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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P00395: Variant p.Thr415Ala

Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1
Gene: MT-CO1
Chromosomal location: M
Variant information

Variant position:  415
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  Polymorphism
The variants are classified into three categories: Disease, Polymorphism and Unclassified.
  • Disease: Variants implicated in disease according to literature reports.
  • Polymorphism: Variants not reported to be implicated in disease.
  • Unclassified: Variants with uncertain implication in disease according to literature reports. Evidence against or in favor of a pathogenic role is limited and/or conflicting.

Residue change:  From Threonine (T) to Alanine (A) at position 415 (T415A, p.Thr415Ala).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from medium size and polar (T) to small size and hydrophobic (A)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page

Other resources:  
Links to websites of interest for the variant.



Sequence information

Variant position:  415
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  513
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   HWFPLFSGYTLDQTYAKIHF  T IMFIGVNLTFFPQHFLGLSG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         HWFPLFSG------YTLDQTYAKIHFTIMFIGVNLTFFPQHFLGLSG

                              HWFPLFSG------YTLNDTWAKIHFTIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Chimpanzee                    HWFPLFSG------YTLDQTYAKIQFAIMFIGVNLTFFPQH

Mouse                         HWFPLFSG------FTLDDTWAKAHFAIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Rat                           HWFPLFSG------YTLNDTWAKAHFAIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Pig                           HWFPLFSG------YTLNQAWAKIHFVIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Bovine                        HWFPLFSG------YTLNDTWAKIHFAIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Rabbit                        HWFPLFSG------YTLDPTWAKIHFTVMFVGVNLTFFPQH

Goat                          HWFPLFSG------YTLNDTWAKIHFAIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Sheep                         HWFPLFSG------YTLNDTWAKIHFAIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Cat                           HWFPLFSG------YTLDNTWAKIHFTIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Horse                         HWFPLFSG------YTLNQTWAKIHFTIMFVGVNMTFFPQH

Chicken                       HWFPLFTG------FTLHPSWTKAHFGVMFTGVNLTFFPQH

Xenopus laevis                HWFPLFTG------YTLHETWAKIHFGVMFAGVNLTFFPQH

Zebrafish                     HWFPLFTG------YTLNSVWTKIHFGVMFIGVNLTFFPQH

Caenorhabditis elegans        LWWSFITG------YVLDKLMMSAVFILLFIGVNLTFFPLH

Drosophila                    HWYPLFTG------LTLNNKWLKSHFIIMFIGVNLTFFPQH

Slime mold                    YYYSIMNSTRLFGVVRYNEQLGRIHFWTMFIGVNVTFFPMH

Baker's yeast                 YWSPQILG------LNYNEKLAQIQFWLIFIGANVIFFPMH

Fission yeast                 YWSPKMFG------LMYNETLASIQFWILFIGVNIVFGPQH

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 513 Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1
Transmembrane 409 – 431 Helical; Name=11


Literature citations

Recent African origin of modern humans revealed by complete sequences of hominoid mitochondrial DNAs.
Horai S.; Hayasaka K.; Kondo R.; Tsugane K.; Takahata N.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 92:532-536(1995)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA]; VARIANTS SER-235 AND ALA-415;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.