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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P21549: Variant p.Gly156Arg

Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase
Gene: AGXT
Variant information

Variant position:  156
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LP/P [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Glycine (G) to Arginine (R) at position 156 (G156R, p.Gly156Arg).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from glycine (G) to large size and basic (R)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -2
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In HP1; loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; decreased protein stability.
Any additional useful information about the variant.

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.

Sequence information

Variant position:  156
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  392
The length of the canonical sequence.

The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.







Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

Chain 1 – 392 Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase
Beta strand 149 – 156

Literature citations

Gene symbol: AGXT. Disease: primary hyperoxaluria type I.
Amoroso A.; Pirulli D.; Puzzer D.; Ferri L.; Crovella S.; Ferrettini C.; Marangella M.; Mazzola G.; Florian F.;
Hum. Genet. 104:441-441(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 VAL-41; GLU-95 INS; ARG-116 AND ARG-156;

Molecular analysis of hyperoxaluria type 1 in Italian patients reveals eight new mutations in the alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase gene.
Pirulli D.; Puzzer D.; Ferri L.; Crovella S.; Amoroso A.; Ferrettini C.; Marangella M.; Mazzola G.; Florian F.;
Hum. Genet. 104:523-525(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 VAL-41; GLU-95 INS; ARG-116 AND ARG-156;

Primary hyperoxaluria type I: a model for multiple mutations in a monogenic disease within a distinct ethnic group.
Rinat C.; Wanders R.J.A.; Drukker A.; Halle D.; Frishberg Y.;
J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. 10:2352-2358(1999)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 ARG-41; ARG-156; ARG-190; THR-244; CYS-289 AND PRO-298;

Implications of genotype and enzyme phenotype in pyridoxine response of patients with type I primary hyperoxaluria.
Monico C.G.; Olson J.B.; Milliner D.S.;
Am. J. Nephrol. 25:183-188(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 VAL-139 DEL; ARG-156; LEU-158; ARG-190; GLU-201; LEU-233; THR-244 AND ARG-253; VARIANT ASN-9;

Intra-familial clinical heterogeneity: absence of genotype-phenotype correlation in primary hyperoxaluria type 1 in Israel.
Frishberg Y.; Rinat C.; Shalata A.; Khatib I.; Feinstein S.; Becker-Cohen R.; Weismann I.; Wanders R.J.A.; Rumsby G.; Roels F.; Mandel H.;
Am. J. Nephrol. 25:269-275(2005)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 ARG-41; ARG-108; ARG-156; ARG-190; ARG-195; HIS-243; THR-244; MET-279; THR-287; CYS-289 AND PRO-298; VARIANT ASN-9;

Consequences of missense mutations for dimerization and turnover of alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase: study of a spectrum of mutations.
Coulter-Mackie M.B.; Lian Q.;
Mol. Genet. Metab. 89:349-359(2006)
Cited for: CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS HP1 ARG-41; VAL-41; GLU-82; ARG-108; ASP-112; ARG-156; ARG-161; ARG-170; TYR-173; ASN-183; PHE-187; PRO-205 AND LEU-218; MUTAGENESIS OF LYS-209; SUBUNIT;

Selected exonic sequencing of the AGXT gene provides a genetic diagnosis in 50% of patients with primary hyperoxaluria type 1.
Williams E.; Rumsby G.;
Clin. Chem. 53:1216-1221(2007)
Cited for: VARIANTS HP1 CYS-36; ARG-41; GLU-41; PRO-150; ILE-152; ARG-156; LEU-158; CYS-161; SER-161; PRO-166; ARG-170; TYR-173; CYS-233; HIS-233; THR-244 AND ARG-253; VARIANT ASN-9; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS HP1 CYS-36; GLU-41; PRO-150; ARG-156; LEU-158; CYS-161; SER-161; PRO-166; TYR-173; CYS-233; HIS-233 AND ARG-253; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANT ASN-9;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.