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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P05186: Variant p.Cys489Ser

Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozyme
Gene: ALPL
Variant information

Variant position:  489
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Disease [Disclaimer]
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Cysteine (C) to Serine (S) at position 489 (C489S, p.Cys489Ser).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (C) to small size and polar (S)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  -1
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Variant description:  In HOPS; reduces alkaline phosphatase activity.
Any additional useful information about the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  489
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  524
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   HLLHGVHEQNYVPHVMAYAA  C IGANLGHCAPASSAGSLAAG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         HLLHGVHEQNYVPHVMAYAACIGANLGHCAPASSAGSLAAG

Mouse                         HLLHGVHEQNYIPHVMAYASCIGANLDHCAWAGSGSAPSPG

Rat                           HLLHGVHEQNYIPHVMAYASCIGANLDHCAWASSASSPSPG

Bovine                        HLLHGVHEQNYIPHVMAYAACIGANRDHCASASSSGSPSPG

Cat                           HLLHGVHEQNYIPHVMAYAACIGANLDHCASASSAGGPSPG

Chicken                       HLLHGVDEQNYIPHAMAYAACIGPNRAHC---SSAARPAAT

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 18 – 501 Alkaline phosphatase, tissue-nonspecific isozyme
Lipidation 501 – 501 GPI-anchor amidated serine
Disulfide bond 489 – 497


Literature citations

Fifteen new mutations (-195C>T, L-12X, 298-2A>G, T117N, A159T, R229S, 997+2T>A, E274X, A331T, H364R, D389G, 1256delC, R433H, N461I, C472S) in the tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) gene in patients with hypophosphatasia.
Taillandier A.; Cozien E.; Muller F.; Merrien Y.; Bonnin E.; Fribourg C.; Simon-Bouy B.; Serre J.L.; Bieth E.; Brenner R.; Cordier M.P.; De Bie S.; Fellmann F.; Freisinger P.; Hesse V.; Hennekam R.C.M.; Josifova D.; Kerzin-Storrar L.; Leporrier N.; Zabot M.-T.; Mornet E.;
Hum. Mutat. 15:293-293(2000)
Cited for: VARIANTS HOPS VAL-40; THR-111; ASN-134; THR-176; LYS-191; TYR-201; SER-246; THR-348; ARG-381; GLY-406; HIS-450; ILE-478 AND SER-489;

Disulfide bonds are critical for tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase function revealed by analysis of mutant proteins bearing a C(201)-Y or C(489)-S substitution associated with severe hypophosphatasia.
Satou Y.; Al-Shawafi H.A.; Sultana S.; Makita S.; Sohda M.; Oda K.;
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1822:581-588(2012)
Cited for: VARIANTS HOPS TYR-201 AND SER-489; CHARACTERIZATION OF VARIANTS HOPS TYR-201 AND SER-489;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.