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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q99972: Variant p.Lys398Arg

Gene: MYOC
Variant information

Variant position:  398
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Lysine (K) to Arginine (R) at position 398 (K398R, p.Lys398Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Similar physico-chemical property. Both residues are large size and basic.
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  398
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  504
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         DIDLAVDE---------------AGLWVIYSTDEAK---------------------------GAIVLSKLNPENLE-----LEQTWE


Mouse                         DIDLAVDE---------------SGLWVIYSTEEAK-----

Rat                           DIDLAVDE---------------SGLWVIYSTEETR-----

Bovine                        DIDLAVDE---------------IGLWVIYSTEAAK-----

Rabbit                        DIDLAVDE---------------TGLWVIYSTEEAR-----

Cat                           DIDLAVDE---------------TGLWVIYSTQEAK-----


Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 33 – 504 Myocilin
Chain 227 – 504 Myocilin, C-terminal fragment
Domain 244 – 503 Olfactomedin-like
Metal binding 380 – 380 Calcium
Disulfide bond 245 – 433
Turn 395 – 399

Literature citations

Age-dependent prevalence of mutations at the GLC1A locus in primary open-angle glaucoma.
Shimizu S.; Lichter P.R.; Johnson A.T.; Zhou Z.; Higashi M.; Gottfredsdottir M.; Othman M.; Moroi S.E.; Rozsa F.W.; Schertzer R.M.; Clarke M.S.; Schwartz A.L.; Downs C.A.; Vollrath D.; Richards J.E.;
Am. J. Ophthalmol. 130:165-177(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLC1A ARG-252; GLY-272; LYS-323; LEU-370; MET-377; PHE-426; ASN-477 AND SER-499; VARIANTS ASP-57; LYS-76; MET-329 AND ARG-398; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS GLC1A ARG-252; GLY-272; LYS-323; LEU-370; MET-377; PHE-426; ASN-477 AND SER-499; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS ASP-57; LYS-76; MET-329 AND ARG-398;

Mutations in the third exon of the MYOC gene in Spanish patients with primary open angle glaucoma.
Vazquez C.M.; Herrero O.M.V.; Bastus B.M.; Perez V.D.;
Ophthalmic Genet. 21:109-115(2000)

Digenic inheritance of early-onset glaucoma: CYP1B1, a potential modifier gene.
Vincent A.L.; Billingsley G.; Buys Y.; Levin A.V.; Priston M.; Trope G.; Williams-Lyn D.; Heon E.;
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 70:448-460(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLC1A ARG-252; LYS-293; ARG-367; LEU-370; LYS-377; VAL-399 AND VAL-445; VARIANT ARG-398;

Founder TIGR/myocilin mutations for glaucoma in the Quebec population.
Faucher M.; Anctil J.-L.; Rodrigue M.-A.; Duchesne A.; Bergeron D.; Blondeau P.; Cote G.; Dubois S.; Bergeron J.; Arseneault R.; Morissette J.; Raymond V.;
Hum. Mol. Genet. 11:2077-2090(2002)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLC1A TRP-126; LYS-293; LYS-352; ARG-367; GLU-423; THR-427; VAL-445 AND LEU-481; VARIANTS LYS-76; GLU-77 AND ARG-398;

Myocilin analysis by DHPLC in French POAG patients: increased prevalence of Q368X mutation.
Melki R.; Belmouden A.; Brezin A.; Garchon H.-J.;
Hum. Mutat. 22:179-179(2003)
Cited for: VARIANTS GLC1A ARG-367; ILE-438; LYS-480 AND PHE-499; VARIANTS SER-57; LYS-76 AND ARG-398;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.