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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O95477: Variant p.Gln597Arg

Phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA1
Gene: ABCA1
Variant information

Variant position:  597
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Glutamine (Q) to Arginine (R) at position 597 (Q597R, p.Gln597Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (Q) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  High density lipoprotein deficiency 1 (HDLD1) [MIM:205400]: Recessive disorder characterized by absence of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol from plasma, accumulation of cholesteryl esters, premature coronary artery disease (CAD), hepatosplenomegaly, recurrent peripheral neuropathy and progressive muscle wasting and weakness. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10431236, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10431237, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10706591, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10938021, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11086027, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11257260, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11476961, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11476965, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11785958, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12111371, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12111381, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12407001, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14576201, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14754908, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15019541, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15158913, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15262183, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15297675, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15520867}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In HDLD1.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  597
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  2261
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   GPRADPFEDMRYVWGGFAYL  Q DVVEQAIIRVLTGTEKKTGV
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         GPRADPFEDMRYVWGGFAYLQDVVEQAIIRVLTGTEKKTGV

Mouse                         GPRADPFEDMRYVWGGFAYLQDVVEQAIIRVLTGSEKKTGV

Slime mold                    KIRNEKIPPPTISYGSNAFPRYPPEQGAARVWGG-------

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 2261 Phospholipid-transporting ATPase ABCA1
Topological domain 43 – 639 Extracellular
Mutagenesis 593 – 593 F -> L. Moderately decreased protein abundance. Highly decreased ATPase activity. Highly decreased phospholipid translocase activity.


Literature citations

Mutations in ABC1 in Tangier disease and familial high-density lipoprotein deficiency.
Brooks-Wilson A.; Marcil M.; Clee S.M.; Zhang L.-H.; Roomp K.; van Dam M.; Yu L.; Brewer C.; Collins J.A.; Molhuizen H.O.F.; Loubser O.; Ouelette B.F.F.; Fichter K.; Ashbourne-Excoffon K.J.D.; Sensen C.W.; Scherer S.; Mott S.; Denis M.; Martindale D.; Frohlich J.; Morgan K.; Koop B.; Pimstone S.; Kastelein J.J.P.; Hayden M.R.;
Nat. Genet. 22:336-345(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS HDLD1 ARG-597 AND ARG-1477; VARIANT HDLD2 LEU-693 DEL;

Age and residual cholesterol efflux affect HDL cholesterol levels and coronary artery disease in ABCA1 heterozygotes.
Clee S.M.; Kastelein J.J.P.; van Dam M.; Marcil M.; Roomp K.; Zwarts K.Y.; Collins J.A.; Roelants R.; Tamasawa N.; Stulc T.; Suda T.; Ceska R.; Boucher B.; Rondeau C.; DeSouich C.; Brooks-Wilson A.; Molhuizen H.O.F.; Frohlich J.; Genest J. Jr.; Hayden M.R.;
J. Clin. Invest. 106:1263-1270(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS HDLD1 ARG-597; ILE-929 AND ARG-1477; VARIANTS HDLD2 LEU-693 DEL; THR-1091; 1893-GLU-ASP-1894 DEL AND LEU-2150;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.