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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P51787: Variant p.Arg591His

Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 1
Gene: KCNQ1
Variant information

Variant position:  591
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Arginine (R) to Histidine (H) at position 591 (R591H, p.Arg591His).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and basic (R) to medium size and polar (H)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Long QT syndrome 1 (LQT1) [MIM:192500]: A heart disorder characterized by a prolonged QT interval on the ECG and polymorphic ventricular arrhythmias. They cause syncope and sudden death in response to exercise or emotional stress, and can present with a sentinel event of sudden cardiac death in infancy. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10024302, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10220144, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10220146, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10367071, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10409658, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10482963, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10728423, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10973849, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11799244, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12442276, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15840476, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16414944, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16922724, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18165683, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18400097, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19540844, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19716085, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19808498, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21241800, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24184248, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24269949, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24713462, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25037568, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25139741, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25705178, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8528244, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8818942, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8872472, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9024139, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9272155, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9302275, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9312006, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9323054, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9386136, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9482580, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9570196, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9641694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9693036, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9702906, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9799083, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9927399, ECO:0000269|Ref.31}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In LQT1.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  591
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  676
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   SLFISVSEKSKDRGSNTIGA  R LNRVEDKVTQLDQRLALITD
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         SLFISVSEKSKDRGSNTIGARLNRVEDKVTQLDQRLALITD

Mouse                         SLFIPISEKSKDRGSNTIGARLNRVEDKVTQLDQRLVIITD

Rat                           SLFIPISEKSKDRGSNTIGARLNRVEDKVTQLDQRLVIITD

Rabbit                        SLFVPISEKSKDRGSNSIGARLNRVEDKVTQLDQRLVLIAD

Xenopus laevis                SLFLSVSDKVKDKGINTIGSRLNRVEDKVTQMDHKLNLITD

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 676 Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 1
Topological domain 349 – 676 Cytoplasmic
Region 588 – 616 Interaction with AKAP9
Region 589 – 620 C-terminal assembly domain
Coiled coil 585 – 621
Mutagenesis 589 – 589 G -> M. No effect.
Mutagenesis 590 – 590 A -> W. Reduced cell surface expression and strongly reduced potassium current.
Mutagenesis 593 – 593 N -> G. Reduced cell surface expression and moderately reduced potassium current.
Mutagenesis 602 – 602 L -> A. Does not interact with AKAP9 and the targeting protein kinase A (PKA) catalytic subunit and protein phosphatase 1 (PP1); when associated with I-609.
Mutagenesis 609 – 609 I -> A. Does not interact with AKAP9 and the kinase A (PKA) catalytic subunit and protein phosphatase 1 (PP1); when associated with L-602.
Helix 588 – 609


Literature citations

Genomic organization of the KCNQ1 K+ channel gene and identification of C-terminal mutations in the long-QT syndrome.
Neyroud N.; Richard P.; Vignier N.; Donger C.; Denjoy I.; Demay L.; Shkolnikova M.; Pesce R.; Chevalier P.; Hainque B.; Coumel P.; Schwartz K.; Guicheney P.;
Circ. Res. 84:290-297(1999)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA] (ISOFORMS 1 AND 2); VARIANTS LQT1 MET-587 AND HIS-591;

Compendium of cardiac channel mutations in 541 consecutive unrelated patients referred for long QT syndrome genetic testing.
Tester D.J.; Will M.L.; Haglund C.M.; Ackerman M.J.;
Heart Rhythm 2:507-517(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS LQT1 71-ALA--PRO-73 DEL; THR-73; GLY-115; TYR-122; ILE-133; PHE-136; LYS-160; ARG-168; CYS-174; GLN-190; PHE-204; LEU-225; ASN-235; ASN-242; CYS-243; MET-254; 254-VAL--PHE-256 DEL; CYS-259; LEU-259; ASP-261; PRO-266; SER-269; ASP-269; PHE-273; ARG-273; SER-276 DEL; LEU-277; HIS-278; LYS-290; ASP-292; CYS-293; VAL-302; ARG-304; SER-305; ILE-312; SER-314; ARG-314; ASP-314; CYS-315; ARG-316; ALA-322; PHE-339 DEL; VAL-341; SER-343; GLU-344; VAL-344; GLU-345; TRP-349; PRO-353; ARG-362; TRP-366; HIS-374; SER-380; TYR-389; TRP-452; GLY-524; GLU-526; TRP-539; LEU-546; CYS-555; HIS-555; TYR-566; SER-567; ARG-568; MET-587; THR-590; HIS-591; GLN-594; MET-619 AND SER-626;

Spectrum and prevalence of mutations from the first 2,500 consecutive unrelated patients referred for the FAMILION long QT syndrome genetic test.
Kapplinger J.D.; Tester D.J.; Salisbury B.A.; Carr J.L.; Harris-Kerr C.; Pollevick G.D.; Wilde A.A.; Ackerman M.J.;
Heart Rhythm 6:1297-1303(2009)
Cited for: VARIANTS LQT1 VAL-2; SER-7; THR-46; 64-PRO--PRO-70 DEL; PHE-66; THR-73; CYS-111; LEU-117; LEU-127; ILE-133; PRO-134; ALA-144; MET-153; MET-162; ARG-168; MET-172; CYS-174; HIS-174; THR-178; SER-179; HIS-184; ARG-186; GLN-190; LEU-190; TRP-195; VAL-198; ALA-199; MET-204; MET-215; MET-224; LEU-225; CYS-231; HIS-231; ASN-235; GLY-241; ASN-242; CYS-243; PRO-250; MET-254; CYS-259; LEU-259; VAL-262; PRO-266; SER-268; ASP-269; SER-269; ASP-272; PHE-273; VAL-274; LEU-277; PRO-277; GLU-280; CYS-281; PRO-282; GLY-283; ASP-292; CYS-293; GLU-302; VAL-302; PRO-303; ARG-305; SER-305; ARG-306; ILE-312; CYS-314; SER-314; CYS-315; VAL-316; SER-320; ALA-322; MET-322; ARG-325; TYR-339; GLU-341; GLY-341; VAL-341; PHE-342; LEU-343; ARG-350; SER-351; ARG-354; MET-360; ARG-362; HIS-365; GLN-366; TRP-366; HIS-374; GLY-379; LYS-385; PRO-389; THR-391 INS; TRP-397; ARG-398; GLU-446; LEU-448; TRP-451; SER-460; LEU-477; TRP-511; GLN-518; ARG-520; SER-522; GLY-524; THR-525; VAL-525; TRP-533; GLN-539; TRP-539; ILE-541; LYS-543; LEU-546; ARG-547; CYS-555; HIS-555; SER-555; GLU-557; PHE-566; PRO-566; TYR-566; THR-567; ARG-568; GLU-569; LEU-571; MET-587; ASP-589; CYS-591; HIS-591; GLN-594; PRO-594; GLU-596 DEL; LYS-596; MET-600; ASN-611; HIS-614 DEL; SER-626 AND ARG-635;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.