families with definite X linkage and clustering of mutations in a short sequence stretch of exon ORF15.
Bader I.; Brandau O.; Achatz H.; Apfelstedt-Sylla E.; Hergersberg M.; Lorenz B.; Wissinger B.; Wittwer B.; Rudolph G.; Meindl A.; Meitinger T.;
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 44:1458-1463(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS RP2 HIS-118 AND CYS-118;
Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.