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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9Y5X4: Variant p.Met407Lys

Photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor
Gene: NR2E3
Chromosomal location: 15q23
Variant information

Variant position:  407
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Methionine (M) to Lysine (K) at position 407 (M407K, p.Met407Lys).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and hydrophobic (M) to large size and basic (K)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Involvement in disease:  Enhanced S cone syndrome (ESCS) [MIM:268100]: Autosomal recessive retinopathy in which patients have increased sensitivity to blue light; perception of blue light is mediated by what is normally the least populous cone photoreceptor subtype, the S (short wavelength, blue) cones. ESCS is also associated with visual loss, with night blindness occurring from early in life, varying degrees of L (long, red)- and M (middle, green)-cone vision, and retinal degeneration. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10655056, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11071390, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12963616, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15459973, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16225923, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18294254, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19006237, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24069298}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
The name and a short description of the disease associated with the variant. For more information about the disease, the user can refer to OMIM, following the link provided after the disease acronym.

Variant description:  In ESCS; impairs protein folding and stability.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  407
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  410
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   ELLFFRKTIGNTPMEKLLCD  M FKN
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         ELLFFRKTIGNTPMEKLLCDMFKN

Mouse                         ELLFFRKTIGNTPMEKLLCDMFKN

Bovine                        ELLFFRKTIGNTPMEKLLCDMFKN

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 410 Photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor
Domain 169 – 410 NR LBD
Alternative sequence 368 – 410 Missing. In isoform Short.
Helix 399 – 408

Literature citations

The crystal structure of the orphan nuclear receptor NR2E3/PNR ligand binding domain reveals a dimeric auto-repressed conformation.
Tan M.H.; Zhou X.E.; Soon F.F.; Li X.; Li J.; Yong E.L.; Melcher K.; Xu H.E.;
PLoS ONE 8:E74359-E74359(2013)

Mutation of a nuclear receptor gene, NR2E3, causes enhanced S cone syndrome, a disorder of retinal cell fate.
Haider N.B.; Jacobson S.G.; Cideciyan A.V.; Swiderski R.; Streb L.M.; Searby C.; Beck G.; Hockey R.; Hanna D.B.; Gorman S.; Duhl D.; Carmi R.; Bennett J.; Weleber R.G.; Fishman G.A.; Wright A.F.; Stone E.M.; Sheffield V.C.;
Nat. Genet. 24:127-131(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS ESCS 67-CYS--GLY-69 DEL; GLN-76; TRP-76; HIS-97; TRP-104; LYS-121; SER-234; GLY-309; GLN-311; PRO-385 AND LYS-407; VARIANTS GLY-140; THR-163; ILE-232 AND ILE-302;

Mutation analysis of NR2E3 and NRL genes in enhanced S cone syndrome.
Wright A.F.; Reddick A.C.; Schwartz S.B.; Ferguson J.S.; Aleman T.S.; Kellner U.; Jurklies B.; Schuster A.; Zrenner E.; Wissinger B.; Lennon A.; Shu X.; Cideciyan A.V.; Stone E.M.; Jacobson S.G.; Swaroop A.;
Hum. Mutat. 24:439-439(2004)
Cited for: VARIANTS ESCS 67-CYS--GLY-69 DEL; VAL-88; HIS-97; TRP-104; SER-234; GLU-256; PRO-263; GLY-309; GLN-311; PRO-336; VAL-353 AND LYS-407;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.