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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot P28329: Variant p.Ala392Gly

Choline O-acetyltransferase
Gene: CHAT
Variant information

Variant position:  392
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Type of variant:  LB/B
The variants are classified into three categories: LP/P, LB/B and US.
  • LP/P: likely pathogenic or pathogenic.
  • LB/B: likely benign or benign.
  • US: uncertain significance

Residue change:  From Alanine (A) to Glycine (G) at position 392 (A392G, p.Ala392Gly).
Indicates the amino acid change of the variant. The one-letter and three-letter codes for amino acids used in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot are those adopted by the commission on Biochemical Nomenclature of the IUPAC-IUB.

Physico-chemical properties:  Change from small size and hydrophobic (A) to glycine (G)
The physico-chemical property of the reference and variant residues and the change implicated.

BLOSUM score:  0
The score within a Blosum matrix for the corresponding wild-type to variant amino acid change. The log-odds score measures the logarithm for the ratio of the likelihood of two amino acids appearing by chance. The Blosum62 substitution matrix is used. This substitution matrix contains scores for all possible exchanges of one amino acid with another:
  • Lowest score: -4 (low probability of substitution).
  • Highest score: 11 (high probability of substitution).
More information can be found on the following page



Sequence information

Variant position:  392
The position of the amino-acid change on the UniProtKB canonical protein sequence.

Protein sequence length:  748
The length of the canonical sequence.

Location on the sequence:   STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLD  A PGGVELSDTHRALQLLHGGG
The residue change on the sequence. Unless the variant is located at the beginning or at the end of the protein sequence, both residues upstream (20) and downstream (20) of the variant will be shown.

Residue conservation: 
The multiple alignment of the region surrounding the variant against various orthologous sequences.

Human                         STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLDAPGGVELS------------------DTHRALQLLHGGG

Mouse                         STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLDGPGTGDLS-------------

Rat                           STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLDGPGTGELS-------------

Pig                           STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLDAPGGMELS-------------

Chicken                       STNRDSLDMIERCICLVCLDGTSGVELN-------------

Zebrafish                     STNRDSLDMIERCLCLVCLDEETATELN-------------

Caenorhabditis elegans        EQNSKSYEWVKSALFVVCLDMEDPIDYGKNDTMSISEK---

Drosophila                    ERNQRNLELIETAQVVLCLDEPLAGNFNARGFTGATPTVHR

Sequence annotation in neighborhood:  
The regions or sites of interest surrounding the variant. In general the features listed are posttranslational modifications, binding sites, enzyme active sites, local secondary structure or other characteristics reported in the cited references. The "Sequence annotation in neighborhood" lines have a fixed format:
  • Type: the type of sequence feature.
  • Positions: endpoints of the sequence feature.
  • Description: contains additional information about the feature.

TypePositionsDescription
Chain 1 – 748 Choline O-acetyltransferase


Literature citations

A complementary DNA for human choline acetyltransferase induces two forms of enzyme with different molecular weights in cultured cells.
Oda Y.; Nakanishi I.; Deguchi T.;
Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 16:287-294(1992)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [MRNA] (ISOFORM M); VARIANTS GLY-392 AND MET-461;

Choline acetyltransferase mutations cause myasthenic syndrome associated with episodic apnea in humans.
Ohno K.; Tsujino A.; Brengman J.M.; Harper C.M.; Bajzer Z.; Udd B.; Beyring R.; Robb S.; Kirkham F.J.; Engel A.G.;
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98:2017-2022(2001)
Cited for: NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [GENOMIC DNA / MRNA] (ISOFORMS M; R AND S); ALTERNATIVE SPLICING; VARIANTS CMS6 PRO-210; ALA-211; THR-305; CYS-420; LYS-441; GLY-482; LEU-498; LEU-506 AND HIS-560; VARIANTS THR-120; GLY-392 AND MET-461;

Disclaimer: Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. They are not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnostic, treatment or care.