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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P10275: Variant p.Tyr572Cys

Androgen receptor
Gene: AR
Variant information

Variant position:  572
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Tyrosine (Y) to Cysteine (C) at position 572 (Y572C, p.Tyr572Cys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from large size and aromatic (Y) to medium size and polar (C)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) [MIM:300068]: An X-linked recessive form of pseudohermaphroditism due end-organ resistance to androgen. Affected males have female external genitalia, female breast development, blind vagina, absent uterus and female adnexa, and abdominal or inguinal testes, despite a normal 46,XY karyotype. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10022458, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10221692, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10221770, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10404311, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10458483, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10571951, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10590024, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10690872, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11587068, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11744994, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1307250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1316540, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1426313, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1430233, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1464650, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14756668, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1480178, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1487249, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1569163, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1609793, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16129672, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16595706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1775137, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1999491, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2082179, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2594783, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7537149, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7581399, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7633398, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7641413, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7671849, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7929841, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7962294, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7970939, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7981687, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7981689, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7993455, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8040309, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8096390, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8103398, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8162033, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8224266, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8281140, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8325950, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8339746, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8413310, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8446106, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8626869, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8647313, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8683794, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8723113, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8768864, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8809734, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8830623, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8918984, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8990010, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9001799, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9007482, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9039340, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9106550, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9160185, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9252933, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9255042, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9302173, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9328206, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9544375, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9554754, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9610419, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9627582, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9698822, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9851768, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9856504, ECO:0000269|Ref.113, ECO:0000269|Ref.179}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In AIS.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  572
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  920
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCH  Y GALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

                              YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Rhesus macaque                YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Chimpanzee                    YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Mouse                         YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Rat                           YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Pig                           YYFPPQKTCLICGDEASGCHYGALTCGSCKVFFKRAAEGKQ

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 920 Androgen receptor
DNA binding 560 – 632 Nuclear receptor
Zinc finger 560 – 580 NR C4-type
Region 1 – 587 Interaction with ZNF318
Region 552 – 919 Interaction with LPXN
Region 572 – 662 Interaction with HIPK3
Modified residue 552 – 552 Phosphotyrosine; by CSK
Mutagenesis 552 – 552 Y -> F. Decrease in CSK-induced phosphorylation.


Literature citations

Molecular analysis of the androgen receptor gene in 4 patients with complete androgen insensitivity.
Komori S.; Kasumi H.; Sakata K.; Tanaka H.; Hamada K.; Koyama K.;
Arch. Gynecol. Obstet. 261:95-100(1998)
Cited for: VARIANTS AIS CYS-572; GLN-753 AND CYS-775;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.